Focusing on the patient will help the nurse have a more detailed assessment of their needs; however, the family’s needs would not be assessed. The family’s needs can directly relate to the patient’s well-being. Findley (2013) discusses how CCM relies on a bridge between the healthcare providers and the community; however, it does not take into consideration those people who do not have resources readily available. These people could include those in rural areas where resources are too far away or those who cannot afford to partake in some of the resources nearby. CCM allows the patient to have more control over their care, making the patient more independent; however, the patient must have a good rapport with their care provider to continue the communication required.
Imogene King created a systems approach to help the nurse-patient relationship and further created the goal attainment theory. Kings Conceptual System The systems theory is an interactive system that helps further the nurse-patient relationship. This approach is based on three systems. Included in the three systems is individual, interpersonal and social (“Goal attainment theory,” n.d). “King 's conceptual system will provide the structure needed for organizing ideas into meaningful wholes” (Smith & Parker, 2015).
Orem affirms the theory of nursing systems defines exactly how the patient 's self-care essentials will be resolved or met by the patient or nurse (Self Care Deficit Theory, 2014). Orem classifies three classifications of nursing systems to encounter the self-care conditions of the patient. They are categorized as wholly compensatory system, partly compensatory system, and supportive-educative system (Self Care Deficit Theory, 2014). Nursing systems are a “sequence and structures of measured applied engagements of nurses to protect any disease processes, detect any abnormalities and to bring that patient back to equilibrium (Self Care Deficit Theory, 2014). A good example of this theory would be the nursing process.
However, perception is reality and the patient’s self-report of pain is what should be used to determine pain intensity. (Berman & Synder). Major barriers to better pain control for nurses and patients relate to inadequate reporting and assessment of pain. Many clients will not voice their pain unless asked about it, therefore the nurse must initiate the assessment. By taking a pain history the nurse can attempt to understand how the pain is affecting the patient and how they are coping with it.
The theory of self-transcendence is a middle-range nursing theory which was developed by Pamela Reed (Cramer, 2013; Smith & Liehr, 2008). Self-transcendence theory establishes a framework for healthcare providers through the promotion of well-being during life-altering events (Reed, 2008). In addition, this theory provides a holistic framework for nursing care focused on the relationship between persons and their environment (Reed, 2014). This can be achieved by creating self-transcendence activities that promote improved well-being through a broadening of personal boundaries (Reed, 2003). As a result, this facilitates the general public 's acceptance of grieving and loss while enhancing the individual 's self-awareness, resulting in
Application of Theory Dorotheas Orem’s theory of Self-Care Deficit notions of were that people should be self-reliant and accountable for their own care. If they are unable to or lack in they need to be helped which is where the art of nursing builds its blocks from. Orem mentions how people are very distinct individuals, and how a person’s knowledge of the potential health risks and problems are necessary in order to be aware of potential risks and signs and symptoms. In order to promote self-care and promote substance in the person’s life knowledge is the key. Orem identified the provisions also known as the ADL’s as a person’s intake of food, air and water.
OBJECTIVES to assess the patient condition by the various methods explained by the nursing theory to identify the needs of the patient to demonstrate an effective communication and interaction with the patient. to select a theory for the application according to the need of the patient to apply the theory to solve the identified problems of the patient to evaluate the extent to which the process was fruitful DEFINITIONS Nursing theory is an organized and systematic articulation of a set of statements related to questions in the discipline of nursing. "A nursing theory is a set of
It was created to help with nursing education, so it most applicable in that area. The nursing model is intended to guide care in hospitals, but can be applied to community nursing, as well. The model has interrelated concepts of health and nursing problems, as well as problem-solving, which is an activity inherently logical in nature. Abdellah 's theory identifies ten steps to identify the patient 's problem and 11 nursing skills used to develop a treatment typology. Faye Glenn Abdellah’s Theory 21 Nursing Questions The twenty-one nursing problems fall into three categories: physical, sociological, and emotional needs of patients; types of interpersonal relationships between the patient and nurse; and common elements of patient care.
Questions: 1. What nursing theory can you apply in planning for the care of Mr. FD? Support why you choose this nursing theory. I will utilized Orem’s theory which involves 3 central theories: Self-care theory, Self-care deficit theory and theory of Nursing System in planning care for Mr. FD. I chose this theory because of its suitability and practicality in the scenario provided.
It can also be classified according to the generalizability of the principles such as meta theory, grand theory, middle range and Practice theory. The basic Philosophical underpinnings of theories are divided then into Needs such as physical and mental need but it is criticized for depending too much on the medical model of health, secondly, Interactions which refers to relationships of nurses with patients but it does not attend to physical needs, thirdly is result which is a changing force that enables individuals to adapt and cope with illness but it is too abstract and difficult to apply And lastly,