Nietzsche's Four Errors Of Human Nature

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Nietzsche was a German Philosopher who wrote a book called Twilight of the Idols. I will be taking some of his main points from his story and giving my standpoint on them. In my paper I will be explaining Nietzsche's morality as an anti-nature and his four great errors of human nature. The four great errors include confusing cause and consequence, false causality, imaginary causes, and free will. Nietzsche believed that philosophy should be about jumping from one extreme to another extreme and that it should make you angry and ask questions. He identified true morality as there being a right and a wrong, and the right and wrong actions are what allow you to succeed in life. Morality as an anti-nature is people telling you what you shouldn't…show more content…
The first error is the error of confusing cause and consequence. "The most general formula at the basis of every religion and morality is: do this and this, refrain from this and this and you will be happy! … a well-constituted human being, a happy one, must perform certain actions." (Nietzsche, 227). Nietzsche believes that people must do certain things in order to be happy with themselves and with others. The way that a person behaves is the consequence of their actions. The second error is the error of a false causality. The second error is when people come up with causes and reasons for the actions they performed. Nietzsche believed that the cause that people came up with for their actions was influenced by their ego. "Finally, who would have disputed that a thought is caused? That the ego causes the thought?" (Nietzsche, 227) A person's ego can tell a lot about how a person will react to certain events and their reasoning behind their…show more content…
"Most of our general feelings - every sort of restraint, pleasure, tension, explosion in the play and counter play of our general feelings, …. likewise, and especially the condition of the nervus sympathicus excite our cause creating drive: we want to have a reason for feeling as we do." (Nietzsche, 228). People are afraid of all the unknown causes of things in the world and therefore come up with a reason as to why something happened the way it did. We tend to do this because it causes less stress and makes us feel more comfortable with the unknown. "Thus, there is sought not only some kind of explanation as cause, but a selected and preferred kind of explanation, the kind by means of which the feeling of the strange, new, unexperienced is most speedily and most frequently abolished." (Nietzsche, 228). People use psychological explanation as part of their imaginary cause for the reason that something occurred. When something happened to someone that is unfamiliar to them they tend to pull something from their memory as a cause to why this event happened. They take something from their memory and say that it is the cause of the consequence of this action and the new or unexperienced event is excluded from being the cause. The entirety of morality and religion also falls under the concept of imaginary causes. The explanation for the unpleasant events or causes is said to happen because we have sinned. Imaginary causes are a
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