The theme of revenge as depicted in Homer's The Odyssey comes into play when Odysseus exacts his punishment on the wooers that invaded and denigrated his home. The revenge, in my opinion, was not only acceptable, but also, a necessity given the gravity of the situation. Although Odysseus' justice was swift and severe, this epic could not allow moderation in punishment, as it wouldn't follow the grandiosity of the story's theme. The actions of Odysseus were justified because he endured years and years of turmoil and battle. His goal was to return to his home-land and wife, Penelope.
But once they go and battle for their life, the men do not stay true to power they have. Battling Scylla, “... making her strike, whisking six of my best men from the ship” (585 Homer). More and more men die on the way to the point that Odysseus will be all alone. Continuing to travel back to Ithaca, Odysseus’ then loses his shpi later on which brings us back to the introduction of the Odyssey. Lastly, once he returns to Ithaca after a 20 year absence as a beggar, he wants to get his life back.
Gilgamesh was filled with sorrow because of the death of Enkidu, but he left his own people just for their own progress. Its mission is based on selfishness and greed. Conversely, Hector left his family to fight Achilles. Andromache told Hector that Achilles had killed his father, his brother and took his mother as a slave. Hector was selfish and filled with too much pride to stay at home and not fight.
Agamemnon’s taking of Briseis enrages Achilles and spurs him to remove himself from the war, leading to a massive death toll in the Achaean forces. In stealing Briseis from Achilles, he is not only robbing of him of a material prize, but also a symbol of honor, his geras, in Greek culture. In retaliation, Achilles removes himself from the war and prays to his mother, Thetis, that she will ask Zeus to damage the Achaean forces. Achilles’ only goal is that “even mighty Atrides can see how mad he was to disgrace Achilles” (1.488-490). Despite having no true grievance against the Achaean army as a whole, Achilles’ rage blinds him from the potential harm that may befall his troops.
Homer’s “The Iliad” uses Achilles, our epic hero, as a demonstration of the power rage has over men, and how that in turn affects fate. Achilles, though sometimes considered godlike in his sheer power, often succumbs to his overwhelming rage--eventually at the expense of his best friend’s life, and nearly his own honor. Although Achilles ultimately chooses to avenge Patroclus’ death and achieve his own kleos, his initial rage-fueled decision to withdraw his participation in the war leads to the death of many Achaean soldiers at the hands of the Trojan forces, thus demonstrating the power prideful rage has in determining fate. Achilles’ initial refusal to battle alongside Agammemnon, motivated by his fury at being publicly shamed, leads to
The first of Alfred’s chiefs was Eldred, a Franklin by the sea who had been a valuable and mighty warrior in battle. However, his friends in battle had been killed, “broken about Ethelred,” and, after turning to alcohol to cope with his loss, Eldred had retired. Thus, Eldred began to detest even the idea of war as an unnecessary event of bloodshed for the common man. In spite of this, Alfred relayed Mary’s message, that the sky darkened and the sea rose higher. At this moment, Eldred found within himself the resolve to fight and unhooked his sword from high upon the wall.
English 271 Achilles and Hector in The Iliad and Medea and Jason Medea all have characteristics that potentially led to their downfall. Achilles is a very angry man and it leads him to do unspeakable things. Hector is very prideful and in the end clouds his judgement. In Medea, Medea is revengeful and all she thinks about his getting revenge. Jason is insensitive and in the end it cost him his family.
Book 21 focused heavily on setting up for the audience and everyone around him that the entire reason he was there was to avenge his best friend and make sure that everyone responsible paid for his death. One particular quote caught my attention as being a good explanation, stating “No, you’ll all die, die ugly deaths, until you have paid for the Greeks’ loss, for Patroclus dead, killed by the ships while I was away” (Iliad, Book 21, 141-43). He also exposes his motive for why he feels he must avenge Patroclus- he feels responsible for not being there when Patroclus died, possibly able to prevent him from meeting such a fate. Now he is taking out his anger over Patroclus’ death on all Trojans and refuses to show any of them mercy. Going beyond just seeking revenge, he’s also continuing to partake in the aforementioned brutal violence.
This sequence of events changes his view and molds Odysseus’ character in regard to his surviving friends and family. For example, Odysseus taunted Polyphemus and incited the wrath of Polyphemus and Poseidon, which led to the deaths of all his crewmembers. That was incredibly unwise, and not worthy of a leader who is responsible for the protection protect of his men. However, Odysseus learns his lesson, and realizes that he needed to grow through his horrifying experience of the earlier deaths. By the time Odysseus finally returns to his home, he not only has a burning desire to avenge his family by killing the suitors, but he also attained a greater understanding for the suffering of others.
Peony had just gave up on running when she feels an arm slide under her legs and another across her back-the world spinning in her head as Rhett lifts her off the ground. “Don’t worry- I got you.” He begins running in the opposite direction of her campsite- of her group. She tries to tell him to stop, to turn around and go help her allies but she can’t find her voice. Dark spots begin clouding her vision, one spot- two spots- three, she takes one last breath- praying that her group gets out safe before her whole body relaxes and everything goes black.
The star-crossed lovers’ deaths were unavoidable, no matter what decisions led up to them. Without a doubt, the most destruction was made by Mercutio. Mercutio was Romeo’s best friend, which led to Romeo’s underestimation transform into angry rage once Tybalt killed Mercutio. His decision to fight Tybalt put himself amid an ongoing quarrel between Romeo and Tybalt, causing tension between the Capulets and Montagues, and disconnecting Romeo from Juliet.
Because Alexander the Great was weakened by both his drinking and fever, he was vulnerable. Any of his enemies who wanted to hurt him had their chance. Some of those enemies were Antipater, his tutor Aristotle, and any of the generals that may have turned against him. The one who most likely murder Alexander the Great was Antipater, Antipater had worked for Alexander the Great 's father Philip. Antipitar may have had a reason to kill Alexander the Great as, “Alexander sent orders for [Antipitar] to surrender his post and report to Babylon.” Antipater was not very happy with Alexander the Great for this decision as well as killing one of his companions Cleitus.