Operant conditioning is a type of learning process where the strength of a client’s behavior is modified by reinforcement or punishment. Dr. Foxx’s work with Harry is an example of operant conditioning because of the techniques he used with different levels of consequences, for example time out and physical reinforcements. With that being said Dr. Foxx used Harrys restraints as both positive and negative reinforcements. In addition, some of the examples Dr. Foxx used to work with Harrys problem behavior
Pat was diagnosed with Bipolar disorder. CBT helps individuals by looking at negative thoughts and behavior patterns, and changing those into more helpful coping thoughts and behaviors. Using some CBT strategies such as, working with Pat to identify unhelpful thoughts and behaviors and work with Pat on how to deal with them. Setting goals is an important aspect to CBT, Pat should work on relaxation techniques to help him deal with his constant mood swings. It seems that Pat is scared to be alone and that is why he craves Nikki’s attention and tries so hard to get her back.
In this assignment classical conditioning principles will be used to explain the development of phobias and also how systematic desensitisation can be used to overcome fears and phobias. Classical conditioning in its basic terms is a type of learning in which an individual learns to link stimuli that predict that a significant event will occur. As individuals we gain much of our behaviour from classical conditioning. For example if we were to have an argument with an individual, we are likely to experience emotional reactions that were encountered at the time of the argument while meeting them again. (Martin, Carlson, Buskist, 2010).
Cognitive Behavioral Theory (CBT) is a form of psychological treatment that helps different types of behavioral problems such depression, eating disorders, and severe mental illness. The Cognitive Behavioral Theory was pioneered by Aron Beck. Although he spent most of his career studying psychoanalysis, in the 1960s his research focused on distorted thoughts that led to problematic behaviors (“Beck”, 2017). He developed the Cognitive Behavioral Theory trying to help his depressed clients while working as a psychiatrist at the University of Pennsylvania. The Cognitive Behavioral Theory (CBT) approach consists on monitoring negative automatic thoughts (cognitive), recognizing the connection between cognition and behavior, examine the evidence
It is based on relatively singular and narrow construction of occupational stress and occupational stressors and a specific popularized model of peer intervention called Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD) (Gist, n.d., p. 420). The CISD outlines different phases that the first responder has to follow and they are introduction, facts, thoughts, reactions or feelings, symptoms and teaching. Under the introduction phase, the person is informed that their participation will not only help them but others as well. In the facts phase, is for the person to note what they say and heard during the traumatic episode and create a calibrated perspective of the event. Under the thoughts phase, the participants articulate their initial thoughts as the impact and magnitude of the traumatic
He learns these by mirroring what he sees at home first, then in his community and school. If he is given no alternative model, he will pursue similar objectives. His skills may also include concrete skills learned by imitating older youth who demonstrate the material success he craves. These may include criminal skills such as stealing, burglary, and conning others. Society fares best when it addresses the full range of needs required by its citizens prior to their assuming adult roles.
To alleviate the barrier of anxiety and mistrust, the interviewer can ask general questions such as. “Before we begin, I would like to get to know you a little better. What do you do on a typical day?” (Geiselman & Fisher, 2014) The alleviation of anxiety enables the interviewee to use cognitive resources on retrieving the relevant
This school counseling would given him time to be able to cope with the emotions that he is feeling and learn ways help control them. The other type of educational services I would recommend for Randy is to be involved in a speech and reading program to help improve his vocabulary and to try and prevent the use of the choice words that he uses. I would also recommend putting in a reward system for when he acts appropriately at school he is encouraged and rewarded fro those behaviors. The option of taking things away from him for bad behavior maybe a possible option if accepted by his parents. This way Randy can being to understand consequences and rewards for different actions.
However, medication may be very helpful and useful for the treatment of social anxiety disorder, therapy proves to be just as effective. The purpose therapy is to reduce anxiety by disrupting and eradicating beliefs or behaviors that kept maintaining the anxiety disorder. Therapy has two balances . The balance helps people change thinking patterns that prevent them from conquering` their
It is a hands on approach to dealing with problems which affect people’s day to day lives; it focuses on the here and now, tackling current difficulties and unhelpful thinking patterns, as opposed to the deep seated historical causes focused on by psychoanalysis. (Shirlaw, I and Lantin, B, 2006). Therefore CBT addresses the interaction between these thoughts, feelings and behaviours. It is aimed at changing the ways we think and do things which cause us psychological distress. ‘’Our behaviour may then change as a result of thinking differently.