ANA Code of Ethics & Population Health Nursing The American Nurse Association Code of Ethics is a tool for professional nurses, to use as a guide, when serving the patients and the public. The code of ethics is designed to aid nurses when making decision regarding human rights in situation of life and death. As nurses, we are to inform, and aid the public in achieving health, safety, and wellness of all people. Population health nursing is also committed in achieving overall health of the United States population. Population health is the defined as the distribution of health outcomes within a population, the determinants that influence distribution, and the policies and interventions that affect the determinants (Nash et al, 2016).
6. Bill of Rights: This topic is taken from module 6.1 of BMN03 of the Ethical Issues in Nursing Practice. It is all about human rights and dignity, that is the patient’s bill of rights, the eight key areas in the bill of rights, the major goals, and uses of the bill of rights, freedoms to be given to the patient, then the evidence-based report on the relationship between ethics and rights. 6.1 Personal context: Personally the patient’s bill of rights includes the laydown guideline that ensures patients are protected and get accurate information, fair treatment and autonomy over medical decisions with other rights and it is formed on the basis of ‘’RIGHT TO LIFE”. It works to meet patients’ needs and at the same time respecting their rights.
As assessment is integral to the nursing process it is also incorporated into nursing models. Assessment is necessary during all nursing activities e.g. assisting an individual with their hygiene needs, taking observations or during repositioning/manual handling techniques. Orem’s model is a particularly effective tool in carrying out assessment as it has a practical approach in identifying patients’ needs by encompassing their universal, developmental and health deviation self-care deficits. ‘’Having a conceptual nursing model to practice may enable nurses to gather a detailed database that identifies actual and potential healthcare problems’’ (Capers, 1986).
Grounded in caring and a commitment to do good, professional responsibilities are reflected in societal expectations (Humphries, & Woods, 2014). Suitably, ethical nursing practice is dominant in Nursing Council of New Zealand (2012 a) competencies and is evident across all four domains. Even so, complex clinical situations that are ethically incongruent or ambiguous in nature, challenge a nurses ' professional judgement. This essay intends to examine an ethical decision-making process throughout a clinical scenario. A four-box methodology will be employed to examine the ethics of the situation and provide guidance in reaching appropriate decisions.
It involves choices and judgements about what to do or what not to do. Ethics offer a formal process for putting moral philosophy into practice. Nurses are also a practicing philosopher; they studied medical or nursing ethics which is a set of moral and practical guidelines that influences nursing decisions. (Burkhardt & Nathaniel, 1998) Nursing ethics is a set of shared values of principles that govern the way nurses dealing with patient, a patient’s family, other members of the health professions and general public. According to the CLPNA, the code of ethics articulates the ethical values and responsibilities that Licensed Practical Nurses (LPN) uphold and promote, and to which they are accountable.
The aim of this assignment is to describe an ethical dilemma from nursing practice and by using an ethical framework critically analyse the main issues arising from the problem. The essay will discuss the definition of ethics and it will briefly discuss the main theories of ethics. It will examine an ethical dilemma surrounding organ transplantation and it will analyse the conflicts by using the main principles of ethics. Finally, it will give recommendation in relation to ethics and its application to nursing practice. Ethics is a branch of philosophy which is concerned with defining the concepts of right and wrong and the morality of human actions and decisions (Chaloner, 2007).
In order to determine how a nurse works as a professional, it is important to first define the duties of a nurse. Potter et al. says that according to the American Nurses Association, it includes: "the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities; prevention of illness and injury; alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response; and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations" (2015, p. 2). While ideas of what constitutes professionalism in the field of nursing have long remained the same, nurses are now held to an even higher standard. In addition to traditional values, nurses are now expected to strongly advocate for their clients, rather than subscribe to the old model of simply following the doctor 's orders (Williams & Hopper, 2015).
Philosophy, as stated by Black (2017), “is a set of beliefs about the nature of how the world works. A nursing philosophy begins to put together some or all concepts of the metaparadigm” (Black, 2017, p. 177). According to the text, a nurses’ philosophy should consist of their values, beliefs, and attitudes and applied to the metaparadigms of nursing. My personal philosophy of nursing, which describes what nursing means to me, is based on the nursing metaparadigm concepts of person, environment, health and nurse. The main ideas that revolve around my personal nursing philosophy include an empathetic and holistic approach of care for all patients.
As per the ontology of nursing discipline Nurse patient relationship is the core of discipline. Discipline is, “the study of humanness in the health circumstance” Smith and McCarthy(2010). Cited Lichfield and Jondorsdottir. Nursing has a disciplinary goal to contribute the health of individual and the overall health of society. As per the ontology of nursing practise nursing is Relationship centered care.All nursing theories are greatly influenced by philosophical assumptions and it helps to describe nursing practice, education and research Meleis( 2011) “Nursing encompasses autonomous and collaborative care of individuals of all ages, families, groups and communities, sick or well and in all settings.