*Manual Scavenging is a largely sanitary issue. The environmental conditions in India , Chaplin says, are practically identical to those of 19th century urban areas in Britain and in a large sense Europe. The most significant issue of insanitary living and working conditions of large segments of the urban populace have largely been ignored for a long time because Indian urban communities has middle class "monopolized" the administration which has led in lack of interest in sanitary reform and the avoidance to fundamental basic services. The congress party which has mostly ruled according to "principle of consensus and compromise" to create a political administration that was mostly dominated by middle class which has maintained status quo (Chaplin 146) . This unequal treatment is not new and is in fact an inheritance of British rule who only focused on military sanitation and the wellbeing of government staff.
The BATNA for Purmo is very simple; not making a deal. The reason for that is, that they have contracts with very few wholesalers, which affects them in a way, that they can´t just go to another wholesaler from one day to another if they can´t agree with Sanistål. By having contracts with very few wholesalers Purmo can use that in a negotiation in the way that they can talk about the loyalty they show to very few on the market. It’s a good argument to use in a negotiation, but it does not really give you a power over the other party. When looking at Sanistål’s BATNA, there are differences compared to the position Purmo is in.
Hygienic problems in Slum The hygienic problems in the slum are mainly due to the fewer opportunities to access to the urban services, compared to the non-slum population. This social inequality is shown in the distribution of water supply and toilets formation in the community. According to Oxford (2010), only 18.5% of the slum population have directly piped water supply, compared to 92% in the non-slum area in Mumbai. Those who may not able to get the official water supply have an increased risk of getting contaminated water from other sources such as the river and get infected after drinking it. Additionally, the insufficient clean water supply to every household reduces their desire to keep clean personally and environmentally as they do not have excessive water for the consistent clean-up.
5.0 SUGGESTIONS ON HOW TO PROTECT MALAY RESERVED LAND 5.1 Waqaf the Malay Reservation land Another way to save Malay Reserved Land, one of it is waqaf. In this situation, usually waqaf is popular associated with the construction of cemetery, madrasah, and mosque. It is not yet popularized for business and residential area. If the Malay’s people have waqaf their land to the market so that it can be used by Malay people, the leased may be cheap or may also be free, where the traders only pay the cost of waste management. When someone doing sale and purchase at a night market as an example, it will affect to lower the costs in turn will lower the price of goods and sold.
Khasi has four dialects which are used in Bangladesh. These are : Pnar dialect,Nongwa dialect, lingam dialect and standard khasi. Khasi have no traditional script but in 1813, Khasi language was written by Bengali alphabet form Sylhet and in 1845 Roman Alphabet was used. Now-a-days, Roman alphabet is used for writing literature. 2.7.
For poor people especially in the village or in a rural places most of them there are no own car. So, most people in that area use their neighbor’s vehicles for transportation. Other than that, in some cases, some people in rural areas which have their own vehicle transport will utilize their personal vehicle to provide as a taxi services to other people in that areas. This is form as carpooling even though the people in rural areas sometimes charge for the rides sometimes. This is different with other country like United States and other industrialized countries which there are both environmental and social benefits to carpooling.
Philippines have two types of seasons-the wet and dry. It is through these seasons that a number of Filipino rice farmers earned their living. Ideally, rice grains are being planted during dry season in order to avoid the coming of typhoons during wet season because that will damage most of the crops. Other farmers can maintain their fields through irrigation but some do not have the facility to do so. Farmers who do not have the access to irrigation tend to pray for a little divine intervention so that a little rainfall may water their drying fields.
(Review on)STUDY OF THE WATER QUALITY CONTAMINATED by SUGAR with distillery MILL EFFLUENT INTRODUCTION The total amount of global water, only 2.4% is distributed on the main land, of which only a small portion can be utilized as freshwater. The available freshwater to man is hardly 0.3-0.5% of the total water available on the earth and, therefore, its judicious use is imperative (Hegade & Kale 1995). It is believed that ground water must possess degree of purity, free from chemical contamination and micro-organisms. But the rapid increase in population and industrialization together with the lack of wisdom to live in harmony with nature has led to the deterioration of good quality of water 2; thus, resulting water pollution. Ground water as
Abstract: In Bangladesh, maximum rickshaw-pullers are illiterate and from underprivileged background. They are joining in this profession as it is a self-determining occupation and does not necessitate any supplementary expertise. Thus, pulling rickshaw is an easy way for urban and rural poor people to discharge form extreme poverty. In addition, with the passage of time, rickshaw fare is progressively climbing through years and the reasons behind this are growing prices of daily commodities, living costs, repairing and spare parts costs of rickshaw etc. Rickshaw pullers normally upturn fare with rise of such day to day expenditures.
People in Lebanese villages have less information about Nestle Pure Life • Communication is weak • Selling Nestle pure life is low in winter season. Due to this reason this product is seasonal, and this seasonal factor make this sale cyclical. • Less budget to allocate for branding and facilitating activities • The distribution cost in Lebanon is high as compared to the competition in the national market. THREATS • Uncertain conditions will affect the sales (ex:war) • Cheap rates of known brand like Sohat, Reem &Tannourine is the biggest threat in near future • If the government department will take precautionary measures to provide safe and drinking water to every home by installing filtered plants to every locality to be easily access by everyone. • Demand of the product is elastic • Increase in labor costs • Rising cost of raw