When diarrhea ensues, body fluid and electrolytes are eliminated by the body before they are adequately absorbed. Dehydration is the state wherein the person's ability to take in fluids is not quick enough to replace the losses from the diarrhea. Most mortalities from diarrhea occur in the extremes of ages: either the very young or the very old. Diarrhea can be categorized in several types. Chronic diarrhea is the type of diarrhea that occurs for more than two weeks; gastroenteritis, or what is more commonly known as stomach flu, where there is associated vomiting; acute gastroenteritis is the type where there is inflammation of the bowels; and lastly, dysentery, where there is blood, pus or mucus in the stool.
Neo-natal period refers to the first four weeks of the human life (first 28 days).It is particularly a vulnerable period which carries one of the highest risk in human life. When a baby comes out of the mother’s body they will have to make many physical adjustments to the life. Leaving the uterus means that a baby loses the chance to depend on his/her mother 's circulation and placenta for important functions. When making the transition to the world some babies face numerous complications and difficulties which make their medical condition worst and the baby’s body system may not compatible with the new environment. In that case the babies are admitted to a special unit in the hospital called Neo-natal Intensive care Unit(NICU).In the NICU
An anxiety attack may last for days, weeks or even months, whereas a panic attack lasts only for around 30 minutes. The symptoms of panic attack develop faster than those of anxiety. A panic attack is repetitive in nature and surfaces for a duration of 20-30 minutes continuously. On the other hand, an anxiety attack is an ongoing phenomenon which goes
Faculty of pharmacy Pharmaceutics department Assignment topic: Neonatal paternal nutrition Course title: Hospital pharmacy Course code: PT521 Lab group: C Submitted to: Dr.Dalia Abdel Aty Prepared by: Zaid Mohammed Areed – 112955 Due date: 13 may 2016 Spring 2016 Introduction parenteral nutritional support is important in our life for infants which is cant get enough of nutrient due to several reasons like problem in GIT which is maybe continuous for several weeks or more . so the parenteral nutrition is very important (Dudrick, 2009). Neonatal parenteral nutrition (PN) plays an important role in the management of sick and growing preterm and term infants, and so they are willingly present in the hospitals, as PN plays also an important role in the nutritional support for the babies who have feeding problems.
According to the researcher, a high BMI of over 30 kg/m2 in the pre-pregnancy period increases the chances of adverse effects on the mother and the child. The mother has an increased risk of mortality, pre-eclampsia, and gestational diabetes and the child is at risk of congenital anomalies, infant mortality and reduced rate of breastfeeding. The researcher does not bring out the problem directly but argues that in the UK and internationally, the number of women who are obese during pregnancy is on the rise and this means an increase in the healthcare cost of managing these women. The main problem is that despite there being guidelines and standards of care published internationally, and pathways of care developed, a barrier to the practice
The ultrasound measurements of the fetus in the first half of gestation are normal, even in cases of moderate to severe maternal pathology. If you have a pathology as a mother, growth retardation (CIR) will become evident in 25-30 weeks. There is no fixed time, I speak of weeks to approach. You may wonder, what maternal diseases are most common in cases of fetal growth retardation ? : The most frequent and known is hypertension.
Statement of Problem STIs are widespread in the developing countries and constitute a major public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa. Syphilis has re-emerged as a global public health issue and World HealthOrganization (WHO) estimated that approximately 12 million new syphilis infections occur each year worldwide, many of which go untreated especially in less developed countries. Globally, about 1 million pregnancies are affected each year by syphilis due to maternal infection, and because of these about half of the pregnancies result in stillbirth or neonatal death more recently; there has been a resurgence of syphilis(6) Testing for syphilis in pregnancy and labour is medically indicated because of the potential risk for congenital infection and fetal loss. Syphilis has also acquired a new potential for morbidity and mortality through association with increased risk for HIV infection(7) Maternal syphilis is estimated to contribute to 29% of prenatal deaths, 11% of neonatal deaths, and 26% of stillbirths around the
In developing countries, most individuals are infected during childhood. Family members are at increased risk of infection.  A number of occupations show increased rates of H.Pylori infestation, mainly health care workers. Infection with H.Pylori is a chronic disease which will not resolve spontaneously without specific treatment. The gastric contents are normally nearly sterile as a consequence of the acidic luminal environment and the effects of gastric emptying.
