Exerting power through numerous methods, the British influence and control in India increased to an extent that it was controlling many parts of the country. European states required raw materials and a market to sell and trade their commodities. At length, these imperative resources were lacking and were needed in sufficient quantities due principally the Industrial Revolution. Henceforth, these European states competed for industries and markets in Africa and Asia. With this in mind, Britain joined the scramble for countries to colonize.
Britain bought India's natural resources, such as cotton, cheaply, and would then use their Industrial machines to make exceptional goods, which they sold back to the Indian people at a higher price (Doc 2).This was extremely profitable for the British (Imperialism in India). The modern British industries destroyed the previous cottage industries in India because goods were made faster and better in Europe (Doc 11). This also stopped the growth of new industries which could have lead to more jobs and a wealthier
The British East India Company took control over India in 1770. The British East India Company had control of many colonies, India was one of them. They initially came for their need of coal, cotton, indigo, and tea. But after the Sepoy Rebellion in 1857, the British took full political, economic, and social control over India. British imperialism had a negative impact on the politics and economy of India because the army, justice system, government and resources of India were run to benefit the British, not the Indians.
Colonies such as India had importance to Britain as they were a source for raw materials, but also a market for British made goods. Soon later competition was created between Britain and India. The competition was based over cotton, as cotton became an important Britain export and also an important Indian exports. To protect Britain's textile industry, the British Government supported Britain. They supported Britain by banning dye and cloth from India for the next 200 years.
Imperialism Position Paper In the mid-1800s the British extended their power by taking control over India, leaving a detrimental impact on their nation both socially and politically after ultimately exploiting their people, leaving them on the verge if not already lost to starvation, and consciously stripping many of them of their self-governance rights. The British throughout their rule mistreated the natives, and clearly disregarded their well being after allowing them to starve, and exhausting their workers for their own personal gain. The age of imperialism in India began in the mid-1700s as the British East India Company began to gain greater political influence and power. They were eventually able to monopolize the trading industry,
Great Britain was a very powerful country. They had a very strong government and army, when imperialism was introduced, that was a way of expanding it all. One of their targets that they want to imperialized was India. India was ruled by Mughals and it was very rich in natural resources such as tea, indigo, coffee, cotton. Moreover, they governed wisely and fought well.
After losing American Colonies, British imperialist started looking for opportunities in the Far East and India showed great potential. The British entered India as traders with the primary objective to earn profits by carrying on with trade in India. In the early 1800’s the British imperialists started to colonise India for various reasons such as natural resources and land. The colonisation took place during the industrial revolution and this meant cheap labour from people. British-India had two states those under rule of Queen Monarch of Great Britain and the other under rule by the Indian prince who followed British rules.
By 1857, the British, through the East India Company, directly ruled two thirds of India. The remaining third was overseen by Indian princes who paid tribute to the British. The British not only dominated the Indian economy, sending profits back to Britain: they also imposed their values on the Indian people by preventing Indian soldiers from occupying high ranking positions in the army and introducing social and land reforms. Thus, even though the British government was not engaged in direct imperialism, the British East India Company still had a strong, controlling hand in the Indian way of life. To begin with, it can be observed that the British colonizers did indeed improve Indian civilization by developing means of communication and transport further than what had already been established.
Imperialism and Colonialism caused a shift in power from China to Japan, growth of trade in India, and variable responses in Southeast Asia. After South Asia became more accessible to Europeans through improvements in shipping/navigational technology and the Suez Canal, the British East India Company began to establish rule in India under both direct and indirect rule as noted in week 5 lecture. Initially, the British government had only limited involvement in India.
The British occupation and subsequent colonial rule in Nigeria brought together peoples from heterogeneous backgrounds together to become the entity called Nigeria as noted by Kolawole (2005). According to Coleman (1971) the British colonial rule in Nigeria constituted two gigantic structures 1. “The British superstructure”: This comprised of British persons almost, who made policies and supervised the persons that occupied the Native Administrations. At this level were “(...) the governor, lieutenant governors, the colonial bureaucracy, the field staff of residents and district officers, and the army and police” (Coleman 1971, p.45). 2.