Nobel Prize Research Paper

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Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Winners

Everyone wants to win a Nobel Prize, but which one? In this lesson, we 'll talk about the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine, and look at some notable past winners.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

In 1896, Alfred Nobel died, causing his will to go into effect. This would turn out to be a very significant moment, because Nobel had set a large portion of his sizable estate to establish a series of prizes for people who accomplished amazing things for humanity. We call these awards the Nobel Prizes. Most people are familiar with the Nobel Peace Prize, but that 's only one of them. There are actually five. One of them is for achievements in physiology or medicine. The winner of the
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Edwards is credited with the development of something called in-vitro fertilization. In this process, a human egg is fertilized outside of the woman 's body, then re-inserted into the body for normal development. In 1978, Louise Brown was the first in-vitro baby to be born, proving that it was possible to fertilize the egg outside of the human body. While in-vitro fertilization has been one of the most controversial medical discoveries of the 20th century, it has also proven to be a successful way for infertile couples to produce a healthy child. As of 2010, when Edwards was awarded the prize, roughly 4 million babies worldwide had been conceived via in-vitro fertilization. How 's that…show more content…
The field of physiology or medicine has yielded some pretty amazing results. From the first recipient, Emil von Behring who developed the serum to treat diphtheria, Nobel laureates are recognized for substantial contributions to humanity. Frederick Grant Banting and John James Rickard Macleod discovered insulin in the early 20th century. Karl Landsteiner discovered the different blood types in human, and Roger W. Sperry identified the roles of each hemisphere in the brain. In more modern times, Francoise Barré-Sinoussi and Luc Montagnier are recognized for their discovery of HIV, and Robert Edwards for developing in-vitro fertilization. There have been some great medical discoveries in the last century, and the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was there to recognize

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