Nineteen Eighty-1984, A Pessimist And Dystopian Novel

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George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four is a pessimistic and dystopian novel. Throughout the novel we are shown a sense of oppression and totalitarianism. In the beginning of the novel Winston, who has a strong sense of individuality rebels against Big brother, who is the dictating party. He writes in big words in his diary “DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER.”(Orwell 2013: 36-37) At the end of the novel the party tortures and brainwashes Winston into accepting the ideals of the party. This shows what a horrific world Winston lives in. Anything that someone thought of had to be in accordance with the party’s regime, anything else would be considered a thoughtcrime and would be punished severely.
Considering the mechanisms of control and the possibilities of freedom that follow we will explore the extent to which George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four is a pessimistic and dystopian novel.
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Newspeak is the language that was created and enforced by Big Brother, the controlling party in the novel, to control and restrict the way in which party members think. This language has no negative expressions and eliminates all possibilities for a person to have freedom of thought, creativity, and self expression. Newspeak limits any concept or rebellious thoughts that pose a threat to Big Brothers’ totalitarianism regime. In the novel Syme explains to Winston the concept of newspeak by saying "Don't you see that the whole aim of Newspeak is to narrow the range of thought? In the end we shall make thoughtcrime literally impossible, because there will be no words in which to express it." (Orwell 2013:

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