Preterm birth, defined as childbirth occurring at less than 37 weeks or 259 days of gestation, is a major determinant of neonatal mortality and morbidity and has long-term antithetical consequences for health.1-3 Children who are born preterm have higher rates of cerebral palsy, sensory deficits, learning disabilities and respiratory illnesses compared with children born full term. The morbidity related with preterm birth often extends to later life, resulting in enormous physical, psychological and economic costs.4, 5 Preterm children are at greater risk of motor impairments and these impairments often persist into adolescence. Premature infants comprise a special group of high-risk infants. Their motor development is distinct from that of healthy full - term infants and their occurrence of motor disorders is higher than their incidence of recognition and behavioral disorders.6 About 10 – 20% of all pregnancies and 9% of neonates are at risk7. According to international studies, 2.6 – 10% of neonates with birth weight of <1500 g).
Introduction: Developing countries face the greatest burden of pediatric hydrocephalus, there are inadequate data to determine the prevalence and incidence of hydrocephalus. This liability is related to more health challenges, etiology assumed to correspond to high birth rates, maternal and perinatal risk factors, malnutrition education gaps, also greater risk of untreated neonatal or even prenatal infections and neural tube defects . Hydrocephalus (Primary and secondary) remain one of the commonest and devastating pediatric neurosurgical pathologies. Incidence of congenital hydrocephalus has been estimated to be 0.2- 0.8/1000 live births . Unique challenges affecting the treatment of hydrocephalus in the developing world include
Delayed-onset muscle soreness, also known as DOMS, is considered to be classified as a type one muscle strain. When an athlete is experiencing DOMS they will have minimal to extreme muscle tenderness and/or stiffness to palpation or during movement. Typically an athlete will experience DOMS when first returning to extreme exercise, i.e. preseason. With DOMS, intensity of the pain will increase within the first twenty four hours post-exercise, peaking between twenty four and seventy two hours and subsiding within five to seven days.
Neonatal nursing can become a very emotionally draining occupation to pursue. These nurses have to care for the babies that are born premature, or are at risk (Neonatal Nursing 2). Caring for babies that may not have a chance at life can be emotionally difficult. According to Pinfield, “A study showed that on average, each year 10% of babies are premature or have an illness that requires Neonatal care”. Pinfield also says that of all the infants that die before their first birthday, 70% die because they were born premature.
Infants that are born before thirty-seventh week (premature infants) of pregnancy are preterm and are at a much higher risk of complications that result from the brain damage. Medical literature consists of a variety of other factors that may contribute towards neural damage, for example, abnormal development of the brain, anoxia (absence of oxygen) in the near-drowning situation, excessive neonatal asphyxia (refers to the situations when oxygen is absent for long periods of time or the presence of excess carbon dioxide which can cause tissue damage in the body), choking abuse, intracranial bleeding (excess blood in the skill pushing against brain tissue causing severe trauma), pregnancy related complications, neurotrophic virus (viruses that are capable of entering nervous system and infecting brain tissue, brain trauma and various other infectious agents (Levitt, 2011, p. 3). It has been suggested that the neuronal descending pathway from the brain, rubrospinal tract (RST) which normally mediated voluntary movement control, imperfectly overcompensates when the corticospinal tract (CST), which is the primary motor descending pathway, is damaged or injured (Cahill-Rowley & Rose, 2013). It is often possible that the cause is not certain, and in most cases knowing the cause and history of the individual with cerebral palsy may not be helpful for the physician or the
Duties and responsibility Neonatal nurses work in a wide range of care for intensive care for babies because of the delicate bodies and the wide range of issues these babies can be born with; such as immune deficiencies, drug addictions, deformities, and premature births. These babies are born within the neonatal period which is defined as the first 28 days of life by (Brannagan, 2016); these first days of life are crucial to an infant 's life. Every day these nurses chart what happens to their patient and teach parents how to care for their tiny infants. These charts must be very precise and must not under any circumstances include personal opinions from the nurse. Charting must be done every three hours and have information such as a patient 's food intake, their blood pressure, oxygen levels, heart rate, and how the baby acted and/or parents.
sudden cardiac arrest is when the heart suddenly stops beating. Blodd stops flowing to the brain and other organs. Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) causes death if not treated in minutes. The most common cause is an arythmia which is when rapid pulses causes your ventricles to quiver instead of pumping blood. Usually a life threatning arythima develops in a Person with a pre-existing heart condition such as: coronary artery disease, heart attack, or electrical problems in the heart.