Having an open mind is another characteristic people turn to when contemplating what an ideal person is. It shows that one is open to new ideas, suggestions and can see the opposing side of an argument. Appreciation is given to those with this trait because it is easier to reach agreements on important matters by both sides of the argument compromising. Machiavelli, on the other hand, prefers to be in control and tells people this in The Prince. Once again, he has a pessimistic outlook on what the optimal person is.
As Alister McGrath stated "…the New Atheism is increasingly being seen as a one-trick pony. It 's great for its predictable theatrical denunciations of religion…" McGrath even referred to David Bentley Hart who "remarked that the New Atheism is ‘so intellectually and morally trivial ' that it is bet classified as merely another ‘form of light entertainment. ' The main common ground between all New Atheists other than the belief of no supernatural is a common hatred and degradation of the religious
Judging the morals in life regarding different societies expectations quickly became the focus of Equality’s thoughts, exactly as Ayn Rand had made it the importance of her own efforts. Objectivism is different from what many people live by, but it worked for Equality by the end of Anthem. It is important to realize everybody needs different things, which leads to thinking diversely. Some need self-respect to be able to give respect, and others live their life following instead of leading. It is impossible however, to say objectivism needs to vanish when it never has before, more so, the world would be unbalanced with only equal thoughts from all; there would be no innovation if all thoughts were for the same narrow concept.
Humans are rational beings by nature. However, in all reality, we are also selfish beings, where the majority of people want the most good for themselves and then later consider the needs of others. Utilitarianism involves a higher incidence of making circumstantial especially personal exemptions and a higher chance of promoting selfish gains. Often times, people use others merely as stepping stones, so that they can first succeed. Far too often the mentality of members of society stems from the idea of after I am personally successful, then I will donate to the poor and do more charitable deeds, yet at this current time I need to focus on myself, not others.
The rest will follow automatically.”, but it’s hard to persuade a whole generation that collectivism is now suddenly a good thing when individuality is praised and that being different is ultimately favorable. To do so “I” would have to be taken from vocabulary and “We” implanted as the only way to mention oneself or others around them. The connection between Anthem’s community and the one lived in today is barely even slightly similar and also a little bit of an impossible feat. Even in Anthem not everyone is equal. There has to be someone to govern, to take charge.
What is the main error of human secularists? Coleman points to their belief that we can “rise above our instinctual self and master our own eveloution. ”4 This fallacy is based on humans becoming more empathic and carrying more about others. Coleman reveals, “Even if we were to concede the proposition that the world is improving by some measure and that we are becoming more empathic, we must be careful not to confuse evolving standards of decency with hearts truly free of prejudice.
This was to prevent thought-crime, which would be punishable by death. “The purpose of Newspeak was not only to provide a medium of expression for the world-veiw and mental habits proper to the devotees of Ingsoc, but to make all other modes of thought impossible. ”(George Orwell). The only way to properly describe the narcissism of the party is to explain everything they had control over. Newspeak is just one out of the many ways the party brainwashed its members into loyalty.
In Kurt Vonnegut 's Cat 's Cradle, Vonnegut creates his own religion to satirize all other religions. His imaginary religion, Bokononism, is based on foma, also known as harmless untruths, or lies. Those that believe in Bokononism think that successful societies can only be created by having a clear and even balance between good and evil. They also do not believe that there is such a thing as complete evil. The religion costs the people who believe in it not only their sanity, but their lives.
“The world is my representation” (Schopenhauer 1); Schopenhauer contends that at even the universe’s crux, it is not a rational place, but merely a chaotic abyss made into what one makes of it. Having recognized the errors of his philosophical mentors, Plato and Kant, Schopenhauer developed an ascetic approach to mending the errors ingrained in us through the human condition, which preaches that in a world full of pain and suffering, human beings must combat natural desires to attain tranquility and a disposition warranting widespread magnanimity. Although regarded as a categorical pessimist, Schopenhauer endorsed methods, implementing artistic, moral and ascetic systems of cognizance, to appease the fundamentally painful and tenuous circumstances of human life. (Wicks) Although Schopenhauer rejects traditional German Idealism in its metaphysical elevation of self-consciousness as being too intellectualistic,
Clarence Darrow came to defend scopes. he had a agnostic view on religion and believe evolution is a important to know about. on the state 's side was William Bryan and christian who believed the bible should be thought of in a literal sense and evolution was a dangerous and would lead to a social movement. Just by knowing this it should have been a mistrial based on the fact that the state attorney 's main argument was that it goes against the literal interpretation of the bible because it 's obviously mixing church and state. Just to show you how silly this argument is heres some quotes from the bible Leviticus 19:27 states: “Ye shall not round the corners of your heads, neither shalt thou mar the corners of thy beard”.
Levitt says that it is difficult to correct the conventional wisdom once it is embraced by society. This is because the wisdom, more often than not, is created by experts in a field of study. The experts will draw conclusions from their observations without checking the facts. Media then goes on to spread the false conclusions, which begins to ring true and accepted by society. According to Levitt, this problem would be solved if instead believing fallacies, society focused on using logical facts.
The vital information that only the scientists held should have been used as the main motivation to sway the President. By not bringing up the fact that it was them who invented the atomic bomb and they knew of its massive annihilation abilities, was a key argument that must have been brought forth. The petitioner’s repeated use of pathos and appeals of emotion and moral responsibility sidetracked the rational facts of their arguments. A factual representation of the scientist’s true information of the matter should have been the main thought process and might have possibly altered the course of history. Leo Szilard and his group of co-signers failed to prevent the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, thus demonstrating that the point of view of the scientists failed to carry the strong talking points needed to stop the world’s first atomic weapons attack.
She believes that both the Witch-Doctors and Attilas are sworn enemies of reason. She believes that the With Doctors are preaching a wrong sense of morality as morality should be defined by every person and should never be imposed on them through guilt as religions do most of the time. The Witch-Doctor also “pre-empts the field of morality” (Rand, 12). She says that “a society based on and geared to the conceptual level of man’s consciousness, a society dominated by a philosophy of reason, has no place for the rule of fear and guilt” (Rand, 20). Fear and guilt are both Attilas and the Witch-Doctors methods of asserting dominance, for Ayn Rand, rationality can’t flourish when someone is vulnerable to fear and guilt.
Christianity has always been subjective and ambiguous, which allows for theories and speculation to develop regarding the religion’s values and characteristics. A key matter in theology seeks to understand those values and to identify a model of living that guides people away from corruption to remain in God’s image. Athanasius of Alexandria’s On the Incarnation and Friedrich Nietzsche’s The Anti-Christ address this issue with viewpoints that directly contradict each other. Athanasius examines the Incarnation to defend his position that natural human desires corrupt mankind and suggests there is nothing to prevent evil and sin other than God’s salvation while Nietzsche asserts that corruption occurs from a loss of instinctive nature and proposes