New accusers say that Socrates corrupts the youth and does not believe in the gods of the State, and has new divinities of his own. To defend himself against these charges, Socrates asks Meletus some questions. As a result, Meletus is shown to be contradicting himself and making accusations that are absolutely absurd. To the question “Who are the improvers of the youth?” Meletus replies that they are all citizens, but not Socrates, arguing that he is only one who is corrupting them. At the same time, he recognizes that no one would intentionally make the people worse because he is obliged to live among them.
The Euthyphro is one of Plato’s classic dialogues. It is a well-verbalized piece which deals with the question of ethics, consisting of a conversation between Socrates and one other person who claims to be an expert in a certain field of ethics. It is additionally riddled with Socratic irony in which Socrates poses as the incognizant student hoping to learn from a supposed expert, when in fact he shows Euthyphro to be the nescient one who kens nothing about the subject being holiness. Plato's main goal is to edify us, and he believes firmly that cognizance only comes when we are able to justify and account for our true credences. Thus, edifying is not simply a matter of giving the right answers.
One aspect of Machiavelli’s theory which significantly contributes to his reputation as the “philosopher of evil,” is his advice to the prince on keeping their word to the public. In chapter eighteen, Machiavelli states, “a wise ruler cannot, and should not, keep his word when doing so is to his disadvantage, and when the reasons that led him to promise to do so no longer apply” (pg. 37). To simplify, Machiavelli says princes are obligated to lie in certain circumstances. He also states that while it is unnecessary for the prince to have positive qualities, such as honesty, trustworthiness, sympathy, compassion, or be religious, it is essential for the prince to be viewed so by the public (pg.
Descartes states that “I reflect therefore I am.” Descartes shows through his dualism that though the mind and body are separate , they are connected and reliant on one another. This is one key idea that separates Descartes from thinkers like Plato skeptic. The Matrix can be linked to great Philosophers such as Descartes and Plato and can present many key ideas that support their theories. The Matrix in itself shows a tremendous amount of Cartesian Skepticism. Cartesian Skepticism is the idea that we may only know something if we are certain of its truth, meaning that we know little to nothing about anything at all as many of us can not with confidence say we are 100% sure of anything.
The most important aspects discussed in the dialogues is the questioning of what is pious and impious, what it means to be wise, and good life. In the first dialogue, Euthyphro, Socrates questions what is the true meaning of piety, to reach a further understanding for his following trial. In which Euthyphro answers “what is dear to the gods is pious, what is not is impious” (TDS pg 7). Socrates uses the dialectic method to seek out the inconsistencies and contradictions in the statement. This is an important philosophy in the dialogue because Socrates then exposes the uncertainties of the argument, which is held by many other sophists, and men of the same stature.
He rather reluctantly tells Glaucon of his “single noble lie that would, preferably, persuade even the rulers themselves,” (414c) - the Myth of the Metals. His goal in this is to create a tale that will be believed by their sons, by later generations, and all people who come after because “all this will go where tradition leads,” (414e). To ban stories entirely would prevent him from implementing this measure, which he uses to establish social order and hierarchy. XXXX The stringent rules of Socrates’ censorship are designed to expose the citizens of Kallipolis to only the most virtuous exemplars of literature, poetry, and art in order to teach them how to live that life for themselves. The classic works of Hesiod and Homer are either castrated or banned entirely for fear of the disturbing and disruptive ideas and imagery they present.
This shows that Pooh does reason things that happen as a matter of cause and effect like Kant believed. Kant also believed that people cannot know everything. Similarly, Pooh always mentions that he has a very little and acknowledges that he does not know everything. He also believed that “the difference between right and wrong was a matter of reason” (Gaarder 344). Winnie-the-Pooh’s way of reasoning between right and wrong supports Kant’s belief, “I have just been thinking, and I have come to a very important decision.
Seeing as how it has been used through the ages to this very day, it helped him prove the superiority of his own point of view while exploiting the weakness in his opponent’s point. A typical Socratic elenchus is a cross-examination of a couple of things position, proposition, or definition, after which Socrates tests what his opponent or interlocutor says then refutes it. Socrates usually begins the argument by a simple question of, “what is it”? When taking a deeper look at the Socratic method one understands that Socrates is not only interested in the topic at hand but also the mind set and mentality of the interlocutor. From this we conclude that Socrates is as interested in refuting the topic at hand as he is in the refinement and improvement of the interlocutor’s own mind set.
Plato’s famous philosophical text, Apology, is the account of Socrates’ trial for attempting to corrupt the youth and challenging the popular belief in the Greek Gods. Socrates’ wisely stated during the trial that, “the unexamined life is not worth living for a human being” (Apology). His idea of the good life was a life in which one’s complete self seeks out the universal truths and if his ideas were applied to our modern society, they would still be largely applicable. Socrates’ use of the phase ‘the unexamined life’ could have multiple meanings and applications. The most direct interpretation this phase would be someone who does not seek life’s answers and the universal truths as he does.