Arwa Al Meslat English 211 September 10, 2014 Ms. Lindsay Gail O`Dunn Vitiligo Have you ever saw someone with white spots?. This may occur because of a skin disease. There is a large number of skin diseases related to the change of the skin color like vitiligo. It is well known that many people do not have enough information about vitiligo, or about its symptoms. In the world population there is 1 of 200 suffers from vitiligo, which means 40 million people, or about 1-2% from the world population*.
In the United States alone, more than 36 million people abuse illegal substances, however, most of these are not caused by the prescription of opioids. A drug abuse crisis is overtaking the U.S. Drug abuse kills over 200,000 people worldwide each year, although only .002 percent of these deaths are caused by the prescription of opioids. 117 million people suffer from a chronic illness, many of which need the prescription of opioids to function on a daily basis. Even though many people abuse them, doctors should not stop prescribing opioids because they are necessary for many people to function, most people who abuse them have had problems with other substances, and most opioid-related deaths do not come from doctor prescribed pills. First, they are necessary for many people to function.
“Official statistics kept by the Oregon Health Authority show that about ninety percent of euthanasia patients were concerned about losing autonomy and not being able to engage in enjoyable activities. They also worried about loss of dignity (seventy-seven percent), losing control of bodily functions (forty-seven percent), and being a burden on their family and caregivers (forty-two percent).The hardships occur for the family members as well. Families often wonder if the treatment is worth the extra time and pain when, instead, they could die a “natural” death. For example, there are stories
Many patients with rheumatoid arthritis can develop lung diseases that affect their life. According to the Arthritis Foundation, “up to 80 percent of people with [rheumatoid arthritis] have some degree of lung involvement, which is usually not severe enough to cause symptoms.”  For instance, people who are at the last stage and have severe inflammation can develop a disease called pulmonary fibrosis, which is a lung disease that makes breathing difficult for patients. Because this disease has no cure, it usually worsens the patient’s condition over time. Furthermore, rheumatoid arthritis can affect the heart when the inflammation damages the endothelial cells that cause the blood vessels to form plaques. These plaques block the blood vessels and cause heart attack and stroke for the
Patients have suffered unnecessarily due to lack of health care, and “18,000 Americans die every year because they don't have health insurance” (PNHP). Health care is essential for Americans despite pre-existing conditions, and a free market insurance program would allow citizens to received the health care that is so desperately needed. A universal health care system is a matter of human rights and would solve America’s problem of one sixth of the population being
There is something wrong with the health care in America. People who live abroad in other countries understand there are issues with the United States health care system. According to “The Lancet”, the journal in the field of global health, “Fifteen percent of the population of America, or 37 million persons, have no health insurance or coverage (the highest in the industrialized world), one-third are children under 18.” So if they would fall ill, they could become bankrupt by paying out of pocket for medical attention. It would be better to change the American system to be more like the Japanese health care system. There are three main factors that could better change the American health care systems: accessibility, cost, and credit security.
When ObamaCare was passed, Americans were assured that it would provide insurance for 32 million people who did not have any coverage. Four years later, ObamaCare has covered far fewer new people, between 10% and 20% of what was promised, and about half of those were through an expansion of Medicaid—a burden that will eventually bankrupt the states—rather than through ObamaCare’s insurance exchanges. Most of the people buying insurance through the exchanges are those who were kicked out of their previous health insurance plans by new regulations. It turns out that if we liked our health insurance, Americans could not keep it. For some, this will be bad.
Social isolation is a huge public health issue for the aging population. Social isolation is the cause for nearly half of mortality in United States. According to the United States Census Bureau the population of adults 65 and older is going to increase by about twice the amount by year 2040 (Nicholson & Shellman, 2013). Social isolation has a huge effect on an older person’s wellbeing both physically and mentally. Someone who is experiencing social isolation is not likely participating in social activities or work.
During the twentieth century, gov- ernments started adding iodine to salt in areas where more than 1 in 20 school- children had enlarged thyroids.² Tragically, however, around a third of the world’s population – some 2 billion people – still do not get enough iodine, including some of those living in mountainous regions of South East Asia, Latin America and Cen- tral Africa.⁸,⁹ Despite our detailed understanding of the thyroid’s importance, these people remain at risk of serious and usually preventable health problems. Even in the UK some of us do not get enough iodine. One recent paper noted that unlike almost every other developed country, no national surveys have monitored iodine status in the UK since the 1940s.¹⁰ Despite this lack of evidence, many doc- tors believe that people in the UK receive enough iodine in their diet. New research now challenges this complacency. For example, two-thirds of women in the UK seem to be iodine deficient during pregnancy.¹⁰ Tragically, even mild iodine defi- ciency can leave a baby with a low IQ or can undermine school performance.¹⁰,¹¹ This may imply that many other people may also be deficient in this essential
It can be quite prevailing for individuals to have financial problems towards health coverage. Based on the Health Affairs reference, “In the last decade, health insurance premiums costs have increased by 80%... whereas 58% of Americans report they are not able to seek medical attention due to high costs” (Gary Claxton, Matthew Rae, and Nirmita Panchal, et al). Statistics also present many factors exhibiting millions of individuals facing the risk of losing their insurance. Above all, health insurance is a basic health necessity. Medical services being available to everyone will benefit the public health not only with quality, but along with quantity.
As a result, many hospitals fail to achieve a vaccination rate high enough to prevent the spread of the influenza virus. A recent article states that "only 42% of [health care workers] received the seasonal influenza vaccination during the 2005-06 influenza season" (Maroyka and Andrawis). Lower vaccination rates undoubtedly result in higher numbers of hospital-acquired influenza. In order for a hospital to reach an optimal rate of vaccination, yearly mandatory influenza vaccinations must be required, and the consequences for refusing the vaccine must be severe enough to motivate health care workers to receive
Various studies have shown that heart diseases are number one killer in America. It has been observed that rate of re-hospitalization of patients, aged 55 years and up, suffering from suffering congestive heart failure is quite high than other ailments. Many researchers have pointed out that inadequate patient education at the time of discharge is one of the reasons of increased rate of readmissions in CHF patients. Many studies show that the lack of self-reliance and gist of self-care management are the root cause of re-hospitalization. Now the question arises that who will be accountable for this deficiency; the nurse educator, the patient itself, healthcare facilities and professionals, or other circumstances.
Medicaid relates to critical race theory in how many low income individuals are able to access health care nationwide. According to PBS News Hour (2015), “ In California, 3 million more people than expected have enrolled in Medicaid, but that success has exacerbated longstanding shortages of some kinds of care” (para. 1). This directly relates to social work practice in that I could have client’s that will be affected with the changes. People could have a hard time trying to find providers in their areas for their specialty needs, that will also take Medicaid as payment.
Medication administration errors occurs 34 percent more often than any other preventable error. These errors directly impact patient safety. According to the Institute of Medicine (IOM), there are approximately one million patients harmed in hospitals across the United States. Studies support barcode scanning medication during medication administration can prevent this type of medication error (Marx, K., Stoudenmire, L.L., & Manasco, K.B., 2013). It is report that barcode medication administration (BCMA) may reduce medication administration errors by 86 percent (Gooder, V., 2012).