Neonatal Study In Nursing

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INTRODUCTION A hospital-acquired infection, also known as nosocomial infection, is an infection whose development is favored by a hospital environment, such as one acquired by a patient during a hospital visit or one developing among hospital staff, that becomes clinically evident after 48 hours of hospitalization. Nosocomial infections for the most part incorporate contagious, bacterial and viral infections and are exasperated by the lessened safety of individual patients. Some therapeutic procedures bypass the body's characteristic defensive hindrances. Since therapeutic staff moves from patient to patient, the staff themselves serves as methods for spreading pathogens. Late investigation by WHO found that human services partnered infections…show more content…
Pant Hospital, New Delhi, India; a tertiary care hospital. A cross sectional survey of 400 health care personnel was conducted from September to December 2009 regarding hospital infection control practices (hand hygiene, standard procedures, hospital environmental cleaning and needle stick injury). The mean knowledge regarding hand hygiene was 86.8% with insignificant difference among doctors and nurses. Doctors (71.3%) were more knowledgeable about standard procedure regarding the transmission of pathogens when compared to nurses (52%). Nurses used these maximal barrier precautions significantly less in comparison to…show more content…
Doctors and nurses were intervened for 1 year regarding the compliance and technique of hand hygiene before and after the program. Compliance of hand hygiene improved from 40% to 53% before and 39 to 59% after patient contact [9]. A cross sectional study was conducted using self administered questionnaires in January 2009 to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices among 256 physicians of 2 tertiary care hospitals in Lima, Peru. Response was 82%. Theoretical knowledge was good when compared to poor awareness (<33%)[10]. 864 Staphylococcus Aureus samples were collected from patients of Jinnah Hospital, Lahore. A cross sectional study and non probability purposive sampling was done between June 2007 and November 2008. 27.7% of isolates were found to be MRSA and was much lower than findings in other hospitals of Punjab. Maximum isolates (57.69%) were from endotracheal secretions and CV Catheters mainly in ICUs

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