During percussion, the nurse strikes the chest to determine the condition of the underlying tissues. The nurse percusses the lobes of the lungs and over the heart to detect any abnormalities. During auscultation, the nurse places her stethoscope over the lungs and heart to detect abnormal breath sound e.g. stridor, rales, rhonchi etc. Assessment of the respiratory system will enable the nurse to detect the respiratory problems and to make good diagnosis for the patients.
A 52 year old patient was referred to hospital for widespread tense, serous fluid filled blisters with an inflammatory base in the skin. Discuss the integumentary assessment for this patient? Integumentary Assessment: An examination of the integumentary requires some understanding of the structure and function of the system. There also needs to be an awareness of the appearance of the skin in healthy and diseased states.Prior to performing a physical assessment of the skin, a health history should be obtained. The following data should be gathered from the patient and/or family members when performing a health history about the integumentary system.
Being on bed rest or having a C-section also increases your risk of having DVT. Highest incidence is in puerperium especially just after childbirth. Causes of Deep Venous Thrombosis Deep vein thrombosis can develop if you have certain medical conditions that affect how your blood clots. It can also happen if you don't move for a long time, such as after surgery or an accident, or when you're confined to bed. Here are some of the causes of Deep Venous Thrombosis Patient Factors: Age> 40 Obesity Varicose veins or venous
In others, your midwife or GP will refer you for an appointment if they have a particular concern, such as previous complications in pregnancy or chronic illness. You can ask to see an obstetrician if you have any concerns that you want to discuss. This care provided will not only include visits of patient specific to the pregnancy, but for any other health issues; such as common ailments, aches, pains and mental health concerns. Many obstetricians contract with hospitals to care for patients who do not have a doctor or whose doctor is in another area. This means that you may find yourself called into the hospital at odd hours to care for a woman in labor whom you have never before met.
Patient case study 11 The first clinical subjective symptoms that support the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes would be that the patient recent onset fatigue. High blood glucose makes your blood “sludgy,” reducing circulation so cells can’t get the oxygen and nutrients they require. It can also cause fatigue through inflammation. Blood vessels get swollen by the sugar. When this happens, according to new research, immune cells called monocytes come into the brain, triggering fatigue.
Obesity; one of the biggest risk factors. A rise in cholesterol due to obesity can keep the gallbladder from emptying completely. Estrogen; this can increase cholesterol and reduce gallbladder motility. People with higher levels of estrogen may be more likely to develop gallstones. For example women who are pregnant or who take birth control pills.
ABSTRACT Objective: As the peptic ulcer affects 2-10% of the population and is gradually affecting more of the young as compared to the old so a study was designed to identify the factors associated and look for the complications and incidence of peptic ulcer perforation in young adults. Methods: Patients of either sex between 18-30 years of age diagnosed of peptic ulcer perforation (gastric or duodenal ulcer perforation) failing to respond to medical therapy, admitted on an emergency basis were included into the study. Intra-operative findings pertaining to exploration under general anesthesia, release of free gas as the abdomen was opened, site and size of perforation, amount and nature of peritoneal contamination present were made note
ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION An acute MI occurs when myocardial cells have reached the threshold of ischemia; which in turn cause the body’s myocardial cell repair mechanism to first become overwhelmed and then to completely fail. When this mechanism fails, myocardial tissue necrosis causing irreparable tissue/cell death occurs. The following are possible contributors to myocardial ischemia and ultimately myocardial infarction (tissue necrosis and cell death): • Increased myocardial metabolic demand which include: o Extremes in physical exertion o Severe hypertension o Obstructive Cardiomyopathy o Severe aortic stenosis o Other cardiac valvular disorders o Low cardiac output states associated with a decrease in aortic diastolic pressure • Decreased delivery of oxygen and nutrients to
However the real victims in danger are infants, “who are typically hospitalized [due to the fact that] whooping cough is more dangerous in that age group” (Treatments and Drugs). Some cures or home remedies would be to get plenty of sleep, and drink plenty of liquids. One way of preventing viruses is by, “practicing good hygiene to prevent the spread of [a] respiratory illness” (Prevention). Other ways of preventing pertussis are by getting vaccinated. There are many types of vaccines for pertussis, “in the U.S. DTap, Tdap and Td vaccines are most commonly used” (Vaccine Information).
Research shows that smoking during pregnancy can have devastating effects on the development of a child's behavioural disorder. Children with smoking parents have a much higher chance to become a smoker themselves. The damage dealt by a risk factor is different for everyone. A “difficult temperament” can significantly increase the risk of developing abnormal behaviour in later stages of the child’s life. A difficult temperament is often associated with impulsivity, negative emotion, aggressiveness, tendency to demonstrate anger, higher than average activity and agitation and calming