The world is a vast dwelling of individuals with several different principles and cultures. However, a principle that seems to be prevalent in the world is gender inequality. Gender inequality is a term used to represent the mistreatment and unfairness of individuals based on their gender. Many have brought awareness to the issue, like writer Jamaica Kincaid. Jamaica Kincaid is a writer from Antigua in the British West Indies who was rejected by her family because of her career choice.
Anuja Sharma Kanika Dnag Thesis paper 23 October, 2015 Battle for equality Gender discrimination refers to biased treatment, based on gender. Many people misunderstand the concept of gender and often relate it to sex. Gender and sex, though often seen related, are actually not synonymous. According to Lorber (1968) sex is the state of being females and males; meanwhile, gender refers to women and men. Each gender has its own identity and roles which are called as femininity and masculinity.
Workplace discrimination has been a reoccurring issue throughout the existence of the United States. Discrimination in the work environment can be defined as less favorable treatment to one employee versus another, typically based on things such as; race, gender, pregnancy, sexual orientation and mental disabilities. There are several regulations put into place, to stop discrimination however, laws do not control one’s actions and thought process. The goal of this research paper is to provide readers with the necessary information regarding workplace discrimination in the United States. Racism is the belief that a person's race is what determines one's human capabilities, that one race is superior than other or that people should be treated
Women have come a long way throughout history from the right to vote to be able to work in the workplace. They have faced a lot of discrimination but have been able to fight through each situation, but yet there are disparities between men and women in the workplace from the pay gap to positions. But why are these disparities present? Katty Kay and Clarie Shipman, writers of the article The Confidence Gap, believe the answer is confidence. This article argues that the reason why women do not pursue higher positions is due to low confidence through a pathos appeal directed at the audience, an ethos appeal given by the credibility of the authors, and a logos appeal by a variety of statistics and studies.
"Gender is such a familiar part of daily life that it usually takes a deliberate disruption of our expectations of how women and men are supposed to act to pay attention to how it is produced"(The Social Construction of Gender 65). This tells us that once someone does something out of the "norm" then we start to conceive ideas of what gender is and how it is produced. Once something is done out of what we were taught and perceived to believe is right we then frown upon these actions. Our genitalia is often used as an indicator of which sex we belong to. The reading also talks about gender stratification and how it ranks men above women.
Wages are given as the price of labor for the work done by an individual, and the reward for the investment on the human capital of the worker. However, despite the rise in equal opportunity employers and feminist movements upholding equality in the workplace, there is still a large disparity in the wages received by workers based on one’s sex. Borjas (2005) stated that wage inequality can be explained by the difference in productivity of workers and the rate of return of skills. This wage inequality is manifested in the wage gap and is usually seen between sexes and among various races. A vast number of empirical studies that focused on wage gaps between genders in the labor market have been conducted, however it is still unclear
On the contrary, women during that time had little freedom over all aspects of life. Ranging from employment to formal education, women often faced disadvantages due to the inferiority that men placed on them. However, as time went on, women became aware of the mistreatment from their male counterpart and began questioning the subservient role that they were accustomed to, leading to women 's fight for equality. In these two essays, we will examine the different theories around Liberal and Marxist feminism. I will draw from Elizabeth Stanton 's essay "The Declaration of Sentiments", that the Liberal theory included in her writing demonstrates an accurate
It varies from “domestic violence, workplace discrimination, and human rights violations” on women issues (Jaggar 301). The idea of human rights is often used to challenge the issues of “sexual slavery, forced domestic labor, and the systematic withholding education, food, and health” from women around the world (Jaggar 302). Otherwise stated, women’s human rights are often neglected or denied and the feminism movement acknowledges the oppression and advocates for women’s “men” rights. However, women in different societies faces different systematic disadvantages where some of abuse are considered “normal” or “natural” in their society. Often the voices from third world countries are taken seriously only if they reflect the norms of the Western world because of dominant cultural values that are overtaken in media and around the world.
According to the dominant social norms that derive from patriarchy and disadvantage women by default, their place is within the restricted limits of the domestic sphere and even society's expectations regarding the behavioral norms of women undermine indirectly her prospects of leaving. McKie's further comment on that is: Further, historically most societies have ascribed roles and attributes to men and women which afford men domination over women. While contemporary views may challenge these ascriptions of female roles and obligations, women express feelings of responsibility for others, and these feelings are supported by the attitudes of families, schools, workplaces and churches. (McKie
324). The difference, then, is a product of cultural and ideological processes within society at large. In this sense, doing gender is a discursive activity, in which men and women enact their 'natural ' differences inwardly and in social situations, thus creating a form of social control that makes the gendered division of labor possible, and enables this hierarchical organisation to persist (Ashcraft, 2004; Frye, 1983; West and Zimmerman, 1987). Thus, in this context, structural changes that may benefit the position of women in the workplace–such as legal reforms and social reorganisations–have limited practical effects (Colgan, et al., 2007). The accepted social authority of men and a structural endorsement of masculinity in all socio-cultural spheres are perpetuated and kept in place through an appropriation of male-dominated ways of seeing.