It is estimated that pH will continue to drop till 0.3 to 0.4 by 2100. (Jackson 2010) BIOLOGICAL IMPACTS OF OCEAN ACIDIFICATION: Ocean acidification has many harmful impacts on living organisms. Ocean acicdifcation changes the ocean chemistry and this can disrupt the entire marine food web. It affects the life of organisms inside the water in a variety of ways. Few impacts of ocean acidification of different organisms are discussed briefly below.
When water reaches their life cycle it will end up in the ocean because water falls from the river to the ocean. Scientist believes that maintain clean water and preventing pollution from the ocean could expand and maintain the earth ecosystem. One major problem beside the pollution in the ocean is the spill of oil. Why it’s dangerous? Because oil is conclude as an inorganic substance, which cannot tolerate and bound to
As demand for metals and other materials grow in economy, countries turn to the ocean for collecting these materials that may occur more readily in the ocean floor. As informed by conserve-energy-future.com, the deepest parts of the ocean are being affected the worst by the mining; and acidity is increased due to the materials polluting the water: “For example, copper is a major source of pollutant in the ocean and can interfere with the life cycles of numerous marine organisms and life.”. They also state that as the acidity increases, corrosion of man-made objects is inevitable, leading to more pollution due to degrading material and increased oil spills. This then leaves another overcast of deadly substances to hinder the lives of creatures that must endure the circumstances placed by human
Similarly, using stainless steel water bottles instead of plastic water bottles would also help the environment. Plastic items usually take about 10-1000 years to decompose in landfills. Additionally, plugging my cell-phone and laptop chargers out, and turning off the electrical appliances when not in use would also reduce the ecological footprint. Furthermore, eating organic and locally produced food instead of packaged foods would also reduce the ecological footprint. Cutting down on meat and dairy would also help as meat consumption is one of the significant contributors to global warming.
Another method is chemical sorption of CO2power plants. Plants can naturally capture the carbon dioxide and use it for photosynthesis by biological fixation. Terrestrial plants capture more amount of carbon dioxide but the actual atmospheric carbon dioxide is just 0.036%, so it is not economical valuable method. