The theoretical format Person-Environment-Occupation (PEO), focuses on the individual, the environment, and the occupation. With the PEO format, we see the physical, social and cultural elements of where occupational therapy takes place (Scaffa, 2010, p.35). The PEO ties in person-environment interaction, person-occupation interaction, and the person-environment-occupation interaction (Scaffa, 2010, p. 36). The PEO is similar to that of the OT framework because the OT framework as well describes environment as having physical and social components. It mentions the social aspect of the environment that includes relationships and expectations with other individuals. The framework, similarly to the PEO, also talks about environment strictly on
The model shows the motivation of occupation; the patterning of occupational performance; the essence of skilled performance and how environment affects occupation. The PEOP model is a client-centred model that was published in the 1990s, it focuses on how the performances of the individuals, groups and populations are affected by the intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Although both two models are common in the practice of occupational therapy, they are different in many ways. In this essay, I will compare the differences between two models.
Often, patients can gain the life skills needed for independent living, as opposed to residing in a group home. Socially, successful treatment provides more opportunities for patients to develop meaningful friendships and pursue romantic interests down the road. Leisure activities and taking up hobbies are also possible for patients that have gained self-awareness and interests in such pursuits. Occupational therapists may teach clients about financial management, including the ability to create a budget. These skills allow patients to pursue other interests where saving over a period of time for a desired object is required.
Occupation reflected on who and what type of person someone was. Occupation reflected the social position on the residents of a community. Most women were mothers raising multiple children, this was their occupation. Men on the other hand, would work in shops, farms, markets etc. Young boys held occupations too, such as herdsmen.
Occupational therapy saved my family. Growing up with a sister with severe spastic cerebral palsy to include both cognitive and functional deficits, life existed on a day to day, hour by hour basis, as we were unsure of challenges each moment would bring. This all changed the moment occupational therapy brought quality of life back to me and my family. My very personal experience defined my purpose to become an occupational therapist, to pay the gift given my family forward.
and intrigued by the mind-body connection as well as the importance of human activity and occupation in maintaining mental and physical well-being. At the same time, my desire to work directly with people and be able to make a positive and lasting change to their lives by empowering them and helping discover their strengths and confidence in themselves to achieve their goals, led me to a realization that a career in occupational therapy would be a perfect fit for me. To me occupational therapy is a dynamic, rewarding, challenging, and inspiring field where I can fully realize my skills and knowledge. Having always been a firm believer in the patient-centric approach, I am passionate about providing excellent service to patients by improving their performance, preventing illness and disability and promoting adaptation to life
However, according to Kielhofner (2009), to practice occupational therapy, a professional identity is not enough. Occupational therapists require the knowledge, skills, and patience to understand, interpret and work with their clients to achieve a sense of ownership over their own life and actions. There are three distinct types of knowledge that influence an occupational therapist's
Ralph Emerson once said, “The purpose of life is not to be happy. It is to be useful … to be compassionate, to have it make some difference that you have lived and lived well.” I chose the profession of occupational therapy to embrace this rationale of life; to encourage others to help themselves and discover the resilience and strength they have to successfully re-integrate with their community. At Hunter College I majored in psychology and I wanted to continue to apply this knowledge through a health care career. Occupational Therapy effectively concentrates on the psychological, emotional, and physical well-being of the patient, while facilitating those individuals with illnesses or injuries to re-learn everyday tasks.
I have always had the intense desire to care and look after people from a very young age. I firmly believe that everyone deserves the best quality of life possible and this is what had drawn me to occupational therapy as a career path in the first place. It is so easy to take for granted all the everyday tasks we can do and we seldom consider the effect of not being able to complete them. As an occupational therapist I would be able to make a positive impact on someone’s life and make it possible for them to enjoy their life. I want the opportunity to provide support to people, help them gain independence and watch them grow more confident in their own ability.
When chaos arrived to our interventions we need to be flexible and holistic to adapt the meaningful activities and occupations of our clients because we can guide them but every human engage in their own occupations based own experiences and beliefs.
George E. Barton, an architect, contacted Dr. William R. Dunton, Jr. because he was interested in learning about the response of the human body to the therapeutics of occupation. The National Society for the Promotion of Occupational Therapy was found on March 15, 1917. Charter members included; Eleanor Clarke Slagle, George E. Barton, Adolph Meyer, Susan Johnson, Thomas Kidner, Isabel G, Newton, and Susan Tracy. Through the 1920s and 1930s until the Great Depression, this organization flourished. It was during this time that Occupational Therapy became more closely related to and aligned with organized medicine, thus creating a more “scientific approach” to this field study.
1.Describe, in your own words, how occupational therapy helps people. Occupational therapy allows a patient to work towards the goal of being able to perform basic everyday functional tasks. Therapy will differ for each patient, providing purposeful tasks that will allow the most growth for the specific individual needs. Being able to be an independent individual that can perform functional tasks is something that most people strive for, and if something happened that altered this way of life, it can be very stressful and even feel dehumanizing to the patient. Striving for independence and working with the therapists is something that will positively affect the patient's quality of life.
For the practice of Occupational Therapy it teaches meaningful, functional, and adaptive life skills; it is a profession that enhances activities of daily living (ADL), and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL). IADL’s including community mobility, is a critical area for the United States citizens. Driving is an instrumental activity that needs addressed with each client for safety and testing motor movements. Between 2002 and 2012, more than 1.5 million U.S. soldiers returned to the United States after an active duty Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraq Freedom (OIF; U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs [VA], 2012a). Soldiers are trained specifically to what branch of service they’re going into.
Occupational Health is an area of medicine which concentrates on work-related illness, the effects of work on health and the effects of health on work. Occupational Health seeks to promote positive health whilst working and, in many cases, whilst studying and undergoing work placements. Occupational Health is important as the provision ensures that staff and students undergo appropriate assessments and examinations to ensure that they are not risking their own health, nor the health of their service