Nurse Migration Disadvantages

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Review of Related Literature This aims to explore on the advantages and disadvantages of migration of nurses in the Philippines. There are several factors and barriers which contributes to migration. Different studies regarding nurse migration in the Philippines examined international as well as national perspectives and trends. Published journals and other literature search were performed using keywords such as nurse, nursing, nurse migration, and Philippines. Google, Sciencedirect, government websites, and international organization websites were the main sources of the search. Shortage of Nurses: International Perspective Globally, there is a need for nurses due to the increasing demand on different countries across the world. In 2013,…show more content…
Certain circumstances encourage nurses to work abroad. Major reasons are related to improved income and professional advancement (Newton, Pillay, & Higginbottom, 2011). The availability of jobs, opportunities for professional or career advancement, personal development, recognition of professional expertise, a professional work environment, sensitive employment policies, stable socio-political environments, quality of life improvement, attractive salaries, and social and retirement benefits are some of the factors which influences nurses to migrate to different countries. Some countries have good offers when it comes to salaries, benefits, and skills advancement. On the other hand, the reasons that pushes them to leave the country are following: low wage compensation, limited career opportunities, limited educational opportunities, lack of resources to work effectively, unstable and/or dangerous working conditions, lack of social and/or retirement benefits, an unsatisfactory or unstable political environment. These factors enables a nurse to migrate internationally. Nurses from poor countries are attracted to a more industrialized country for greater benefits (Li, Nie, & Li,…show more content…
The WHO estimated that 70 billion dollars are being received by the source countries from the healthcare workers abroad in 1995. The migrant nurses thus, provides additional financial support to their country of origin. Building of partnership between different sectors are one of the beneficial aspects of nurse migration. Furthermore, they can bring in new ideas and experiences upon working through different countries. They may have an enhanced knowledge and skills. On the other hand, the negative effects which the country of origin may experience is the subsidized educational expenditure. In some countries, nursing education was being subsidized by the government. Upon moving to other countries, the source country loses both the healthcare professional as well as the money invested in their education. According to Li et. al, 70% of nursing graduates in the Philippines decide to move abroad. Serving the country is a social responsibility, specifically when subsidized by the government. Leaving the country for personal reasons may denote social irresponsibility. However, nurses have the right todecide for themselves and obtain a better way of living, career advancement, and

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