Although the U.S and the Soviet Union had formed a military alliance to defeat a mutual enemy, the two nations – ideologically extremely different – remained cautious of the other. United States’ democratic ideals contradicted that of the authoritarian and communist Stalin, leading to increased tension between the two nations. The conflict between the two opposing ideologies escalated as the Cold War dawned upon the nations. Military, although never used to fight the other nation directly, was used to fight proxy wars in other countries; as both nations tried to defend their ideals and prevent the spread of the others’ ideology/sphere of influence aggressively (Lippman, 25). Proxy wars were fought in Korea, Greek, Afghanistan and Vietnam (Hurst, 130).
This resulted in loss of oil revenue being cut off from Iran, despite the government compensating for the loss of worker’s income by maintaining them on their payroll. Foreign (especially British and American) dissent for oil nationalization pressured the Shah in dismissing Mossadeq in 1952, however, Mossadeq was returned to office following mass demonstrations in his favour. Despite all this, British and American hostility to nationalist agenda remained firm - they were unobliging to the Iranian’s
For many years, The Cold War was the issue of a fierce debate regarding who or what exactly was the reason that caused it. On this subject, there are three schools of thought: the traditionalists, the revisionists and the post-revisionists. The traditionalists blame Joseph Stalin and the Soviet Union’s expansionist and violent diplomacy for being the starters of the war. “Besides violating the agreements made at the Yalta Conference in February 1945, Stalin completely disregarded the United Nations because he intended to expand and dominate his sphere of influence in Eastern Europe.” (Nye 118). The revisionists kept insisting on blaming the American expansionism rather than the Soviet Union’s wish to spread communism into Eastern Europe.
Contextualization and introduction The Vietnam War served as a major turning point of the Cold War, during which the American public split in its support of the conflict. As a proxy in the superpower conflict between the United States (US) and the Soviet Union (USSR), the US entered to support the South Vietnamese who were at war against the communist North. To support the South and its Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), the United States sent military advisory, conducted airstrikes, and committed ground forces with the hope of curbing the growth of communist ideology in the Asian sphere of influence through a communist defeat. However, the American military ultimately did not apply full force against the Northern combatants under the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN/NVA) and Viet Cong (VC). Despite investing considerable quantities of human and material resources to support the South’s fight over control of Vietnam, the focus often diverted to concurrent threats such as West Germany.
The United States saw it necessary to keep up with European powers in Asia, especially in the Manchurian region of China and at the same time avoid foreign intervention or investment in Latin American markets. Three different foreign policies, Big Stick Diplomacy, Dollar Diplomacy and Moral Diplomacy
After the World War II there was a lot of tension between the superpowers of the world. The universal goal was to maintain peace and ensuring post-war security, but each side had a different way of getting on with their ambitions. The democratic states tried to expand democracy throughout the world to make it easier to discuss their divergencies. As for the Soviets, they believed that by expanding their territory and controlling the countries that bordered them, they’d achive greater security. So they took control of most of Eastern Europe countries and imposed communism.
From the time that World War II ended in 1945 through 1991, The United States of America (USA) and its once World War II allie, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR or the Soviet Union),were engaged in 46 years Cold War. The Cold War was not a fighting war, but a war of ideas (Capitalism versus Communism). In the Cold War the The United States of America was trying to contain communism while the Soviet Union was trying to spread communism. This all started with Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels who created a book called Das Kapital in 1867. The book talks about how capitalism would collapse and communism will take over.
For instance, the reforming efforts were undermined when Prince Gong, who had been willing to cooperate with the Westerners and recognised the need for change, was replaced with the incompetent and conservative Prince Chun. In addition, Empress Cixi constantly oscillated between reform and reaction, giving no consistent backing to the provincial reform efforts. Large amounts of capital for the self-strengthening movement were also diverted for her extravagant purposes, thus creating further setbacks for the modernising efforts. Therefore, the consequence of China’s political reforms was that the lack of a common vision amongst the officials led to lack of focus in changing policies, thus little change could be enacted. In conclusion, China’s attempt to modernise ultimately failed because of the lack of coordination amongst the officials and the people.
Political stability is the lastingness, the durability and the strength of a government regime (Ask.com, 2014). A stable political system will have a stable government system too. Therefore, a stable political system will have less or almost no internal warfare or conflicts and huge changes in the government. Political stability also means that the environment is secured, reliable and the people have trust on the government and can count on the government. Revolution, terrorism and confrontation will not take places if there is no political instability in a regime.
Both are mutually beneficial because while we support them with military force, our treaties allow us to legally establish US military bases within their territory and legitimizes US forces’ navigation of surrounding waters under these countries’ jurisdiction which is indispensable to project our military prowess and hopefully deter hostile countries from showing theirs. Our presence in the East Asia ensures stability and perpetuates the status quo. US military bases acts as the mediator for ROK and Japan to work together and not ally themselves with China or Russia. If the US acts on its decision to withdraw from our signed treaty, other allies may be doubtful and not trust previous agreements we’ve signed and we will sign from today onward. Our words will lose its binding powers and would never be taken seriously.