After the part of the passage that explains both the Europeans and Igbo people are to blame for colonization, Obierika states, “Now he has won our brothers and our clan can no longer act like one. He has put a knife on the things that held us together and we have fallen apart (Achebe 176).” This is the only reference of the title throughout the entire book, and is used to represent the book as a whole because it shows that nothing goes as planned throughout Okonkwo’s life as well as the overall existence of the Igbo culture and society. In relation to the surrounding plot of this quote, Achebe uses the word ‘knife’ as a symbolic representation of the European colonization. The ‘knife’ has cause great amounts of damage to Umuofia that is beyond repair. The European have broken the Igbo society into two.
The conflict turns into many destructions and effects, like conflict with ethnic people that led mass killing of Ngok Dinka, their cultural, citizenship, and linguistic claims, the security or violence and freedom of its citizens, and the possible wealth that they have. The 1972 Addis Ababa Agreement that ended the first civil war turned to be failure prior to rebellion that led to its Second Sudanese Civil War of 1983 to 2005 were it devastated the Abyei, and more attacks from both group increase continuously. Both group are claiming the Abyei as a part of them, one reason of it is the abundant oil resources that could be favorable to its economy. For the long term peace, it will need more years to finally solve since the actions that they create are not agreeable on both
Case Study: WIWA v. ROYAL DUTCH PETROLEUM COMPANY The case below gives a situation where Shell Oil Corporation was sued for human rights violations arising from oil production in Nigeria. This case was a class action in the United States District Court on behalf of the Ogoni people who alleged that the Royal Dutch Petroleum Company, Shell Transport and Trading Company, P.L.C., and Shell Petroleum Development Corporation of Nigeria (Inc.) collectively known as “Shell” cooperated with and assisted the Nigerian military in the brutal suppression of the Ogoni people, a Nigerian minority group. The Ogoni people had demanded that Shell observes proper environmental safeguards and to pay compensation for environmental damages in relation
There is an absence of a commonly shared vision within the SPLM/A about the future of South Sudan. In addition, immediately after the independence of South Sudan, finger pointing started within the leadership, which resulted in a major rift. The leadership is seem to stray from what the purpose of their revolutions, rebellions was trying to accomplish. They are succumbed to greed, accumulation of private wealth instead of giving service to the people. In the aftermath of this rift, two major warring groups emerged: a government led by President Salva Kirr and a rebel group led by former Vice President Riek Machar (Maru, 2015).
Park encountered a group of slaves when traveling through Mandinka country: They were all very inquisitive, but they viewed me at first with looks of horror, and repeatedly asked if my countrymen were cannibals. They were very desirous to know what became of the slaves after they had crossed the salt water. I told them that they were employed in cultivating the land; but they would not believe me … A deeply-rooted idea that the whites purchase Negroes for the purpose of devouring them, or of selling them to others that they may be devoured hereafter …” Mungo Park died in 1806 Northern Nigeria Bussa by drowning while on his second expedition to trace the course of the Niger River. The town site is now covered by Lake Kainji, which was created in 1968 with the construction of the Lake Kainji dam. The town was re-located to what is now called New Bussa.
1. INTRODUCTION One of the political concerns of the post- independent Uganda today is that ethnicity has been harmful to democracy, national unity and development (Kibanja, Kajumba, and Johnson 2011). The political conflicts in Uganda from 1964 -1966 when the then Prime Minister Milton Obote overthrew President Edward Mutesa, took an ethnic turn. The 1971 coup by General Idi Amin Dada, the 1981-86 bush wars which brought President Yoweri Museveni and later the civil wars in Northern Uganda from the late 1980s have all had the element of ethnicity as one of the driving forces (Okuku 2002). Ugandan society is plural, our human organization is based on the knowledge of different levels of family, clan, village, religion and tribe identity,
I am a white man, a business leader in my community in Johannesburg, and I am not a supporter of the apartheid. Apartheid, this policy or system of segregation and discrimination based on race, is simply not the answer to growing a strong society and government. We are fast approaching a new millenium and yet we still live in the dark ages of oppressive behavior within our society. While other countries have moved forward and made progress by desegregating, our nation has continued to fight against strengthening our society by the endorsement of apartheid. This senseless methodology not only degrades our society as a whole, it also impacts our economic system through work strikes.
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Human rights violation has been a major challenge in Nigeria over the years. Since independence in 1960, the country has experienced both military and civilian regimes which have been accused of human rights violation. The failure of these regimes to ensure respect for human rights has contributed to several cases of violent conflicts in different parts of Nigeria. The situation in the Niger Delta area is not different. The Niger Delta is basically the area in which petroleum production takes place in Nigeria.
His name, in the corrupt form Bekee, would become eponymous for all white men in the language of the Igbo peoples in the decades that followed! If these efforts by European peoples to enter the lands of the 'countries ' and 'tribes ' that lay in the hinterland of the Bight of Biafra had any purpose, it, clearly, had suggested that the Europeans had needs which only the
Moreover, the absence of a united patriotic approach to leadership with the main interest of the citizens, proving security and social services led to the retaliation of the inherently resentful working class majority; thus crumbling these states. Moreover, Chuba Okadigbo’s 1978 Power and Leadership depicts my stance on this topic “The lack of national cohesion, indeed of any bold attempt by raising institutions of leaders to really unite Nigeria is indicative of leadership failure in Nigeria, i.e. of failure of personal leadership as well as institutional or structural failure.”. Highlighting the gulf separating Sub Saharan African states from the South Eastern Asian states who have tremendously invested in their leadership capabilities, democratic virility and national