The southern colony and New England Colony had many differences. The New England colony was based more in manufacturing while the southern colony was about agriculture as far as their economy. One big difference is that New England colony didn’t believe in slavery like the southern colonies believed. Slaves and indentured servants were the backbone of the Southern economy. They did much of the labor work for the southern colonies cash crops.
After the expeditions of Christopher Columbus in 1492 the new world would become to be the Americas, but first the establishment of the colonies would arise. Bringing forth the settlers and gentry to launch the new world into existence, which would be hard because of the many different settlers viewed. Although the struggles of the colonies and differences were many theirs unity among them prevailed. The 13 colonies were divided by six sub-regions which were New England, Atlantic Islands, Caribbean, Middle Colonies, and the Lower South. The southern regions are composed of five different states Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia.
Mid-Atlantic climate region consisted of mild winters (shorter than New England's) that led to a longer growing season. The mid-Atlantic colonial regions economy was a mix of farming goods and manufacturing. Farming consisted fairly large farms that used slaves and indentured servants as workers. Indentured servants were people who did not have enough money to came to the england colonies. The land in the Mid-Atlantic colonies consisted of rolling hills with incredibly rich soil.
Since the 20th century , the slavery has been broadly understood as forced labor. Slavery an based on a relationship of submission where one person sees another person and can exact from that person labor. African American got very hard time because they were seen as less than other people through their skin color and culture or low material. As they did not took their civil rights like other civil. From the 1600s, African Americans were treated as slaves for white people.
There are similarities and differences in the Virginia and Maryland colonies .They both used agriculture, had slave societies, and had representation governments. But they certain crops they planted , how their social structures were and the assemblies in government were different. Agriculture was the main source of money for Virginia and Maryland. Plantations in both colonies had good soil for planting., In order to make as much as possible from these cash crops, english men would come over to be indentured servants. Virginia and Maryland both had huge plantations and urban development, unlike colonies one New England.
New England, Middle, and the Southern colonies were alike in many ways. New England, Middle, and the Southern colonies were also different in a number of ways. To begin, New England's economy was powered mostly by manufacturing factories. New England colonies did not believe in slavery so the social standing were not the same. New England had a stronger economy.
Unfree laborers in the Colonial period were the institutional turning point of having slaves and indentured servants. Slaves and indentured servants were the primary means of the wealthy in America at this time and were seen throughout many colonies. Either as a slave or an indentured servant, the person was expected and required to work in fields to maintain crops, as a house servant, or of anything else the master chose for them to do. The treatments of both had their similarities but also having their differences. During this time period indentured servants were treated more fairly, whereas the slaves were treated unfairly.
However, the North was based on manufacturing. The North would benefit indirectly from slavery because the cotton used to produce their textiles would be from the South. However, the North did not depend on slavery because they had other resources to help flourish their
This treatment of other living beings assured the mindset of the Europeans that this type of discrimination and abuse is justified because the Natives were not really people but tools or labor to be used by Europeans. As the importation of African Americans into the Caribbean for sugar plantations and then into North America, specifically the English colonies became more common, slavery became more and more popular, with few people seeing the complete lack of morality there was. The Europeans did not expect when arriving first in America that they would eventually lead to slavery that would only be abolished in
Virginian landowners did not see the need to incorporate slavery nor wanted to participate in the practices that occurred in the West Indies since most of the Virginians were individuals who wanted to settle in Virginia with their families, rather than the businessmen who would return to England like it was in the Caribbean (Takaki 52). Eventually, due to the boom of tobacco as a commodity and the potential of its production overseas, more servants were needed to provide for the demand of labor. Some estates valued their indentured blacks more than their white counterparts, Takaki provides documents showing a landowner’s inventory and the differences in their production in comparison between black and white servants; this fluctuation can be attributed to blacks becoming indentured for significantly longer periods then those white servants from Ireland (Takaki 55-56). Because of the lack of regulation with indentured servants and the disenfranchisement of blacks, the trend began to shift from blacks indentured for life to selling blacks as property; during this period of time, wealthy landowners gained control of Virginian Assembly and pushed any ordinance that would benefit their business’s (Takaki 58). Seeing that unpaid labor was significantly more profitable than
The southern colonies were all agriculturally based but they had different structures due to how and by whom each was founded. Jamestown, Virginia and the Carolinas were structured very much on a hierarchy like the English feudal system. They had large plantation owners who were like the lords in England. They were dependent upon slaves and indentured servants (sort of like debtors). Even though the West Indies were also dominated by plantations, there was still a separation because it was French controlled.
In 1787, the Constitution was written to unite all of the states together. At this time, the Southern States were very agriculturally focused and the Northern States were very industrialized. There were some disagreements between the states regarding the Constitution and division began to take place in the United States. Slavery was a controversial topic at the time. Enslaving African Americans had been a problem since the early 17th century.
There is one major difference between the two. Religion in the Southern Colonies was not as enthusiastic as it was in the Northern, New England colonies. While most colonists were what they called Anglicans, their faith would lay in their tobacco plantations and not necessarily a god. The same was for the founder of Maryland who was catholic. But just like in other southern colonies, religion eventually became less important than tobacco in Maryland.
Although the New England colonies and Middle colonies have the same social beliefs, they do not tolerate those who have a different faith other than the Puritan lifestyle. The Middle colonies believed in more of a diverse culture with multiple religions, cultures, languages, etc. Now there’s the economy. The New England colonies were more of an industrial type of economy because most of their land was infertile. The Middle colonies mostly just relied on farmers, craftsmen, and merchants.
Beginning in the 17th century, European settlers began using African Americans laborers as a cheaper source of work. In southern American colonies, slavery spread like wildfire. African American slaves worked on tobacco, rice, cotton and indigo plantations. Most slave owners forbid their slaves from learning to read and write, and typically did not treat them humanly. In the early 18th century the rise to abolition movement began.