It's mainly because each substance has a different stability. The stability is based on the unbalance between the protons and neutrons. Protons that are positively charged and the electrons that are no surprise negatively charged. The number of protons and electrons the atom has, and the number of electrons it has gained or lost, results in different levels of stability. A substance which is less stable, will have a shorter half-life than a substance which is more stable.
This is simply a chart plotting the binding energy of an atom as a function of its atomic number (“Nuclear Binding”). The maximum in the graph around the atomic number of iron illustrates the transition from fission to fusion. Atoms with atomic numbers less than that of iron will require energy to be split apart as the binding energies of their constituent atoms are smaller, whereas atoms with atomic numbers greater than that of iron will produce energy when they split apart as the binding energies of their constituent atoms are larger (“Nuclear
The rods are made with cadmium, hafnium or boron which can absorb the neutrons. These are inserted or withdrawn from the core to control the rate of reaction or to temporarily stop it. This is so as in the process of fission, the release of some neutrons are delayed. In order to enable a smooth chain reacting system, the release has to be controlled in order to hold the precise criticality. 4.
The different amount energies released results in different color. This reason is the same reason that different elements have different line spectra. The quantum theory says that a certain amount of energy has be released or absorbed and Bohr 's said the same but with restrictions. The quantum theory would explain the vast differences in energy in color. The reason atoms need heat is because heat gives the atoms energy which causes them to move to an excited and then back to ground state.
The cis and trans isomers are diastereomers of one another. Therefore, in this experiment the product was determined by assessing the melting points of the compound and comparing it to the known value. Isomers are a molecule that contains the same molecular formula as another molecule but differs in their chemical
The pairs of electrons are called “shared pairs” or “bonding pairs.” The stable balance of attractive and repulsive forces between atoms, when they share electrons, is known as covalent bonding. This only happens between atoms of the same or very similar elements. Ionic bonding is the transfer of valence electrons between atoms. This chemical bond produces two oppositely charged ions. Metal elements lose electrons to become a positively charged cation whereas nonmetal elements let the electrons in to become a negatively charged
In the first step, the leaving group departs, forming a carbocation C+. In the second step, the nucleophilic reagent (Nuc :) attaches to the carbocation and forms a covalent sigma bond. If the substrate has a chiral carbon, this mechanism can result in either inversion of the stereochemistry or retention of configuration. Usually both occur without preference. The result is racemization.
Chemiluminescence is the process of generating light through a chemical reaction. This is due to the product of an excited electronic state that release a photon, or light, as it returns to the ground state. An excited electronic state is caused by the promotion of an electron to another orbital. The energy used to promote the electron will be lost either a radiationless energy or through the release of visible light, such as with the cases of fluorescence—involving the singlet electronic state, which has two unpaired electron with opposite spin quantum numbers—and phosphorescence—involving the triplet electronic state. Which has two unpaired electrons with the same spin quantum
Title: The Effect of the Amount of Salt (Mass) on The Density of Coloured Solutions Question: How does the Amount of Salt Solution (Mass) Affect the Density of Liquid Solutions? Background Research: Density is how light or how heavy something is, depending on its size. Density can determine an object’s mass or volume. If an object is more dense, it will sink and its atoms would be closely packed. When an object is not dense, it will float which will make the atoms loose.