Nuclear Deterrence In Cold War

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Nuclear deterrence refers to the concept of avoiding nuclear arms for diplomatic methods to solve an issue. The principle of deterrence is ‘first user’ which means a state is allowed to attack only in self-defence. States will attack for their protection but will retaliate if needed. As put forward by Thomas Hobbes “men are driven by competition, diffidence and glory.” Men seek for their own preservation, any threats will lead them to rebellion so as to be secured and save themselves. Nuclear weapon creates fear among each individual and state. A nuclear terror is enough to break the international peace. The end of cold war led to a change for the need of security around the globe and possession of nuclear power nuclear deterrence to function…show more content…
The disaster of nuclear attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki caused leaders to develop this concept using the SALT 1 which is an agreement including the agreement of states to apply nuclear deterrence in their country. However the agreement was never signed due to disagreements over the clauses included in the documents. Other concepts such as the INF (intermediate-range nuclear forces) and START (strategic arms reduction talks) were created. But states are now tied with the non-proliferation treaty comprising of five major nuclear power holders and they are the USA, Russia, France and China but now United Kingdom, India, Pakistan, North Korea and Israel also possess nuclear…show more content…
Bernard Brodie, in his seminal chapters on nuclear strategy in The Absolute Weapon in 1946, made the expectation of ‘‘huge devastation of peoples and territories’’ one of the central tenets of deterrence. And this strategy is still being used and the case of Arab countries can be used as an example Civilians and public infrastructures are being destroyed to gain power. Nuclear deterrence is not really effective as civil attack is unacceptable according to the UN charter and is military crime.Futhermore deterrence creates a situation of resistance rather than peace. And finally nuclear deterrence has relied on what today might be called a ‘‘shock and awe’ ’strategy: destroying cities in order to manipulate consequences of a
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