In this paper, I will be arguing the concept of what crime is through the situations and the outcomes shown in Crime and Punishment, with the help of true to life crimes. Crime is an integral part of Dostoevsky’s Crime and Punishment. Crime by definition is “an
If correctional professionals were to take a class on understanding criminal behavior or criminal theory I honestly believe that it would help them in understanding how to help certain inmates achieve rehabilitation or self confidence. When trying to understand why people commit crimes, correctional professionals should have an understanding on how to treat and take care
A question that many would like to believe is properly answered by judges, jurors, and attorneys. But unfortunately, that is not the case. I will be elaborating on a specific case that will emphasize on how our justice system can truly be biased. The criminal justice system is comprised of three major institutions which process a case from inception, through trial, to punishment. A case begins with law enforcement officials, who investigate a crime and gather the evidence to identify and use against the presumed perpetrator.
At its heart is the idea that in the absence of effective controls, offenders will prey upon attractive targets. To have a crime, a motivated offender must come to the same place as an attractive target. For personal crimes such as kidnapping, the target is a person. In addition, there are controllers whose presence can prevent crime. If the controllers are absent, or present but powerless and corrupt, crime is possible (Figure 2.1).
The next few chapters will dive into causes of corruption, through a disabling viewpoint, and focus on theories that are comparative to police corruption. The theory of police corruption is a well research area in which police stress attributes to many issues. The physical and psychological demands of police stress have been explored throughout this text. The review of this book was to determine the likelihood of a coincidence of police corruption and PTSD (including depression, alcoholism, etc.) created a need for further examination of this subject matter.
Constructionist perspectives emphasize the socially constructed nature of crime and the idea “that we cannot fully understand crime and its causes and consequences unless we also accept that the identification, coding, and counting of crime” (Modern and Payls, 2015,77) are built on the basis of interactions among people. In addition, constructionists suggest that crime statistics like the UCR is considered more of measuring police activity and how many crimes the police detects rather than the amount of crime reported to
Sentencing and corrections policies should embody fairness, consistency, proportionality and opportunity. Sentences need to be commensurated according to the harm caused; ergo, measuring the effects on the victim, the community, and the rehabilitative needs of the offender. Objectives require balance in selecting correctional options that meet individual offender needs to contribute to crime reduction and prevent recidivism. Policies that affect long-term consequences of criminal convictions, including housing and employment opportunities require careful examination. Additionally sentencing and corrections policies that could adversely or disproportionately affect citizens based on race, income, gender or geography need to be taken into consideration.
The job I am going to discuss that is within the criminal justice system is a criminal profiler. For those who are unclear about what a career in criminal profiling entails, an author by the name of Brent Turvey evaluates the job clearly as follows, “a discipline that will necessitate the careful evaluation of physical evidence, collected and properly analyzed by a team of specialists from different areas, for the purpose of systematically reconstructing the crime scene, developing a strategy to assist in the capture of the offender, and thereafter aiding in the trial” (Fintzy, 2000, n.p.). This type of career generally requires a background in forensics and psychology. A criminal profiler is responsible for figuring out a suspect’s motivation for committing crime and creating a suspect profile. Therefore, criminal profilers are motivated to find the suspect, and also figure out why crime was committed.
Profiling is a method used by suggesting the offender’s personality and help to also determine the demographic characteristics of the suspect. When using the offender profile the officer or investigator must understand that this will not solve crimes. Profiling can also be used as a tool by investigators to help guide with what direction that the investigation may tend to go in (Hector, 2016). When using any type of information that may help to create information in profiling the investigator can look at how detailed the knot is tied. Also looking at what shape the victims clothes are in and making note to whether the clothes are torn, cut off and if the offender used any type of tools during the crime can also help in the profiling of the offender (Hector, 2016).
In my potential research, I hope to acquire successful interventions and programs that could replace that criminal state of mind to prevent future offenses. I plan to examine the community’s overall influences on individuals and explore resources and programs that will be crucial in reducing the crime rate. The concept of offender profiling interests me because I speculate that offenders who commit the same crime shared several characteristics which can be distinguished by age, gender, race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. I intend to determine why certain crimes are more common among people with shared characteristics and target that group to prevent future violations. The Master of Legal and Forensic Psychology generally captures the core of my potential capstone topic of offender profiling and crime analysis because it focuses on the psychology aspect of the law.