Despite of having approach of inductive reasoning, this paper lacks in advantage of deductive reasoning as because are devoid of any formulated hypothesis. Therefore, to fill the gap of disadvantage of sole inductive reasoning approach, (Bryman and Bell, 2011) concept of “abductive reasoning” is used in this paper, abductive reasoning is used to make logical inferences and build theories about the world around us. Therefore, the abductive reasoning overcomes all the shortcoming of both the type of reasoning: inductive and deductive approach. The authors also mention that
Research methodology: Research is a systematic and unbiased search for knowledge. Its overall aim is to verify established relationships in different situations, formulate hypothesis and text their validity, and to interpret the test results for drawing inferences and conclusions. For doing all these researcher should follow some methods and techniques. [Abedin, 2005] Research methodology is a vital part of any kind of research. In anthropological research, this method is used to collect the information and is considered the core part of a research.
These assumptions are said to determine how the researcher understands the research questions, the methods to be used and also how findings will be interpreted. According to Saunders et al. (2016:124), a well-structured and consistent set of assumptions will constitute a credible research philosophy which will support the choice of methodology, research strategy and data collection techniques and analysis procedures. Such a research philosophy will also permit the researcher to design a coherent project where all aspects fit together. The two most common types of research philosophies are positivism and
In realising he is a ‘thing that thinks’, he is discovering an ontological truth – his model of knowledge fails when applied to others. He cannot proof someone else’s existence because he thinks, and whether or not they think is irrelevant because he cannot project thought from their perspective. Truth is only known to Descartes because he concluded it in his own conscious mind and this subjective reality does not lead to objective reality beyond his own mind. His claim for self-realization proves little to some other self-conscious being. To say “I think, therefore, I am’, cannot be proven my anyone other than him.
1. Philosophical analysis is an essential tool for the improvement of our critical thinking skills. The world have introduced to us different ideas about life, death and the existence of God, and thinking about these concepts could sometimes be really confusing. The only effective way to analyze these kinds of concepts is through critical thinking, breaking down the broad and big questions into smaller and more specific questions to understand them better. Having a critical mind makes one wiser and more tact about what he or she states.
His method of gaining knowledge was simply to start from the bottom and work his way up. Descartes, also, emphasized the fact that human beings often make mistakes in their beliefs. Additionally, Descartes mainly used deduction to get to his answers, which could increase validity. The way Descartes created questions, building up his knowledge from scratch and doubting everything that was previously said and done, can arguably be considered as neutral. However, as a counterargument, his intent could be considered to not be neutral, as he clearly makes a statement on how knowledge should be perceived; based on sense perception and reasoning as ways of knowing only, and his way of leading a discussion, with language as a way of knowing might influence the public.
"The Goal" likewise shows the adequacy of Socratic method for approaching and determining issues, which in this story, incorporates the complexities of an assembling unit and additionally conjugal issues. Dr. Goldratt has supported this by affirming his conviction that the deductive methodology is the main route through which we can learn. The book goes for clarifying the legitimacy of and rationale behind Dr. Goldratt's Theory of Constraints.
Besides, the number of candidates chosen is also limited. To keep it precise and simple, the deductive approach is used. This will not set new theories or propositions, but it will definitely enhance the existing research work. This approach, however, fails to offer authenticity to the central problem of the research by limiting the sample to a single organization, thereby superseding the research progress. The verification of the data is developed on the grounds of substantiating data.
An interview guide can further aid the transcribing process as it sets out the various themes. As the focus groups were directed according to my interview guide I was able to categorise my gathered information according to themes. However, some new and unexpected themes did arise and these were then categorised separately. Content analysis needs to be systematic to ensure validity when using interpretive approaches. Furthermore, Lunt and Livingstone (1996:95) point out that “You can always pick out striking examples, but you easily miss reverse cases and all the ambiguous cases”; thus it was in searching for what is missing that some interesting conclusions could be
Research is a process of getting information about any phenomenon through different tactics. According to Neumann (2000: 200) a collection of methods and methodologies that researchers apply systematically to produce scientifically based knowledge about the social world. Research methodology is a crucial and important step that is framed before conducting a study. According to Woody (1988), research comprises defining and redefining problems, formulating hypothesis or suggested solutions, collecting, organizing and evaluating data, making deductions and reaching conclusion and further testing the conclusion whether they fit into formulating hypothesis. Creswell (2003) regards research methodology as the fundamental part and intact process that provides a basic framework for the research.