1. The theory of nursing system: The theory of nursing system describe nursing as actions performed by human (nurses). These actions are planned and discharged following the task of the nursing agency for individuals or group of people with health-related issues or limitations. Care provided can be self-care or dependent care and these include diagnosis, prescription and management. 2.
Models of nursing care help support the delivery of high quality care. Models of care provide us with a theory about people, their environment, their health and the role of nurses in their care. Models of care provide guidance for planning and delivering care. These nursing care models aid the development of principles and philosophies at ward level or in a hospital setting.
Nursing practice mostly is based on nursing theories which makes the nursing discipline a profession. The nursing theories have differentiates focus of nursing from other profession. Nursing theories provide direction and guidance for structuring professional nursing practice, education and research. Besides, nursing theories serve to guide on assessment, intervention and evaluation of nursing care in order to provide effective decision making and implementation quality of nursing care. Hence, I would like to implement Dorothea Orem’s self-care theory in my clinical area of practice.
Contribution Watson’s theory contributes to the discipline of nursing by using the value of human caring theory as an introductory idea and viewpoint for any health professional. Watson’s theory concentrates on caring in several health disciplines and is compatible with the caring attitude that nursing has had over time. The center of the human caring theory is about human caring relationships and the intense human understandings of life itself, not just health-illness singularities, as conventionally demarcated inside medicine. The concept is an exceptional way of being human, a unique way of being contemporary, observant, mindful, and calculated as the nurse operates with another person.
Watson’s nursing theories express that the mind, body and spirit of the patient should be taken into consideration. I agree with Watsons that while providing care the nurse should consider care base on the patient as a whole and not just focus on the disorder. I was taught to use Maslow’s hierarchy of need while planning and providing care for my patients. Maslow’s hierarchy is use to prioritize a patient need from life treating issues to love and belong. This hierarchy helps me to provide care which include the patient mind, body and spirit as Watson had
Effective communication is one of the most fundamental tools of the nursing practice. Communication involves two parties the conveyor and the recipient, in which information is exchanged through personal and interpersonal mediums (verbal and non-verbal forms), allowing the message conveyed to be received and understood. Ultimately effective communication in healthcare reduces barriers constructed by language and cultural differences etc, creating a safe environment for the client in which they can actively participate in positive health-related behaviours. This explanatory synthesis will explore the concept of self- awareness in relation to therapeutic communication and how it significantly influences nurse-client rapports. It will also
The practice involves the use of clinical decision in the provision of care to enable nurses to improve, maintain or receive health to cope with health problems and to achieve the best possible quality of life .Good nursing practice requires that practical efficacy .The authority for the practice of nursing is based upon a contract that determines professional rights and responsibilities as well as mechanism for patients accountability (Danjuma & Adeleke,2015). Ethical caring is an essential in nursing practice. Nurses are confronted with difficult situations in which they are expected to autonomously make decisions in delivering good care to patients.
Professional vigilance is the essence of caring in nursing. This article uses historical and theoretical bases to define professional vigilance and discuss its components. Two types of nursing diagnoses, central and surveillance, are proposed. Central diagnoses indicate the need for the nurse to plan and implement interventions for the achievement of outcomes. North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA)-approved diagnoses fall in this category.
Therefore, my PowerPoint presentation demonstrates how the human caring concepts of providing basic personal needs, creating a healing, caring environment, solving problems mutually, respecting all people and appreciating individuality can be applied to all forms of therapeutic nursing interventions in areas of practice, education, and administration. Develops therapeutic nursing interventions which may impact healthcare outcomes for individuals, families, populations, and/or systems (i.e. rural and underserved areas). My PowerPoint demonstrates how the concepts from The Quality Caring Model © can facilitate the provision of quality patient care by using therapeutic nursing interventions. Most notably, the research and the creation of my PowerPoint demonstrates how this model investigates exactly how therapeutic nursing interventions can be measured for their effects on patient outcomes using experimental designs, which has yielded favorable outcomes.
The Discussion paper of Mcarae focuses mainly on the relativity of Nursing models as an integral part for evidenced based practice in the services provided by nurses ,who has interdisciplinary roles that changes from time to time. Counterarguments for challenges against the nursing theory are discussed as well. He traced back the nursing model conceived by Hildegrad Peplau specifically providing a backbone for practice of the therapeutic use of self as an agent of change towards patients on all walks of life and not only for nurses practicing mental health nursing. This nursing model proved to be very amenable due to the described process in interaction which starts with orientation, identification, exploitation and resolution.
This leads to a process of actions and reaction resulting in an interaction. An interaction is the goal directed portion of relationship built upon perception and communication. This leads to a transition, which is when mutually valued, as goals are achieved. Building a nurse-patient relationship with good communication is the key to mutually work towards an attainable goal to improve the patient 's’ health and quality of life.
“Concept clarification is an important step in developing useful and useable knowledge in nursing science.” (Tofthagen, 2010). Within the home health field of nursing one of the major and most significant concepts is team work. Simply stated, concept analysis incorporates a method or approach by which concepts that are of interest to a discipline are examined in order to clarify their characteristics or attributes” (Cronin, 2010). Within a home health care team there are Registered Nurses, Physical Therapists, Home Health Aides, Medical Social Workers, Managed Care Coordinators, and Clinical Managers.
1. The metaparadigm of nursing illustrates the collective worldview of the shared concepts of the discipline, which are: the person, environment, health and nursing (1). The nursing metaparadigm is the framework for many nursing theories, values, and theoretical models, which help guide an advanced practice nurse in selecting appropriate interventions established by their chosen conceptual model. A conceptual model or advanced practice nursing theory provides an advanced practice nurse a logical structural model to follow, which is aligned with the discipline’s expectations. Advanced education prepares advanced practice nurses to employ a superior degree of clinical, research based and theoretical knowledge (2).
My personal philosophy of nursing seeks to incorporate the art of conveying nursing science holistically with care and human dignity. The four nursing metaparadigm concepts are described in relation to nursing as a science and an art and provide the base upon which my view of nursing and my personal philosophy are derived. As a nursing student at UIC, I am well aware of the fact that the best outcome for any patient may not be improvement in health, but rather, a dignified death during the end of life care. End of life care includes a significant quality in care and human dignity.
Reflective practice for nurses is when the individual critically thinks about their actions, thoughts and experiences and appropriately adjusts their practice to suit the healthcare system that rapidly changes every day. This critical thinking leads a person to increase their sense of self-awareness and their clinical competence will be improved (Bolton, 2010). During practice in healthcare, it is inevitable that you will experience problematic interpersonal relationships that can affect the way you are practicing. It is important after experiencing issues in practice, that you reflect in order to not disrupt the best possible care you need to provide after you’ve been challenged (Daly, Speedy, & Jackson, 2014). Nurses are constantly required