The Rationale Feedback is closely related to learning and teaching theories making it a significant element in learning despite the theories that may be adapted. In the learning environment, the purpose of feedback may vary but the tutor is bestowed with the responsibility to provide positive reinforcement to encourage students’ applications of learning in new environments. With feedback, both the student and tutors get to a common ground where success in learning can be quantified. Literature Review From
Cooperative learning model is an active process where students work in small teams/groups, each with students of different levels of ability, use a variety of learning activities to improve their understanding of a subject. Students have opportunities to actively participate in their learning, question and challenge each other, share and discuss their ideas, and adopt their learning. Ross and Smyth (1995) describe successful cooperative learning tasks as intellectually demanding, creative, open-ended, and involve higher order thinking tasks. In this model, it is essential to create a positive climate where interpersonal skills can be promoted so that positive emotions will be fostered among learners. Cooperative learning also helps the learners to feel empowered and respected to prepare them to face real
Self-regulated learning is in parallel with constructivist view of learning and teaching in that it puts learner at the epicenter of learning and construction of knowledge and, hence, it merits more heed in contemporary education. Constructivism underscores the importance of individual self in building meaning (Vygotsky, 1978). Learners act as an umpire of feeding inlet of knowledge to
There is the analogous relation between the two major approaches to learning and reflective thinking practice (Leung & Kember, 2003; Phan, 2007).This intertwined relationship is, again, pivotal to the cultivation and encouragement of quality learning in higher education contexts. Pedagogical strategies and learning objectives that entail complexities in this sense stimulate intellectual curiosity and positive perceptions of task value, facilitating in this process engagement of meaningful learning and deep learning strategies (Kember et al., 2000). In this study, students’ learning is key aspects of investigation in understanding quality in students’ learning. Especially from a phenomenographic perspective, how students approach learning is a key issue in examining qualitative
Here, people understand things through reflection and by analyzing changing social patterns, which in turn influences their view of the world. In this respect, Rigoni recommended that the curriculum should take this approach to enable educators to understand the struggles students experience while learning and develop mechanisms that will streamline the learning process. The approach makes it possible for teachers to identify essential content areas that would benefit students and include them in the curriculum. It also reinforces the concepts and skills of self-disclosure, professional use of self, critical self-reflection, and narrative inquiry that would enable educators to develop curriculums that would make the learning process easy for students and improve the quality of educational outcomes. Moreover, social learning promotes the development of wisdom and intuition in students, which is vital for their understanding of the world.
They are turning around their approach into a focus on creating positive school climate and responsive classroom as part of holistic quality education based on child rights where there is effective teaching and classroom management, thus enhancing students’ learning experiences. The motivational psychology researchers discovered several useful approaches and practices that can be implemented in the classroom for effective learning to take place (Miller, 2012). Teachers are using differentiation to support teaching and learning. Differentiation can vary in pace, activities, resources, teaching and learning styles in an attempt to best meet the needs of individual student. Various teaching strategies such as cooperative learning, active learning, role play and games and pedagogic tools are being integrated in educational theories in meaningful and useful ways to encourage task or learning achievements.
Aural means related to sense of hearing and oral related to verbal communication. Surely when the student is getting better in both listening and speaking they will reach communicative competence. Communicative competence refers to the level of language learning that enables language users to convey their message to others and to understand others’ messages within specific context (Hymes, 1972). Of course to reach this competence, both listening and speaking improvement is really needed. The Aural-Oral approach is very effective to be implemented in English Language Teaching in case to build communicative competence of student.
Being able to identify where one is able to work best in can be used to one’s advantage, as the person can transform any environment into an effective teaching and learning environment catered best to their needs. Some students prefer sitting in a group setting whereas others prefer sitting alone. The design and layout of the classrooms are an integral part of stimulating a student’s learning productiveness. A classroom whereby a student sit on individual seats encourages independence in learning whereby a circular
After much investigation, I have come to the conclusion that your program best suits my research interests. I hope to employ the methodology of conversational analysis to study classroom interactions and examine how the details in conversation can influence learning motivation. I also want to look into how teachers can increase students’ learning motivation by acquiring knowledge in TESOL classroom practices, pedagogical English grammar, and second language
In second language learning, using visual aids is a necessity teaching strategy in both English as Second Language (ESL) classroom and English as Foreign Language (EFL) classroom (Allen, Kate & Marquez, 2011). They believed that using visual aids in the process of teaching a foreign language can strengthen what learners have learned and increase their interest. In their article, they proposed the positive impact of using visuals and they concluded that teachers should become aware of the strategies in which they can use visual aids and use them purposefully in the classroom to enhance students’ learning. Visual aids can be defined as using objects, drawings, charts, photographs, videos, multimedia presentation, etc. in the classroom.