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Unstructured Observation

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Observation is one way to collect the data. Creswell (2009, p.181) argues that observation is kind of collecting the data in which the researchers take field notes on the behavior and activities individuals at the research site. Meanwhile, Sugiyono (2011, p. 245) has classified observation in three types. They are participant observation, overt observation, and unstructured observation. This study was refers to the participant observation because Sugiyono (2011, p 226) states that “In participants observation, the researcher observes what people do, listen to what they say, and participate”. But in this case the researcher as passive participation. Susan Stainback (1988) in Sugiyono (2009) states that passive participation means the researcher
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