(What does the study add to our understanding of the phenomenon?) People are much more likely to obey someone of authority than expected, even if it is against their beliefs or morals. Something such as Hitler’s rise to power could have been just as possible in the United States because Americans are just as likely as the Germans to continue to do something that they know is
Perhaps we will never be able to judge the prison guards or Eshleman’s behavior but we now know something that they did not know: different situations will bring out different sides of us. We get the opportunity to practice what we believe and stand true to who we are; knowing that life may present us with uncomfortable scenarios. We now get to choose whether to stick with our morals or not and can no longer blame our behavior entirely on our situations. It is probable that we may still be influenced by what goes on around us but that should not deter us from trying to be the person we think we are our everyday lives.
Some of the guards that were interviewed later, straight up told the interviewer that they wished that they had never participated in the experiment, and if they could go back they would change what they had done. This does not matter in the end though does it? It happened and is it not a lesson that should have been taught to cope with the wrongs that you have done, and move on and try to better yourself. It is interesting that in most cases, the guards were more like the true inmates in actual prisons than they ever believed themselves to
Normal People Behaving Evil The Stanford Prison Experiment was an experiment to see if normal people would change their behavior in a role-play as a prisoner or a prison guard. The experiment was conducted by Dr.Philip Zimbardo in 1973 at Stanford University that caused numerous amount of trauma to prisoners by prison guards in their role-playing position which forced Dr. Zimbardo to officially terminate the experiment six days after it was introduced. Due to the cruel aggressive behaviors from the guards, the experiment led to a question, "Do "normal" people have the capability of behaving badly?" The answer to that question is that most likely an individual who behave normally will have the capability of expressing evil behavior due to the environment that they are surrounded.
The Nazi’s dealt decisively with people who protested in Maulthaussen. In one incident a man who was a quarry employee protested and complained to the townsfolk on what was happening in the concentration camps, so he was made an example off. He was sent to a prison camp for eight months. At this point there were few who had complained so the town’s people saw it to be safe if they just conformed to their new circumstances. The Nazi’s used fear to control the populace in Maulthaussen and turned them into bystanders.
The Stanford prison experiment was conducted in 1971 at Stanford University. The experiment was directed by Professor Philip Zimbardo. The purpose of the study was to understand the psychological effects of becoming a prisoner or prisoner guard. Professor Zimbardo divided the volunteer participant students into the role of prisoner and guard, and he puts them in a prison-like setting in the basement of the psychology department at Stanford University. The study was planned to last for a couple of weeks, but it ended after six days that has happened because of the cruelty of the guards and the suffering of the prisoners.
Indeed, his work explains why the followers and children complied with their authority figures ' demands and how empathy and spatiality affected response solicitation. Meanwhile, Weber 's delineation of different types of authority explains why the authority of the rally leaders over their followers was different from that of the parents over their children. There are important differences between the two authority figure groups, and using Weber 's understanding of legitimacy and authority helped clarify their different roles. Durkheim 's theories simply do not provide as much insight into authority relations as
The Milgram 's obedience study showed that Stanley Milgram, a professor conducted an experiment to show how people can be influence by obedience to authority. Milgram set out to prove that an individual can carry out orders given, even though he or she knows that it is a inhuman test that is being given. The people used in this experiment were deceive from the start of Milgram test and his work was identified by Roger Brown as 'the most important psychological research ' done in his generation. Milgram had murdered thousand and thousand of European Jews, he had recruited 780 subjects and wanted to prove that these New Haven citizen transformed into brutal Nazis without much difficulties, Soc. (2013)50:623).
All in all I believe that we can learn a couple things from the worlds decisions in the way they handled the terrible mishaps in Germany. We can learn to take initiative and do what’s right, we can learn not to be bystanders and do something and not hope someone else will, and we can learn to think strategically and with passion knowing we can make a difference. These are some things that i can learn from the worlds responses to the Holocaust. Now, what are we going to do with these lessons, are we going to brush it aside and not actually apply this to the life we live every day, or are we going to take initiative and utilize these in such a way, that we ourselves become better people.
The Hitler Youth Movement also played a major role in creating youth susceptible to believing the cruel actions taken during the Holocaust was best. In fact, at the time participation in the group was considered equally (if not more so) as important as the child’s education. This was mainly formed to create future adults who can not only tolerate pain, but are generally stealthy and tough, much like the requirements of a soldier. They were also led to believe a leader such as Adolf Hitler was to be seen as almost a demigod like figure. The initial concept was created in the 1920s, run and overseen by a man named Baldur von Schirach.
Stanford Prison Experiment Philip Zimbardo questioned, “What happens when you put good people in an evil place? Does humanity win over evil, or does evil triumph?” (Zimbardo, 1971) In 1971 a psychologist named Philip Zimbardo conducted an experiment on the effects prison has on young males with the help of his colleague Stanley Milgram. They wanted to find out if the reports of brutality from guards was due to the way guards treated prisoners or the prison environment.