Nutrition In India

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The issue of nutrition has been the single large cause of illness and death in India. About 6 million deaths in India are due to the inability to meet the age-weight guideline standards. There are various direct and indirect schemes which are aimed at improving the nutrition standards. Some of the schemes which seeks to directly address the issue of nutrition are: i. Integrated Child Development Service/ Scheme (ICDS) The ICDS scheme was launched on 2nd October 1975 under the 5th Five year plan. This is mainly a health intervention which seeks to adopt a more holistic approach to improve the nature of both pre-natal and post-natal care of the child. It is central government scheme with emphasis on the maternal health care during pregnancy…show more content…
These programs were launched to enhance the admissions and retain students in the school to improve literacy and also to improve the health status of children. Under this program the target group is provided food supplements to provide 1/3rd of the total energy requirements and half of the proteins requirement. The scheme is aimed at providing about 350k calories to children. v. The Applied Nutrition Program This program was introduced as a pilot scheme in Orissa in 1963 and later on extended of Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh. The main objectives were the promotion of the consumption of protective foods like vegetables and fruits and to ensure this pattern of consumption for pregnant, lactating mothers and children. In 1973, it was extended to all parts of the country. The efforts also focus on nutrition education to rural communities. This idea also encouraged the idea of kitchen gardens, poultry farming, bee-hive keeping etc. but this part of the program was ineffective. vi. National Health…show more content…
Later in 1986 this program was renamed to National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Program. d) Pilot Project on Program Against Micronutrient Malnutrition The Pilot Project on Program against Micronutrient Malnutrition was implemented in Assam, Bihar, Orissa, West Bengal and Gujarat in 1995. The main objective of the program was a) to assess and improve the iron and vitamin A status in school going children, adolescent boys and girls, non-pregnant women, adult males and geriatric population, b) to assess the magnitude of flourosis and dental caries, c) advocacy and sensitization meetings with people involved in policy making with the elected members, teachers and social workers. e) World Food Program The WFP is committed to achieve a goal of reducing half the number of who are adequate access to foods by 2015. In India, it aims to improve nutrition and quality of life for the most vulnerable population at critical times in their lives, making sustainable improvements in household food security for the poorest, especially women and children. Major activities under the WFP include helping women to gain better access to food, education and involvement in community decisions, access to maternal and child health care and effective program
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