Niger River Case Study

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RESOURCE CURSE: OIL VIOLENCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION A CASE STUDY OF THE NIGER DELTA REGION JOHN SAMUEL KIM Master of Arts in International Studies (International Development and Cooperation) GRADUATE SCHOOL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES JOHNSON UNIVERSITY 2015 Abstract This research work examines the oil-violence linkage in the Niger Delta region and also takes into account various factors that have triggered the crisis. The case study narrates increased violence within the region from the mid-1990s, outlining various factors such as environmental degradation, unemployment and hostage taking. The presence of oil in the Niger Delta region has indirectly boosted the risk of violent conflicts through a further distortion of national economy.…show more content…
Ogoniland, then again, is a 404-square-mile (1,050 km2) region in the southeast of the Niger Delta bowl. The Ogoni individuals, a minority ethnic gathering of about a large portion of a million individuals who call Ogoniland home, and other 90 ethnic gatherings in the region confirm that amid this time, the State started compelling them to desert their territory to oil organizations without counsel, and offering immaterial pay. This is upheld by a 1979 sacred expansion, which managed the state full proprietorship and rights to all Nigerian region furthermore chose that all remuneration for area would be in light of the estimation of the harvests on the area at the season of its obtaining, not on the estimation of the area itself. The Nigerian State could now disperse the area to oil organizations as it is considered fit (Ikporukpo, 2007). The 1970s and 1980s saw the state's vacant guarantees of benefits for the Niger Delta people groups fail to work out, with the Ogoni developing expanding disappointed and their environmental, social, and economic device quickly breaking down. The Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (MOSOP) was framed in 1992, and led by Ken Saro-Wiwa, to turn into the major crusading association speaking to the Ogoni individuals in their battle for ethnic and environmental rights. Its essential targets and enemies are the Nigerian State and Royal Dutch

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