Existential Therapy and PTSD Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a disorder where individuals have persistent mental and emotional stress that may cause a disturbance of sleep and have constant vivid recall of the experience. In Existential Therapy the aim is to “help clients face anxiety and engage in action that is based on the authentic purpose of creating a worthy experience.” In my opinion existential therapy can be a great way to assist clients with PTSD cope with anxiety and search for the meaning of their lives. It is crucial that in existential therapy to consider the therapist client relationship due to it being a journey taken by both. Therapist are encouraged to share their reactions with genuine concern and empathy with their clients. Therapist model authentic behaviors themselves which encourages their clients to grow.
Occupational Therapy Model / Frame of Reference (FOR) There are several frames of references that occupational therapy utilizes. The frame of reference (FOR) gives the therapist guidelines to follow as interventions are conducted. Choosing a proper FOR is key for the best treatment approach for each unique patient. One FOR that would be appropriate for Kara in this case study is Model of Human Occupation (MOHO). MOHO seeks to explain how occupation is interested, patterned, and performed.
This self-awareness should include continuously examining their own development and unexamined personal trauma, as well as, personal biases, ideas, values, and beliefs related to culture, crisis, sexual assault, intimate partner violence, and suicide. Counselors should also practice self-awareness related to their own knowledge and level of competence in providing crisis services. Lastly, self-awareness should include monitoring their personal reactions to the trauma and crisis they are working with, changes to their own personal schema, and failures to address personal issues (Sartor, 2016). By engaging in self-awareness, the counselor can provide appropriate services to assist the client, rather than cause harm. Furthermore, practicing self-awareness and engaging in self-care activities can serve to protect crisis counselors from burnout, vicarious trauma, secondary trauma, and compassion fatigue (Sartor, 2016; Jackson-Cherry & Erford,
Research on cognitive behavioral interventions in chronic pain involves CBT, relaxation therapy, biofeedback, or some combination of the three. Generally, some form of CBT is combined with either relaxation training or biofeedback. Assessment Patients with chronic pain need to feel understood by those who are providing care to them. On the other hand, a therapist requires relevant and adequate information about the patient from a bio-psychosocial perspective to establish therapeutic goals. Therefore, a comprehensive psychological assessment is a prerequisite for CBT and other interventions (Please refer to chapter “Psychological Assessment of Patients with Chronic Pain”).
Activity analysis is used to figure out the demands of an activity and the capabilities needed in order to be able to participate in that activity. Before an occupational therapist decides to have a patient engage in an activity or occupation, the therapist must try to do the activity themselves first in order to know the type of performance skills and client factors needed to perform it successfully. Also, the activity must be broken down in increments and analyzed extensively to make sure that is doable and that it will be therapeutic for that particular client depending on their needs and how meaningful it may be for the client. For example, if a client is unable to support their body weight due to postural impairments, it would be inappropriate to engage them in an activity without assistance whereby they will have to be up supporting their
This particular intervention is utilized to adapt a change in the way an individual thinks about their condition thus changing their behaviour. Therapy sessions are “present” focused and are concerned with identifying and problem solving what needs to be address. The therapy sessions are highly structured and it gets the individual to practise new ways of thinking during the session. Cognitive behaviour interventions are based around psycho-education about pain and does the person understand their pain, many behavioural aspects, coping skills, different approaches in problem solving and how to deal with pain, to eliminate negative thinking and anxiety about pain, to utilize the ABC-E model to aid in identifying and overcoming events that may be impacting on the pain (Keefe, Dunsmore & Burnett 1992). Many studies have found that cognitive behaviour therapy is an effective treatment for chronic pain and its significant changes in the individual’s experience of pain, their pain behaviour, and social function (Morley et al
The counsellor gathers information to understand the client’s problem and how it affects the client and his environment. The counsellor will also explore on the factors that probably cause the problem and aspects which may relieve it. Lastly, the information gathered is to assist the counsellor to know the client’s understanding of the presenting problem and efforts to resolve the
While OCD and PTSD share some characteristics, they have a number of differences and therefore their treatments have unique features to address these differences. Imaginal exposure therapy is often employed in treating individuals with PTSD; patients expose details of the trauma and their emotions associated with it, working through them systematically (Monson et al., 2007). In order to establish imaginal exposure effectively, therapists must encourage their clients to create a description of the traumatic experience they endured. The therapists then works to correct their negative assumptions regarding the incident, varying thoughts of self-blame to more constructive thoughts. In comparison, treatment for OCD may involve prescription drugs,
Instead, I believe people should look at mental illness in terms of another characteristic that the person encompasses, that makes him or her unique. I think once mental health stigmas are reduced, more people will seek professional help and people will be more aware of supporting those that are suffering from a mental illness. Hopefully with increased awareness, more professional help and institutionalizations will be offered in order to aid in the recovery of those with mental
The main aim of empathy is to put oneself into the client’s position and have an understanding of the trauma or stress the client is experiencing by understanding their feelings. In building therapeutic relationships empathy works as a foundation as it helps build positive connections allowing the client to have the satisfaction that the counsellor hears them and values their needs. Further, a therapeutic relationship builds up with self-care. Self-care is important to have better end results it is the core concept of building relationships. At a place where dealing with people who suffer from a trauma or stress it is important to have self-care to reduce stress and maintain well being for self and for the client.