The metaparadigm concept for the discipline of nursing describes the 4 concepts of nursing knowledge, a “global perspective of a discipline” and acts as a framework. It consists of 4 main concepts, person, environment, health and nursing (Masters,2011). The nursing model is a core of nursing which consists of a pattern of living while a person requires nursing. It is also a framework for the process of nursing which organise the process of providing the care and understanding to what care is needed in order to meet the needs of patients that are unable to provide for themselves. Nursing care can be tailored to suit each individual’s requirements and needs.
Alligood (2014) states that Boykin and Schoenhofer’s Theory of Nursing as Caring is an exception to this rule because “rather than providing empirical variables from which hypotheses and testable predications are made, the theory of nursing as caring qualitatively transforms practice” (p. 362). Alligood (2014) argues that the Theory of Nursing as Caring is focused on unique human interaction that cannot and should not be objectified and is therefore impossible to be founded in the empirical way of
The model interrelates concepts in such a way as to create a different way of looking at a particular phenomenon. The theory is relatively simple, but generalizable to apply to a wide variety of patients. It can be used by nurses to guide and improve practice, but it must be consistent with other validated theories, laws and principles. (Kearney-Nunnery, 2012) The third and final theorist I will discuss is Callista Roy. The Adaptation Model of Nursing was developed by Sister Callista Roy in 1976.
Philosophy of Nursing Education Philosophy of nursing is statements of belief about nursing and expression of value in nursing profession that are used as bases for thinking. Nursing philosophy signifies the belief or system of the profession that provides its perspective for practice. Nursing philosophy examines the relationship between truth and ideals in nursing. The examination of theses truth and ideals leads to beliefs that form the framework for nursing practice. Nursing philosophy forms the frame of reference for the scientific view of the nursing process through the development of a logical body of scientific evidence.
The purpose of this paper is to describe how nursing’s philosophical foundations influence nursing practice and my personal philosophy. My Philosophy I have always viewed nursing as an art; throughout history, nurses have derived conceptual models and theories from other disciplines to create nursing theories and apply them to clinical practice. “As nursing theoretical thinking has evolved, there has been a need to embrace both the practical aspects of practice while dealing with those questions that have classically been the purview of philosophy” (Pesut & Johnson, 2007, p. 116). In nursing, the term philosophy is viewed as the quest for answers to those questions that bring practice into perspective. By closely examining the conceptual framework of nursing, we
The two distinct practice concepts in nursing that I would take into account includes patient profile concepts which refer to those ideas laying the foundation for a patient-centered approach for nurses (Marriner-Tomey, 1989). The second specific practice theory in nursing is the professionalism concepts. The professionalism concepts are based on the delivery of professional nursing aspects, quality health care and health policy (Polit & Beck, 2013). By taking into account these concepts, it is a serious concern that the nursing fraternity will have been a better profession and industry catering for the well-being of humanity race. Therefore, being a nurse, I have to take into consideration all the aspects that would enable an efficient delivery of quality services (Dossey, 2010).
Nursing Metaparadigm The metaparadigms in nursing knowledge are human beings, environment, health, and nursing. Nursing Philosophy Therefore, a philosophy of nursing would be a broad statement that would generate general ideas about specific values or beliefs. Alligood (2014b) stated, “Philosophies present the general meaning of nursing and nursing phenomena through reasoning and logical presentation of ideas” (p. 42). For example, Notes on Nursing: What It Is and What It Is Not, where Nightingale answers the broad, yet complex, question, “What is nursing?” (Nightingale, 1946). Metaparadigm The four metaparadigms of nursing include human beings or person, environment or society, health, and nursing.
Nursing Theorists and their Theory 1.Florence Nightingale- Nightingale’s theory of the Environment is mainly focused on the environment, she believed that, the environment has a great importance that can be used to improve and encourage healing. With proper ventilation, clean air, lack of noise , proper lighting, and adequate elimination of waste. Are a few factors she believed and can be observed and maintained. 2.Sister Calista Roy- Roy’s Theory is based on, in which the individual views biopsychosocial being, in which a person adapt with the constant change of the environment. She believes nursing is needed when stressors or weakened coping methods can make the persons attempts of ineffective coping mechanisms.
Philosophy of Nursing Everyone’s values and beliefs about the profession of nursing are all different. The four concepts of nursing are interrelated and all mean something different to every person, too. Throughout this paper, I will be reflecting on my values and beliefs about nursing through the four concepts while comparing them to a nursing theorist with views that are most similar to my own. My Values and Beliefs of Nursing I believe that nursing is focused on the holistic care of individuals and their families in order to achieve and maintain an optimal level of health, a great quality of life, and comfort. This is done through promoting healthy living, providing a safe environment, preventing illness, and caring for the individual
Orem affirms the theory of nursing systems defines exactly how the patient 's self-care essentials will be resolved or met by the patient or nurse (Self Care Deficit Theory, 2014). Orem classifies three classifications of nursing systems to encounter the self-care conditions of the patient. They are categorized as wholly compensatory system, partly compensatory system, and supportive-educative system (Self Care Deficit Theory, 2014). Nursing systems are a “sequence and structures of measured applied engagements of nurses to protect any disease processes, detect any abnormalities and to bring that patient back to equilibrium (Self Care Deficit Theory, 2014). A good example of this theory would be the nursing process.