It is therefore true that citizens of a community are morally obligated to voluntarily participate in the maintenance of that community for the common good of the society. According to Cameron et al. (377), American poet Ralph Waldo Emerson says “there can be no high civility without morality” which implies the extent to which morality affects human existence. Without morality, people would be free to do as they choose without being held morally responsible. However, the obligations set by self or peers which do not necessarily meet personal desire but
Yet, one must be causa sui to achieve true moral responsibility. Hence, nothing is able to truly be morally responsible. Strawson 's whole purpose of writing the article is to change anyone 's mind who says that we should be responsible for the way we are and what we do as a result of the way we are. He believes we are lacking freedom and control of doing so. He argues that if we do something for a reason, that is how we are, so we must be responsible.
To live with acceptance towards the things one cannot change and strength to change the things one can By seeking the truth you should be aware of the people and world around you. One cannot gain truth by being ignorant towards human interactions and world believes. A person should live with an open mind and open heart. Living with sympathy broadens your view on what the truth possibly could be. I believe that there can be different views on what is believed to be true and false.
Family is your foundation of your values, security, freedom, and morals in life. Without a good foundation, you will not learn how to properly go with the flow in your community, where there are a lot of things to learn about. People have different attitudes, traditions, and beliefs. You must learn how to socialize with different types of people and especially how to follow rules and government laws. There are a lot of things to be taught to a person before he/she can totally be independent in dealing with other people, with his/her own feelings and attitude, and especially in the society.
In Lesson two the author discusses ideas and theories of morality from a comprehensive perspective. This chapter addresses consequentialist, which is those who are concerned with consequences, and non-consequentialist which are those that have no regard to consequences which are major viewpoints when it comes to ethics. How a person views possible consequences helps them decide what actions to take. Keeping this in mind people regardless make moral decisions based off their own personal interests whether it be for benefit of oneself or benefit for all. The two ideas from this chapter that caught my interest are the relationship between Ethical egoism and utilitarianism.
Values are the things we grasp and learn from our parents and our environment from our childhood. Morals on the other hand are the fundamental beliefs established from the value systems of how we should act in any certain situation, while ethics are defined as how we actually do in the aspect of complicated condition that check our moral character. These are the rules we live in a civil and unprejudiced society. We use them to guide our dealing with others, with our friends and family, in our businesses and professional. Furthermore, social ethics has more to do with what is good and right for a society to do and how it should act as a whole.
• Stage 4. Maintaining the Social Order. The child/individual becomes aware of the wider rules of society so judgments concern obeying the rules in order to uphold the law and to avoid guilt. Individuals in this stage look to the society as a whole for guide about right or wrong. Individuals in this stage know that rules are necessary for keeping society running.
In other words, he regards that men should have autonomy and ruled not by the authority of a small group of people, named a state. However, this notion of state has been criticized because without the state society cannot maintain its peace and order. If there is
1. Buber’s Conception of Realization and Dialogical Philosophy Martin Buber’s existential philosophical view has not supported by subjectivist or individualist understanding rather than it has supported by the principles of the reciprocity, encountering and the unity or wholeness of the human being. Hence, the only word is to summarize his overall philosophy is ‘relation’. In a deep sense, this kind of relation has a dialogical characteristic. So what is this dialogical relation?
Teach yourself not to lie to yourself and to others. It is very important to know that there is nothing good that will come out of disloyalty. Let people wish to be you by seeing the good things you are doing to yourself and to others. Live your life to have a positive impact on others. You have to live your life as a role