Basham whose book, The Wonder That Was India (1951) was an early attempt at extending the parameters of Indian historiography. His book surveyed the different facets of ancient Indian culture without the prejudices that marked earlier European works. By the 1980s, there was another spur in Indian history writing that were influenced by the earlier nationalist historians. This genre of history is often referred to as communal history as it overplays myths and legends, while censuring all critical studies of the Brahmanical social structure and even support the caste system laid out in the manusmriti. The communal writers are heavily influenced by Hindutva ideologies and heavily criticise eminent historians that adhere to objective standards of historiography.
The poetry has been redefined in a way to be able to get to the modern society's cultural level. The modern poetry becomes more discreet and it uses the topics of everyday life spiced with emotions. The emotions of the human being began to depict a higher quality. By the poets, so to speak, the mankind adjusts to
Nevertheless, along with these newly established genres existing ones flourished as well. Among them the preference was given to poetry which was appreciated for its ability to express profound emotions and contradictions of human soul. The Romantic poetry was a passionate protest against the rules, conventions and limitations imposed by the previous age. It varied from the strictly upheld formal style of neoclassical writings in its subjectivity, spontaneity and freedom of expressions. The Romantic poems were constitutionally modified to cover the problems of the age.
The development of a focussed interest in the oral performative aspect of poetry is a recent phenomenon, noticeable particularly in funding initiatives such as the British Arts and Humanities Research Council’s “Beyond Text” program which supports among others, a research project on “British Poetry in Performance, 1960-2008”. However an academician or theoretician studying poetry in performance, or the oral aspect of poetry is studying a subject whose history is mostly undocumented. For many poets in the latter half of the twentieth century, performance was a crucial aspect in their art. The early 1950s saw reading tours by Dylan Thomas through the United States which increased the popularity of poetry readings at a time when Charles Olson
Because poetry is part of literature which is the oldest genre in literature history. Poetry usually uses words which don’t explain the meaning directly. It has many meanings and interpretations to every reader, we have to understand the surface meaning as known as denotative meaning first and then, the deep meaning as known as connotative meaning to unite the idea of the author. Analysis of comparing those poetry is to merge the main idea. It will be convey
It seems that he tried to expand the boundary of poetry by his experimental challenge in his poems against the conventional way of styles or forms. His idea is also applicable to this era. Since there are some senses that the conventional poetry we generally read are divorced from our everyday life, even if they are connecting to our reality, many of readers have difficulties to find meanings from the poetry and apply them to their real life. Therefore, clinging to conventional ways is not always the best strategy to live our lives, and this is even more so particularly in this period when everything changes so fast
Along with their ideals and values, modernist poets believed the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century poets had the ability to reinvent a language based on a variety of personal experiences. In essence, Pablo Neruda’s poem “I’m Explaining A Few Things” and Pablo
In conducting our research, we discovered that modern poetry originates in North America, United States to be more specific. Even though these poets were spoken word poets, their poetry was resistance poetry and an expression of rebellion. As we noted before that the origins of this contemporary form of performance poetry is found in oral tradition of African Americans, the descendants of the African slaves. We also discovered that the poets of the 1950s and 1970s used their poetry as a voice to express the needs of the black American people. Contemporary spoken word poetry started in America, in the 1950s as an underground political movement.
Following the period of Enlightenment, one of the most influential forms of writing came about—Romanticism. Romanticism evolved from one of the four ages of poetry, and it highlights what is lost in the Enlightenment. The four ages are iron, gold, silver, and brass. The Iron Age marks the beginning of time along with the beginning of poetry. The poetry in this stage is oral and its function is to celebrate the accomplishments of the chief or war captain.
This new movement was not only an artistic enlightenment, as the artists also practiced self-reflection, but also a politically-charged artistic movement. In their works, artists examined and questioned, authority truths, and values that society had accepted as unquestionable. In his poem, “Of Modern Poetry,” Wallace Stevens discussed the elements that were imperative for a modern poem, so it aligned with the revolutionary theme of the era. According to Stevens, the modern poem