Nursing Care Model Of Care

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Models of nursing care help support the delivery of high quality care. Models of care provide us with a theory about people, their environment, their health and the role of nurses in their care. Models of care provide guidance for planning and delivering care. These nursing care models aid the development of principles and philosophies at ward level or in a hospital setting. In the nursing profession there are numerous models of nursing care. Orem (2001) bases her care model on promoting and encouraging self-care and Roper-Logan-Tierney (2000) developed their model on the 12 basic activities of living. The aim of the Chronic Care Model is to transform the daily care for patients with chronic illnesses from acute and reactive to proactive,…show more content…
Discuss some of the common side effects experienced by patients receiving chemotherapy. The decision to receive chemotherapy involves consideration of the benefits and potential risks of treatment. Chemotherapy cause short term and long term side effects for the patient. Side effects occur as a result of damage to normal cells that divide frequently, examples include hair follicles, cells of the gastrointestinal tract and gonads. The side effects vary depending on the specific agents used in therapy, as well as the dose and the duration of treatment. Short term effects usually occur during the course of treatment and resolve within months of completion of therapy. Fatigue is experienced by all chemotherapy patients and will disrupt a person’s daily life on a continual basis. Nausea and vomiting is one of the most frequent and debilitating side effects of chemotherapy treatment. (Hesketh 2008) states patients report chemotherapy induced emesis as one of their biggest fears, but thankfully these symptoms now can be eased by anti-emetic drugs. Some side effects are tolerated for the drugs therapeutic effect, for example hair loss is a well-known side effect of many chemotherapy drugs. Yet while it can be distressing for the cancer sufferer to lose their hair, it is also accepted and tolerated as a normal result of…show more content…
Nurses play a crucial role in the management of pain of patients; discuss this statement with reference to the relevant literature. Accurate pain assessment is essential for effective pain management. Evaluating patient’s pain should be done routinely while also recording vital signs. Andrews and Boyle (2008) point out that nurses have certain expectations and attitudes to pain. However, perception is reality and the patient’s self-report of pain is what should be used to determine pain intensity. (Berman & Synder). Major barriers to better pain control for nurses and patients relate to inadequate reporting and assessment of pain. Many clients will not voice their pain unless asked about it, therefore the nurse must initiate the assessment. By taking a pain history the nurse can attempt to understand how the pain is affecting the patient and how they are coping with it. For those suffering from chronic pain, a pain history should gauge the effectiveness of current pain management and ways in which pain has affected the client’s physically, psychologically and

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