INTRODUCTION The principal goal of the Prosthodontics is to control oral disease while restoring aesthetics and function with durable biocompatible restorations. Knowledge of the responses of periodontal tissues to fixed partial dentures is crucial role in in the development of treatment plans with predictable prognoses. During diagnosis, treatment planning, and active therapy, each patient’s needs must be considered in light of the available evidence, which includes published clinical trials, anecdotal reports from peers, and personal clinical experiences. Critical evaluation of available evidence should be included in the decision-making processes for a predictable result.
Worldwide, malocclusion is becoming more and more common. It is estimated that 40-80% of the overall population is effected by malocclusion (5). Malocclusion occurs when teeth are misaligned, and impairs the functions of the craniofacial structures: the jaw, tongue, and facial muscles (1, 2). Breastfeeding may be the solution to this problem, as the mechanism of breastfeeding can help prevent malocclusion. When compared to bottle-feeding, breastfeeding encourages the palate to adopt the correct shape.
As the size and format of the human face are mainly determined by the facial skeleton, any abnormalities of the underlying bone structure will reflect on the external soft tissue. Surgical procedures altering the craniofacial bone framework have a significant effect on facial appearance, and can contribute to facial aesthetic enhancement up to some degree (HSU et al., 2010).
Evaluation and Management of Pain Related to Orthodontic Treatment(Comparison bet preoperative analgesia and BW in orthod ttt) Abstract: The aim of the study was to evaluate the onset and intensity of pain induced after the insertion of fixed orthodontic appliances and the following activations. And to compare analgesics versus non-analgesics pain managements approaches (protocols). One hundred and fifty patients (40 males, 60 females) were selected from patients whom attending the Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Tanta University seeking for orthodontic treatments, they were ranged from 13 to 25 years of age.
INTRODUCTION Maxillofacial injuries have remained serious clinical problems because of the specificity of this anatomical region.1 Mandible in its vulnerable position and anatomic configuration is one of the most frequent facial bones to be involved in traumatic injuries with resultant fracture even though, it is considered the strongest and most rigid bone in the facial skeleton2 Weakest region of the mandible to fracture is the angle. Approximately 50% of fractures of the mandible involve areas with teeth and are the most important factor in determining where the fracture occurs.3 The presence of third molar is associated with 2-3 fold increased risk of angle fractures compared with the absence of third molar, and are most likely to occur in teens and twenties. This is of clinical interest because this age is most likely to have unerupted third molar.4,5 Mandibular angle fractures follow a pattern common to many injuries and this depends on multiple factors including direction, amount of force, presence of soft tissue bulk, and biomechanical characteristics of the mandible such as bone density,
Furthermore, improper tooth alignment can cause gum related problems that contribute to periodontal disease which might require another kind of dental procedure. If you undergo an orthodontic treatment, you will learn the proper dental care and thus improve oral health. Proper Oral
Pain and pain on pressing were elevated, as were limited jaw movement and the bite feeling off. No clicking and popping were found during the clinical exam, suggesting that jaw functioning was not impaired, and this was confirmed by the TMJ Scale. The Non-TMJ scale was also elevated, reflecting the tension headaches. X-rays found no evidence of bony abnormalities. The patient reported significant emotional problems, and borderline stress, probably reflecting the result of eight months of searching for a solution for her pain problems.
Surgical mandibulo maxillary fixation (MMF) is a proven method of stabilizing most maxillofacial fractures involving the maxilla and/or mandible . Different surgical options available for treating maxillofacial fractures include open reduction internal fixation (ORIF), open reduction, closed reduction, and orbital reconstruction. Treatment outcomes usually rely on the nature of injury, type of fracture, expertise of surgeon, and devices/technology used . Infection is the most commonly reported complication of surgical treatment. Other less common complications include malunion of fractures, malocclusion, and temporomandibular joint disorder .
