Human Occupation: A Case Study

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The Model of Human Occupation (MOHO) was the first occupation-focused model to be introduced in the profession developed by G. Kielhofner, J. Burke and M. Reilly in 1980. The model was developed because of the recognition that occupational therapy had become too concerned with remediating impairment and need to recapture its original focus on occupation from the 1960s onward (Reilly 1962, Shannon 1970, Kielhofner & Burke, 1977). The Person-Environment-Occupation-Performance Model PEOP) began its development in 1985 by Baum, C.M and Christiansen, C.H, and was first published in 1991, reflexing the complex interactions between the person and the environment in terms of occupational performance. In this article, the similarities and differences in the aspects of model components and application between these two models will be discussed. A model is based on its basic assumptions. In MOHO, it is believed that a human being is a…show more content…
When first contacting a client, overview assessments like MOHO screening tools and Assessment of Occupational functioning are applied that covered to major components of the model. After identifying specific problem areas, more information and performance evaluation may be needed to prepare interventions. Therapists do this by applying checklist evaluation like the Interest Checklist and the Occupational Questionnaires, and observational evaluations like assessments of communication skills, assessments of motor and process skills, as well as Volitional Questionnaire and Paediatric Volitional Questionnaire. There are also specific practice evaluations like the Work Environment Impact Scale and the School Setting Interview. With enough information of the client, therapists can plan interventions for the client and further performance
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