Andrew Carnegie was born on November 25, 1835 in Scotland and died August 11, 1919 in Massachusetts. He was an American industrialist who led the expansion of the steel industry. During Carnegie’s childhood, an economic downturn resulted in his family moving to Pennsylvania. At age 14, Carnegie became a messenger in a telegraph office, where he eventually became the secretary and telegrapher of Thomas Scott, a superintendent of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. In 1859, he rose above Scott as superintendent of the railroad’s Pittsburgh division.
The first railways were created in England and involved horse drawn carriages that moves along rails imbedded in the street. The English Richard Trevithick built the first full scale steam powered locomotive in 1802, it then proceeded to spread quickly throughout England becoming the quickest mode of long distance transportation. It wasn’t until 1830 that the US first started to develop steam powered locomotive of their own, before that the US had to import locomotives from Great Britain. Subsequent to seeing the immense potential of a railroad industry in America, locomotives and tracks began to be constructed seemingly overnight. As the East grew more connected, the idea to link the East and West by railroad arose, a concept highly disputed amongst Senate and Congress members over things like, if the railroad would be a southern or northern route, thus stalling the passing of a bill to assist rail line companies with the construction of a transcontinental railroad.
This route—the Mococo Line—was eleven miles longer than the line via Niles, but it avoided the steep grades across Altamont Pass. With this new route, the railroad had sown the seeds for several lasting West Side communities— Brentwood, Byron, and Tracy. J. L. Stewart, the construction engineer responsible for the San Pablo & Tulare Railroad project, chose the junction’s name. Lathrop Josiah Tracy (1825–1897), an Ohio grain merchant, was part owner of the SANDUSKY, MANSFIELD & NEWARK RAILROAD where Stewart had once worked. The young Stewart held Mister Tracy in such high respect that Stewart named the new town for his mentor.
The Rosendale Trestle is a 940-foot (290 m) continuous truss bridge and former railroad trestle in Rosendale in Ulster County, New York. Originally constructed by the Wallkill Valley Railroad to continue its rail line from New Paltz to Kingston, the bridge rises 150 feet (46 m) above Rondout Creek, spanning both Route 213 and the former Delaware and Hudson Canal. Construction began in 1870; when it opened to rail traffic on April 6, 1872, it was the highest span bridge in the United States. The trestle was rebuilt in 1895 by the King Bridge Company to address public concerns regarding its stability and sturdiness, and it was repeatedly reinforced until 1977, when Conrail closed the Wallkill Valley rail line. The bridge was sold in 1986 for
The Central Pacific Railroad The Central Pacific Railroad connected the states from east to west coast and provided efficient transportation for the United States. The Central Pacific Railroad is a rail route between California and Utah. It was built from the east coast in the 19th century; this railroad is the first transcontinental railroad of North America. Theodore Judah Was the first engineer who conceived and decided to build it and the Central Pacific Railroad. In 1862, the plan got financial backing from the Pacific Railway Act.
"I know only two tunes; one of them is Yankee Doodle and the other isn 't." Ulysses S. Grant was born April 27th, 1822 and died July 23rd 1885. He became president in 1869 and his second term ended 1877. Grant was a successful president because he signed the Civil Rights Act, Amnesty Act, and helped the 15th Amendment get ratified. The Fifteenth Amendment was ratified in 1869.
Transcontinental Railroad The largest single construction project ever undertaken within the country left approximately eighty thousand people dead, weighing in as the fifth deadliest construction project in the world. The Transcontinental Railroad shortened the distance traveled from the east coast to the west coast from months in a horse drawn wagon to only eight days by train. On July 1,1862 President Abraham Lincoln signed into law the Pacific Railroad Act. Asa Whitney, a New York businessmen tried for this project as early as the 1840’s, however, the 1850’s was the year that the United States Army Corps of Engineers was granted permission to survey the routes. It wasn’t until this time that he was granted permission due to the lack of
“I think a stalwart peasant in sheep-skin coat, born on the soil, whose forefathers have been farmers for ten generations, with a stout wife and half a dozen children, is good quality”-Clifford Sifton. Sir Clifford Sifton born on March 10th,1861 is one of the most accomplished Politian’s of his time, most notable for his assertive promotion of immigration to settle 20th century Canada’s west. Sifton moved to Manitoba in 1875 and Graduated from Victoria College in 1880, and was called to be a member of the Manitoba Bar in 1882. He was elected in 1891 as attorney general under Thomas Greenway. His fortification of the “national school system” brought him to distinction.
In 1863 President Abraham Lincoln delivered one of the greatest speeches known as the Gettysburg Address. Lincoln started off by stating, “Fourscore and seven years ago.” What exactly does President Lincoln mean when he says these few words? Those who do not know, a score is equal to 20 years. President Lincoln was in fact refereeing to 87 years ago, which would be 1776 when the Declaration of Independence was signed. Referring to such a defining moment in history were just one of the reasons why President Lincoln’s speech was so successful.
One of the finest technology invented in the 1800’s were railroads and locomotives( Also known as trains). However, trains were first developed in Great Britain in the early 1800s. Until Peter Cooper built the first locomotive in the 1830s. The train was called the Tom Thumb. That is when locomotives became popular in United states.
The building of the railroad would start when President Abraham Lincoln passed the Pacific Railroad Act of 1862 (Mintz, 2013). The government would pay $16,000 per flat mile, $32,000 for hilly mile, and $48,000 for mountain mile (Topic Page: Transcontinental Railroad, 2014). The companies were also given 16,000 acres of land on each side of every mile the laid (Topic Page: Transcontinental Railroad, 2014). The construction was undertaken by two railroad companies, the Union Pacific Railroad and the Central Pacific Railroad. The Union Pacific started in Omaha, NE and would build west, and the Central Pacific would build east starting from Sacramento, CA (Topic Page: Transcontinental Railroad, 2014).
When he invited President Lincoln to the Governors and Union with 75000 soldiers and asked to recruit the soldiers for 90 days only. When the Confederacy moved its capital to Richmond, Virginia, 100 miles from Washington, everyone expected a firm battle on the ground between the union and confederate cities. In the spring of 1861, 35000 Confederate troops led by General Pierre Beauregard moved north to protect Richmond from being attacked. Lincoln 's troops had nearly completed its requirement of 90 days and field commander, General Irvin Mcdowell, didn 't want to fight. Pressure to act, on 18 of July McDowell marched his army of 37000 troops in Virginia.
Canberra is located in the lands of the Ngunnawal indigenous people, it is thought that it was named after the aboriginal word Kamberra which means meeting place. In 1908 it was decided to build a new capital at Canberra, in 1912 Walter Burley Griffin (contestant 29) won the competition to design the capital city, there were 137 entrants in total. The city is located 150 kilometres inland, 660 kilometres from Melbourne and 281 kilometres from Sydney. In 1913 the foundation stone of Canberra was laid by the prime minister of the time Andrew Fisher. At first Canberra’s population grew slowly but after World War 2 it sky rocketed climbing from less than 25,000 to 200,000 in around 30