caretakers, teacher, psychologists etc.). History taking is important in both interventions in order the therapist to formulate hypotheses and then design the treatment plan. The professional status of the therapist should be in respect of the patient’s case and the therapist should be transparent following the ethical code in terms of maintaining confidentiality. In addition, in both interventions the therapist should have in mind the building of rapport with the patient in order to achieve engagement and compliance with the treatment plan. Both interventions are underlying by the client’s motivation.
Occupational therapy is client-focused. Occupation therapy practitioners use their knowledge of the transactional relationship among the person to reach a goal that enhances or enables participation in one’s role, habits, and routine within the home, community and other settings (AOTA, 2014). Achieving occupational goals can result in “health promotion and wellness, remediation or restoration, health maintenance, disease and injury prevention, and compensation” (AOTA, 2011, p.1). In order for the promotion of these goals to take place, one has to view their experience using relative mastery. Relative mastery is the perception of performance by the person who faced the occupational challenge.
Nelson was determined to define occupation clearly so that progression could be made in the field of occupational therapy (Nelson, 1988: 633). In the following essay I will outline the model that Nelson designed to clearly illustrate occupation. I will then describe an occupation that I take part in and apply Nelson’s ideas to my occupation to prove that it is an occupation. Nelson describes occupation as “the relationship between two things: occupational form and occupational performance” (Nelson, 1988: 633). Occupational form is the external environment or situation in which the occupation is performed in.
By establishing a worker/client relationship, this will provide Laura with a secure base to operate from in the future. She will be able to confidently explore her historical, current, and future relationship with her mother knowing that she can receive comfort and reassurance from me, her social worker. Once she recognizes this secure base, I will assist her in discovering how she currently handles her relationship with her mother. During this relational discovery process with her mother, I will also allow her to explore her relationship with me, showing Laura how her previous ways of dealing with others could be positively changed through the change of her various internal behavioral models. Through this social worker and client relationship exploration, Laura will discover how her current perceptions of her mother are connected to expectations from their relationship when she was a child, providing her the opportunity to view the current relationship differently.
With Pavlov’s theory of classical conditioning the students can also be conditioned to learn a skill and then respond in practice due to a stimuli which could slightly or immensely trigger the response of the social hand wash. The student is taught the technique through learning by observation demonstrated by the educator in simulation. Together with this they are taught the reasons why the social hand wash technique is learnt in order to develop insight into the procedure. The steps are taught to them and they themselves repeat the steps multiple times in simulation. The hand washing is then assessed by practical examination the expected outcome is that when students are in practice that they may identify the moments when hand washing is needed.
Holistic care includes caring for an individual as a whole by assessing their physical, psychological, spiritual, social and cultural needs and providing care in an environment which supports this philosophy (Price, 2006). Person-centred care not only involves the patient but also includes meeting the needs of the family and/or carers of the patient and involving other members of the multi-disciplinary team. The Nursing and Midwifery Council’s (NMC) (2008) Code corresponds with Price (2006) by mentioning that nurses must treat people as individuals and respond to their concerns and preferences, guaranteeing that
According to Rogers patients can participate knowing the change process to its capacity. The characteristics basically, describes of the life processes of the patient are: Energy field, openness, pattern and dimensionality. This model, the nurses role is to serve people. Rogers also includes, Therapeutic touch, humour, music, mediation, imagery and color use. Nurses intervention are there to coordinate the rhythm between human and environment and assisting the patient in the change process and toward a better health.
Activity analysis is used to figure out the demands of an activity and the capabilities needed in order to be able to participate in that activity. Before an occupational therapist decides to have a patient engage in an activity or occupation, the therapist must try to do the activity themselves first in order to know the type of performance skills and client factors needed to perform it successfully. Also, the activity must be broken down in increments and analyzed extensively to make sure that is doable and that it will be therapeutic for that particular client depending on their needs and how meaningful it may be for the client. For example, if a client is unable to support their body weight due to postural impairments, it would be inappropriate to engage them in an activity without assistance whereby they will have to be up supporting their
They should at least have a master degree within this field of study. Formal education can give you an advance then others to informative understand the grieving process. Having further education can provide professionals with effective tactics that can help the clients deal with their grief. Grief counselors and therapist can use tactics such as symbols, clustering (brainstorming one's feelings),Thought-Field Therapy, evoking language or psychodynamics. Also having further training can give insights to grief counselors whenever a client needs further treatment options or a referral to a specialist.
The occupational therapist considers the physical and psychosocial/behavioral health needs of clients. Some of the areas a community based occupational therapist can provide would be Activities of Daily Living to include dress through the use of adaptive equipment, modified techniques, energy conservation, proper mechanics and energy conservation to name a few. Other areas for ADL retraining would include use of specialized or adaptive equipment to maximize safety. This will be done when while incorporating fall prevention strategies to foster awareness of safety and limitations in the
The occupational therapist can make recommendations for the client. The recommendations include widening the width of the doorways for wheelchair access, installing a lift for ease of access of the second floor, walk in shower with bench, and accessing if the ground is leveled to prevent falls. In addition, IADL completion such as front loading washer and dryer and an accessible office space are also considered. Assessing the environment is important for the client because she will use
They are explained to the client as the opportunity for them to learn skills that will help them be able to cope with daily upsets. The goal of exercises and homework is to set them up with the tools to ensure that their daily life improves. 2. The clients in Face to Face program are automatically enrolled in group and individual therapy. The logic behind the client
The OT will look at how things may have changed for Taylor after a TBI and SCI and then recommends different ways to do tasks or provide modified equipment to support him to be independent as much as possible. This includes recognising levels of care and help needed to complete tasks. PT should conduct both the physical assessment and planning of physical therapy. They can assess and promotes mobility, movement, muscle strength, coordination, balance and stamina. PT can also provide information on walking aids, develop a fitness/mobility plan and provide training to Taylor’s family/caregiver.
As an occupational therapist I would like to help individuals who are differently abled gain quality of life and independence by improving upon both mental and physical challenges to function as a whole person, as this is what I understand the role of the occupational therapist from both personal and observational experience to be. I believe this is accomplished through providing encouragement and support, educating each client and their loved