Tsunamis happen when the plates on the crust of the earth move, therefore moving the entire plate so that the water rises and is pushed forward, therefore causing a tsunami (Drohan, 2009, p.21). These tectonic plates are everywhere, under everything from the biggest mountain to the smallest hill. Though it is infrequent, volcanoes have been known to cause tsunamis. It happens when to volcano begins to erupt, but instead of coming out from the top of the volcano a lateral blast shoots out from the side. Next, a quickly moving avalanche of lava pours into the water near it causing the wave to travel to distant coastlines (Springer, 2005).
Convection Currents The Alaskan Way Viaduct will collapse if an earthquake happens. Tectonic plates rubbing together causes an earthquake. What causes them to rub together? An earthquake happens through a sequence of cause and effect. Altogether, temperature, density, and convection currents work together to cause an earthquake.
Hawaii was molded from underwater volcanoes. Off of the coast of California, the island of Santa Catalina was rising due to earthquakes beneath the surface. “It began rising… as a result of heightened earthquake activity”(Los Angeles Times Santa 2). The earth constantly
Following the gentle explosions of the pre shield stage, the submarine phase begins with pillow lava eruptions. The volcano slowly makes its way up to sea level and the submarine phase ends when it is shallowly submerged. The explosive phase begins when the volcano breaches the surface. Upon contact to air, a large amount of steam is produced and the lava becomes volcanic ash. Following the explosive phase is the subaerial stage which primarily consists of the “shield” shape forming and landslides.
Subduction is the process when in which one tectonic plate moves under the other, sinking into the mantle as the plates converge. Regions where subduction takes place are known as subduction zones. Subduction zones tend to have very high rates of earthquakes, volcanism, and mountain building. Some examples of volcanoes that are located above subduction zones would be Mount St. Helens, Mount Etna, and Mount Fuji. Furthermore, the strains, which are a result of plate convergence, are known to be the cause of at least three different types of earthquakes.
Although the city faces regular avalanches and the possibility of landslides the town’s major hazard is earthquakes. Earthquakes are the biggest threat to Juneau. The city has a history of very violent earthquakes. The earthquakes in Juneau are caused by crustal stress accumulated by the North American and Pacific plates. The city also experiences activity from the Queen Charlotte-Fairweather fault system.
Seismic waves are made when some kind of energy stored in Earth’s crust. Natural events such as volcanic eruptions and meteor impacts can cause earthquakes, but most of the naturally-occurring earthquakes are activated by movement of the earth 's plate. The Haiti Earthquake included many details common to Earthquakes and caused damage and destruction to property and lives that affected the region, but the area has recovered in its after math. Many parts of this disaster are common to Earth Quakes like the Haiti Earth Quake .Haitian capital of Port-au-Prince was a part and was also hurt. The disaster was a Earthquake it
00Earthquakes occur almost daily due to the fact that Costa Rica lies between two tectonic plates: the Carribean plate and the Coicos plate. These two plates push and shove each other causing small tremors throughout which can cause landslides,volcanic eruptions and once in a couple years, quakes with devastating results. The strongest earthquake recorded occurred in 1991 with a measure of 7.6 on the Richter scale. This earthquake left 4 dead and buildings as well as bridges and road were completely destroyed. If another Earthquake occurs, the coastal cities would be the most affected ones as they are closer to the plates.