Nursing Theory, Philosophies And Knowledge Base Practices

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Introduction Nursing knowledge developed from the period of Florence Nightingale until now through the development of nursing theories, philosophies and knowledge base practices. Nursing has a distinctive knowledge base and therefore it can be considered as a profession. As a profession nursing has a social responsibility to provide a knowledge base practice.,McCurry,Revell and roy((2009) Each discipline is having its own body of knowledge, Smith and McCarthy(2010).The term ontology has been used by Watson, who refers to ontology as the creative work in nursing that reflects caring and healing .Caring is the foundation of Ontological nursing. Watson (1999). As per the ontology of nursing discipline Nurse patient relationship is the core of discipline. Discipline is, “the study of humanness in the health circumstance” Smith and McCarthy(2010). Cited Lichfield and Jondorsdottir. Nursing has a disciplinary goal to contribute the health of individual and the overall health of society. As per the ontology of nursing practise nursing is Relationship centered care.All nursing theories are greatly influenced by philosophical assumptions and it helps to describe nursing practice, education and research Meleis( 2011) “Nursing encompasses autonomous and collaborative care of individuals of all ages, families, groups and communities, sick or well and in all settings. Nursing includes the promotion of health, prevention of illness, and the care of ill, disabled and dying people.

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