However, when informed he would not be held responsible he continued and even administered the most severe shock. This says that if humans feel some diffusion of responsibility, we are more willing to cause harm to another individual. There was also subjects such as Morris Braverman, a 39-year-old social worker, who offered to change places with the victim, but also laughed while taking part in the experiment. Braverman also went as far as administering the most severe shock. Furthermore, Stanley Milgram’s experiments resulted in great and relevant results, which helped scientist and psychologist understand the power that authority and obedience has on
Deception can only be used in research if there is no harm caused to the participants. Although deception was required to make the study successful, it was unethical as it tricked participants to believe they had caused suffering towards another human, resulting in psychological stress. Participants of Milgram’s study were deceived as they were convinced the experiment was about “the effects of punishment on learning” and were made to believe they were giving real electric shocks to the learner. They were unaware that there was no 'learner ' and they were listening to recordings of a person screaming in pain. At one point, the screams stopped which made the participants believe the learner was unconscious.
This could be either among family, in educational institutions or at work places. The extreme willingness of the adults to go to any lengths on the command of authority drives two states of individual behaviors, one where people tend to direct their own actions and take responsibility for the results of such action and the other being where people allow others to direct their actions and pass off the responsibility of such actions to the one giving orders. In my opinion, in the following, experiment failed ethically. They are: • Deceit and lies by giving the experiment in such a way that the mental behavior of the teacher was put in to test without giving any information about the environment of the experiment. • Due care or protection to the participant was not given during the time of the experiment as the teacher passed through some serious mental stress.
“Obedience is a form of social influence where an individual acts in response to a direct order from another individual, who is usually an authority figure.”(McLeod). If Montag was the subject of the Milgram’s experiment he would probably stop when the learner starts screaming badly. He would feel bad and get that he shouldn’t do this, leading him to disobey the instructions of the experimenter. Even though he is a fireman he still have some emotions and caring for living beings. “Montag placed his hand on the woman’s elbow.
I am one of those people who always encourage my friends or colleagues to better their lives either by changing their lifestyle or bad financial habits or up-skilling themselves, therefore I will be able to direct, coach support and delegate to the fellow followers when I implement the Situational Leadership Theory. 2. SERVANT LEADERSHIP - Pros of servant leader aim are to support, encourage, and develop their followers to reach their full potential. They are more likely to be in involved in the democratic or participatory decision making which is more favored by the followers. They would create people-orientated cultures that treat people with dignity.
Being a Good Samaritan; What it Takes In moments of everyday life, people have to face decisions where the choices they make represents the person they are. This is where you must morally judge the situation. Through various texts I have seen how people of diverse backgrounds respond to these different conflicts. Bryona Golding tells us in “Intro to Bystander Apathy” that in the face of adversity, people immediately turn to others and expect them to step up when in reality they are thinking the same idea. When the responsibility is in another’s hands, other people don’t seem to have a problem hurting one another, as in “Perils of Obedience.” The obvious thing a person would do when another is in need would be to help, but that is not always
However, a limitation is that this focuses a lot on social learning and the role that other people play but it does not take into account the individual learning that Piaget found out about. Implications for rearing • Parents need to be careful about punishing and rewarding behaviour and how they decide to do it • It is easy to reinforce antisocial behaviours as children feel as they are being rewarded with attention • Parents need to be careful of their own behaviours as children may copy them thinking that they are right. Role Models If we see someone that we admire behaving in a particular way, we are more likely to copy the same type of behaviour. An example would be seeing a celebrity that you look up to on a television advert using a certain product will make you want to use the same product as them. This is why many adverts use celebrity endorsement because whatever they are trying to sell will sell a lot faster than if there is a person advertising that they don't know.
People from an early age naturally tend to be guided by other people. First, they wished to please their parents and then their teachers at school. Even as adults, they have to Obey and conform to the authority of laws, police even their employer in the office, etc. Sometimes due to their anxiety to complete their work, consciously or unconsciously, tend to achieve their purpose using unethical ways, because the authority pressured them to. (Prentice, 2004)This phenomenon occupied the scientific community enough.
Therefore, to become an effective listener, you must practice self-control and eliminate the sources of disruptions. In the case of the child, he could have asked the teacher to increase his volume or asked his friend to keep quiet. Kushal (2009) argues that poor listening generates a tension and misunderstanding in relationships. As a result, many of us ineffective listeners have difficulties in accepting our mistakes and moving
A good leader is capable of creating a mass of people to follow him/her without coercing them or promise of a reward (Northouse 2010). Good leaders are capable of influencing others to learn through observing, listening, and self-reflection. Having a leader that challenged my opinions by asking me questions that triggered creative discussions and brainstorming made me realize essential behavioural patterns that hindered team progress and development. Leaders that can alter the mindset of their followers to doing good or activities beyond their usual self-are necessary for an organization to achieve their desired goals. The mechanism of asking critical questions made me more comfortable and more creative.