Nursing Student Perception

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Literature Review The purpose of this literature review is to garner information about nursing student’s perception of nursing and identify factors influencing readiness for the profession. Perception as defined by the Oxford English Dictionary (2010) is characterized by ones awareness and understanding of sensory information attained through interaction between past experiences and one’s own culture and interpretation of the perceived. Nursing students’ perception of nursing has been influenced greatly by various factors and these factors initiate readiness for the nursing profession. Apesoa-Varano (2007) states that nursing perception and professionalism is plethoric. Students enter the nursing programme with the belief that nursing evolve…show more content…
Hospital wards have been the traditional clinical placement setting for nursing students. Newton, Jolly, Ockerby and Cross (2010) purports that practice in the clinical setting is a requirement to ensure fitness to practice as a nurse. From an educational view, clinical placement is the avenue where skills, knowledge and attitudes developed in the theoretical part of the curriculum are applied, developed and incorporated. Wang, Shang and Jin (2005) asserts that after visiting the clinical area for a week, nursing students begin to dislike the nursing profession however Holsem (2010) stated that the development of confidence during clinical experiences places emphasis on the openness about expectation, time of reflection and been welcome and appreciated. If these priorities are put it place nursing students clinical experience will be effective as they look forward to gain additional knowledge and skills to tackle the world of work but if this knowledge and skills are not garnered through effective clinical experience nursing students will fail to gain confidence and high levels of competency to venture into the world of…show more content…
Despite the concern and requirement for competency in nursing practice, there is not a universal definition of competency in the literature. Webster defines competency as “the quality of being competent, adequacy; possession of a required skill, knowledge, qualification, or capacity”. Webster (1993) defines the term “competent” as “having suitable or sufficient skill, knowledge, experience, etc. for some purpose; properly qualified. 2. Adequate but not exceptional.” Although there is a lack of a universal definition, common themes that emerge across the literature are competency being comprised of knowledge, skills and attitudes. A clinically competent nurse is able to assess the level of acuity, pick up subtle changes in the patient’s condition, effectively communicate this, and deliver the proper treatment and care with compassion and understanding. Competency plays an important role in the readiness for the profession of nursing being that the undergraduates must be able to apply their skills, knowledge values and good attitude, paired with critical thinking in order to produce a good level of care towards

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