Ethical principles are universal standards of right and wrong prescribing the kind of behavior an ethical company or person should and should not engage in. These principles provide a guide to making decisions but they also establish the criteria by which your decisions will be judged by others. In business, how people judge your character is critical to sustainable success because it is the basis of trust and credibility. Both of these essential assets can be destroyed by actions can be, or are perceived to be unethical. Thus, successful executives must be concerned with both their character and their reputation.
The Stamp Act, a British law passed by the Parliament of Great Britain. The Stamp Act was passed on February 17, 1765, it took effect on November 1, 1765. It was created to raise revenue from the American Colonies by duty (tax) in the form of a stamp required on all newspapers and legal or commercial documents. The stamp Act was also a first direct tax to be levied on the American colonies. It was the first serious attempt to assert governmental authority over 13 colonies.
Week 8 June 1 – Accounting Statements and Cash Flow The topic that I have learnt today is on accounting statements and cash flow. The statement of cash flows contains the operating, investing and financing which are primary in business activity. Inflow is when the money are received and not necessarily earned. Whereas, outflow is when the cash is paid and not necessarily incurred. The information you get from the cash flow statement can help evaluate the company’s ability to meet its obligations.
(a) Analysis of financial statements is considered to be an effective tool for analyzing the operating and financial performance of an organization. The analysis of financial statements is useful for taking practical economic decisions by various users. There are different types of tools available for the analysis of the performance of an organization. However, the horizontal and vertical analysis is a very widely used technique for developing a better understanding of financial strengths and weakness of an organization. For the purpose of this assignment, as a Financial Analyst for Middle East Venture Capital LLC, I have chosen Oman Fisheries Co. S.A.O.G.
Professional accountants are required to comply with the fundamental principles of APES 110 code and apply a “conceptual framework approach” to determine their compliance with the fundamental principles whenever they know that circumstance or relationships may compromise their compliance. While the onus is on the professional accountant to do this, the bulk of APES 110 code of ethics describes how the conceptual framework applies in specific situations, for example when receiving gifts or other inducements form a superior may threaten corporate accountants objectivity. Like the FIA code, the APES 110 provides guidance for the more common but certainly not all practice situations. in all the other instance, once a threat is identified, the APES 110 requires a professional accountant to evaluate the significance of the threat and if the treat is insignificant, no further evaluation is required, or if the threat is significant than consider whether safeguards could eliminate or sufficiently reduce the threat to an acceptable level. Despite the principles vs. rule argument, the APES code of ethics does contain de facto rules, in several instance the code states that the threat are so significant that no safeguards can be applied to reduce or eliminate treats to an acceptable level for example, an audit team member could not own
The Constitutional Monarchy, His Majesty the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (the King) officially presides as the Head of the country. As a colonized country, Malaysia practices plural legal system where there is an existence of multiple legal systems which is the integration of the Customary Law, Islamic Law and Common Law. The national legal system is based mainly and predominantly on the common law tradition. When the British first came to the Malay Peninsula, to Penang in 1786, the common law and rules of equity of England were received together with British administration where common law was introduced to the Straits Settlements through Royal Charters of Justice. The implementation of common law was extended to other states in Malay Peninsula through administrative management and finally replaced the Malay-Muslim law as the basic law of the
Introduction This report is about comparative analysis of the given question ‘Do an accountant need to be ethical?’ This comparative analysis report includes comparison and contrast among the relatable sources used, explained accordingly and the list of references. Simply ethics is a code of fundamental principles so accounting professionals can demonstrate honesty and fairness to maintain the public trust and profession. This comparative analysis report compares and contrasts on how code of conduct or ethics are used, relation with accountants in different cases and sources to support the argument. Source 1: Code of Ethics Na.theiia.org.(2017). Pages- Code of Ethics.
It is because of this basic accounting principle that numerous pages of "footnotes" are often attached to financial statements. As an example, let 's say a company is named in a lawsuit that demands a significant amount of money. When the financial statements are prepared it is not clear whether the company will be able to defend itself or whether it might lose the lawsuit. As a result of these conditions and because of the full disclosure principle the lawsuit will be described in the notes to the financial statements. A company usually lists its significant accounting policies as the first note to its financial
According to king III reports, ethics (integrity and responsibility) is the foundation of and reason for corporate governance. The ethics of govern once requires the board to ensure that the company is run ethically. As this achieved the company earns the necessary approval _ its license to operate from those affected and affecting its operations. (LoDSA, 2009: p21). Unethical behaviour inside the company is frequently caused by unethical individuals.
It is the responsibility of leadership to decide what culture is ethically acceptable and what is not. Good culture is promoted by shared ethical values. Ethical leadership recognizes the behavior which is inconsistent with the desired organization cultural values. The management of ethical behavior in corporate culture is also a practice of ethical leadership. A company’s leadership is also involved training to handle the unethical dilemmas.