Nile River Case Study

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5.0 INTRODUCTION.
Today the Nile Basin nations are witnessing large challenges regarding demographic and socio-economic development, with a large but dwindling discrepancy between the level of development of Egypt and the other riparian states for instance. The population growth and push for economic development is regularly increasing the pressure on the Nile River as a water resource, while the attempts to unfold a basin wide agreement on the river Nile’s use have not been successful so far and a condition of low level conflict exists.
Consequently, in this research paper the question of the impact of population growth on inter-state conflict over the Nile river has been brought up and examined in a complex structure, putting into account
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Fresh water resources are getting depleted due to increased pollution for instance that of Lake Victoria which is an important source for the river, natural habitats of diverse fauna and flora have become extinct due to pollution. The study also focused on how population growth has depleted the finite natural resources. Deforestation and desertification have enabled less water catchment areas for the river Nile hence lower volumes of water. The fact that high population growth means higher demand for water is noted in the chapter too and since the pollution of the river has increased more than ever due to the increased human activities water insecurity is a reality in the region especially for states that depend too much on the…show more content…
One of the vital measures is to absorb policies reflecting social change. Educating the masses aids them in understanding the necessity to have one or two children at the most. Families that are facing a tough life and choose to have four or five children should be dissuaded from. Family planning and efficient birth control can support women in making their own reproductive choices. Open discussions on abortion and voluntary sterilization should be seen when talking about overpopulation.
Another vital measure is that of enabling people to be aware of family planning: As population of the Nile basin region is increasing at a rapid speed, raising awareness among people on the issue of family planning and letting them know about the serious after effects of overpopulation. This can help curb population growth. One of the best way is to let the young people know about various techniques and contraceptives methods available to stay away from any unwanted

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