In designing an appropriate method for my investigation, I consulted a number of local dentists, orthodontists, and dental professors for information relevant to this study. In shaping my experiment, I reviewed and looked through several higher-level or graduate-level studies done on this same topic. The largest obstacle I needed to overcome with this experiment was finding the appropriate teeth to do my experiment on. It was originally planned that I would use human extracted teeth, which I would acquire through a local orthodontist, but after many meetings with a dental professor I found that I would not be completely sure if my procedure would call for more teeth until I actually proceeded to do my experiment. An orthodontist may not wish
A study by Addy et al 1999 showed the prevalence of recession to be higher on upper canine and first pre-molar teeth and lower canine, first premolar and incisor teeth, in a group of 92 subjects with a mean age of 35 years.13 Some studies show that the prevalence of gingival recession is higher on the left side of the jaw.14 Higher levels of recession have been found in males than females and in Afrocarribeans and African-american than White Caucasians and other racial or ethnic groups.15 Recession is also found in patients with good oral hygiene as well as in patients with poor oral hygiene. In patients with good oral hygiene, recession is located commonly on buccal surfaces and in those with poor oral hygiene other tooth surfaces are also affected.16,17 Studies also show a correlation between calculus and gingival recession. One such study by Van der Weijden et al 1998 shows a higher prevalence of recession on lingual surfaces of lower anterior teeth in the age group of 20-34 years.18 Habits such as lip and tongue piercings are associated with increased prevalence of recession in mandibular anterior teeth.19 In patients with periodontitis attachment loss, bone loss and gingival recession is located mainly interdentally.
Comparison of single vs double noncompression miniplates in the management of condylar fracture of the mandible Introduction Literature reports that of all the mandibular fracture, 17.5% to 52% occurs in the condyle. Despite recent advances in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery, the treatment modality for condylar fracture remains to be a topic of discussion and controversy in the field of maxillofacial trauma. Closed reduction had been the choice of treatment for many surgeons but long term complications such as chronic pain, arthritis, open bite, deviation of the mandible on opening and closure inadequate restoration of vertical height which leads to dysocclusion and ankylosis hence causing difficulty in achieving functional and anatomical restoration. This and the advent of miniplate system with the added benefit of early mobilization has turned the focus of many surgeons towards open reduction treatment modalities. Many rigid internal fixation techniques exist for the possible reduction and fixation of the mandibular condyle.
Secondly " aggressive periodontitis" which is known of it 's rapid loss of gums and bone destruction. Then we have "periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic disease" this type develop or appear with some other diseases such as diabetes and cardiopulmonary diseases, this type of periodontitis has more affect on children. And last but least "necrotizing periodontitis disease" this one is accompanied by necrosis of periodontal ligament, alveolar bones or some gum tissues, it 's more dangerous to people with some sort of systemic disease or people who suffer from immune deficiency disorder. all these types of periodontitis have a couple of similar symptoms, swollen gums, change of color and some tenderness, as well as loose teeth and some changes in how they fit together in the mouth. Of course all these symptoms and diseases could be prevented by keeping a good oral hygiene, in which a one should at least brush his teeth twice a day, floss for at least once a day and try to keep routine visits to the
Picking Cosmetic Dentist Today like never before, the decision of a restorative dental specialist is a basic choice that ought to be made with the most extreme consideration. So how would you pick a restorative dental practitioner? All things considered, in today 's commercial center, numerous general dental practitioners perform at any rate some writes of restorative dental methodology. In the course of recent years, there has been a sensational flood of "corrective dental practitioners" into the field to such an extent that in the business, being a "restorative dental specialist" is very nearly an adage?. . .
(4). Contrasting other systems, the GOSLON Yardstick is treatment-linked (e.g. anterior crossbite with retroclination of the incisors can be corrected more easily than anterior crossbite with normal incisor inclination) and is therefore more useful than a specific anomaly-score alone. Not only the enucleating effect but also the hereditary skeletal pattern is addressed by this scoring system, as it is based on the prospects for orthodontic rectification. The system was developed for categorising the degree of malocclusion in 10-year-old children with UCLP, examined in the late mixed or early permanent dentition (4). It categorises malocclusions in patients with UCLP according to antero-posterior arch, vertical labial segment, and transverse relationships.
ABSTRACT Odontogenic keratocyst is the common cyst of odontogenic origin, which draws the attention because of its peculiarity. Now the lesion is renamed as Keratocystic odontogenic tumour (KCOT) because of its neoplastic nature and its tendency to recur. KCOT occurs most commonly in the mandibular ramus area. Maxillary anterior region is a rare site of occurrence. We present a rare case of maxillary KCOT with its clinical features, radiographic and histopathological and surgical management.