With the development of legal systems and the end of the Second World War, human beings pay more and more attention to their undeniable rights. Many struggles have done in order to achieve the equality of human rights and to against the violence of them within humans. However, whether human rights only belongs to human beings is a controversial issue. There are various opinions about if chimpanzees, which are the most complex non-human animals(Waldau & Whitman, 2002), also deserve human rights. This paper would argue that chimpanzees should be granted some of the basic human rights.
He offers two kinds of moral consideration: the well-being of the natural community and the protection of the natural individual. Whereas, other ethicists such as Tom Regan emphasizes the rights of animals and his goal of liberation of animals. This paper will focus on the Katz’s two moral considerations, the distinction between the two considerations, Regan’s view on
The desire to venture and roam freely is a defining right of what it means to be a living being. Especially in a day and age where freedom is a prime factor of society. To really compare humanities, knowledge, philosophies and accomplishments, with the rights that animals have would be quite irrational. As irrational as these beliefs are, humanity the more superior species must acknowledged their duties to keep these living organisms safe as they all provide a purpose for the outside world in an ethical point of view. Holding these animals captive Zoos deprive them of their natural rights that in turn violates humanities very own beliefs and morals.
In the article, All Animals Are Equal, author Peter Singer asserts that we ought to give the same admiration to the lives of non-human creatures as we provide for the lives of people that all creatures, human and non-human, are equal. In the article Singer argues 3 different points. Equity, moral thoughts, and moral importance. Singer starts shows equity by explaining how decency does not require measures up to rights. For example, he talks on how puppies are not equal being that they do not really know what voting is and they do not have a benefit to vote.
A phylogeny is the branch of biology that deals with phylogenies, also it is a visual representation of evolutionary history and enable to reconstruct a phylogeny is to be able to analyze the similarities in characteristics of different organisms. Cladistics is a classification of animals and plants according to the characteristics that these organisms have in common. The more characteristics they share, the better you can make the conclusion that they have a common ancestor. A monophyletic group is an organism(s) that comes from a common ancestor that is not shared with any other. Synapomorphy is a characteristic in an ancestral species and shared by their evolutionary successor.
Personally I believe that the experimentation on animals for scientific and medical should not be stopped. The contribution of animal testing is significance. A report from California Biomedical Research Association states that nearly every medical breakthrough in the last 100 years has resulted directly from research using animals. For example Diabetics used to be the disaster to humans before the insulin was found. Frederick G. Banting solved this problem by doing
Webster’s Dictionary defines individuality as “the quality that makes one person or thing different from all others”, and conformity as “behavior that is the same as the behavior of most other people in a society”. John F. Kennedy says, “Conformity is the jailer of freedom and the enemy of growth.” Oftentimes, much like in Kennedy’s case, individualism is praised over conformity, labeling the former good or courageous and the latter bad or lazy, because individuality fuels change, whereas conformity prompts a societal stasis. However, it needs to be taken into account that humans are, in Aristotle’s words, social animals and thus, in societies as complex and intricate as ours, stasis suggests stability, which is not necessarily bad. There are two sides to every medallion, and this particular medallion has captured the attention of countless thinkers. Among these thinkers were Aldous Huxley and Ray Bradbury.
This approach focuses on being empathetic and on thinking about the effects of choices on the happiness or suffering of the people or animals concerned. Just as in other religions and traditions, humanism has its version of “The Golden Rule” which basically involves the thought “Treat other people in a way you would like to be treated
Furthermore, in Human Traits in the Animal, John Burroughs does a great job on describing how humans and animals have some of the same characteristics. “We are all made of one stuff the functions of our bodies are practically the same” (37); obviously, we live differently but we live with a similar mindset, survive, love, and strive. I believe if you put both readings together and unite the thoughts, our human selves would be able to coexist better with our animal surroundings. “What do you want to be when you grow up?”, I believe is one of the most incoherent question ever.
There would have not been any explanation which explained how we share similarities with other hominids. This shows how we have diverged from one common ancestor. Charles Darwin, the father of evolution, has enabled us to find how we all have come from one common ancestor. His theory of natural selection is a process which allows genetically stronger individuals; individuals who are best suited for the environment survive and pass down their favored characteristics