Nitrogen In The Haber Process

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Our world’s population has greatly increased over the past 100 years. These people need to have sufficient quantities of food. To achieve this ammonia based fertilizers are required. Below, the history and the procedure of the Haber Process is explained. As well as the use of nitrogen in the Haber Process, the positive and the negative aspects of ammonia production. The Haber Process is the process in which ammonia is produced. Ammonia is a necessary ingredient in many different items, including fertilizer. This is an important product in our society because it allows for food to be produced in large quantities. Before the Haber Process was created the process of making ammonia was extremely difficult. The chemical equation that produces…show more content…
Without the presence of the element the Haber Process simply could not exist. In the equation for ammonia one mole of N2 is needed for every three moles of H2 (Crash Course; 2013). Ammonia needs nitrogen to become ammonia. This means that the global food product would largely decrease if nitrogen was not used in the process. Nitrogen is created through fractional distillation. Molecules from our air, which is around 80% nitrogen, are cooled down so that the nitrogen can be separated from the oxygen and water molecules. The nitrogen is then met with hydrogen and sent through the process described above (Crash Course;…show more content…
Without ammonia there would be worldwide food shortages. The Haber Process facilitates the large scale production of ammonia. This leads to it being possible to produce fertilizers on a factory scale as well. The most common ammonia based fertilizers are ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) and ammonium sulfate ((NH4)2S04)(The Fuse School; 2013). These fertilizers are able to control the global food production and make sure that the majority of people have access to food. Without ammonia based fertilizers there would be worldwide food shortages that would affect a large part of the world’s population (The Fuse School; 2013). Using ammonia based fertilizer has improved the food industry 's production rates drastically. Previously the largest source for fertilizer was from seabird feces deposits (The Fuse School; 2013). This was highly inefficient seeing as these deposits had limited supplies of the
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