Introduction Since the ancient age of medicine till the present times, nurses and their professionalization through the exposure to advanced education and latest techniques has been a subject of very many significant debates. Worldwide, nurses have developed themselves into professionals with a great deal of knowledge, as witnessed by the development of nursing protocols and guidelines. Despite these progresses, it has been concluded by many studies and a thesis that nurse are not able to avail the fair recognition that comes with these advancements by the masses. Smith & Mackie identify and define stereotyping as ‘a cognitive representation or impression of a social group that people form by associating particular characteristics and emotions
The field of nursing has evolved tremendously. According to Hiroko et al. (2014), nurses are charged with connecting updated theories with patient care for advancing the practice of nursing. Having an evidence based practice is instrumental in accomplishing this task. Research has allows new information to be gathered pertaining to different health care issues.
Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing, is considered an icon in nursing society today. Florence Nightingale, being born to a wealthy family in Florence, Italy, acquired most of her skills and knowledge from her dad. Nightingale was considered very intelligent and enjoyed learning an array of subjects from her father. When Florence first decided she wanted to be a nurse her family wasn’t happy with her because nursing was considered as
Florence Nightingale influenced a social movement that impacted the development of professional nursing in the U.S. In 19th century before Florence Nightingale’s time, families and friends cared for their loved ones at home and there were untrained and uneducated women who worked in the hospitals. But Florence Nightingale changed all the chaos and improved hospital settings. Due to her passion of nursing, Florence Nightingale changed the condition of the health care systems and instituted nursing as a respected profession. She structured nursing schools for nurses as to become respected professionals.
There is a need for affordable healthcare for both the poor and middle class who often go uninsured and therefore unable to receive medical care (Ehrenreich, 1979; Mason et al., 2002, p. 35). For nurses it is important to take on leadership roles, so nurses can influence change by entering social, political, and economic arenas (Kleffel, 2006). To start, “nursing education should include subjects like political economy of health systems, environmental hazards, women’s studies, the history of social movements, and techniques and strategies of political organizing (Ehrenreich, 1979; Mason et al., 2002, p. 36). With proper education nurses can start to understand that they can bring about change and redefine the role of a nurse as an activist as well as an advocate (Ehrenreich, 1979; Mason et al., 2002, p.
Factors contributing to missed nursing care ranged from nurses’ values, perceptions, and socioeconomic factors (nurses’ accountability) to facilities scarce resources, staffing, and increased work demands (wards’ accountability). Additionally, this research article included the researchers own findings from a primary cross sectional study involving RNs from different wards in eight general hospitals aiming to test the effects of personal and ward accountability. The study included articles of established research from other related disciplines such as psychology, organizational controls and safety, hierarchical models, multilevel theory research, and other cross sectional studies. •Does the review rely on appropriate material (mainly primary source articles)? The review relied on appropriate material and used a majority of primary source articles.
Nightingale created social reform in healthcare and nursing. The Nightingale Fund was established after reporting her findings during the Crimean War to Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. She used the money to establish the Nightingale School of Nursing at St. Thomas Hospital in London. She wrote the book “Notes on Nursing, What It Is and What It Is Not,” which provided direction on how to manage the ill. The school taught hospital and home care nurses how to teach other nurses.
The two competencies addressed in this paper are Inter-professional Collaboration and Patient Centered Care. Following are discussions surrounding these competencies, concepts, terms, and relationships to theory. By addressing the role of nursing in shaping these areas, attention was focused on historical components, professional value. attitudes, and documentation based in evidence. The current areas that are influential in healthcare, such as political, financial, on a national and international levels were inspected.
A Master 's degree lasts for two years. Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) programs include advanced coursework in biostatistics, research methods, care of special populations, clinical outcome measures, organizational management, infomatics, and healthcare policy and economics, and completion of a research residency. Some pursue the Doctor of Philosophy as a terminal degree. PhD in nursing is the highest level education which enables you to conduct research and teach. They also participate in patient advocacy and in the development of some healthcare policies at local, state, and national level.
Both have a similar route to acquiring licensure starting with master’s education, passing a national certifying exam to become nationally certified then state licensed. However, the difference in education is that medical school curriculum is disease centered and focuses on disease pathology, anatomy and physiology. This differs from NP school nursing model curriculum which focuses on the patient’s as a whole person. Scope of practice is similar in that both provide medical management including diagnosing, treating, and interpreting tests; but the NP emphasizes on the nursing model when treating the patient, whereas the PA treats the diagnosis rather than the patient due to the philosophy and values of schooling. Prescribing authority for both health care team members are similar.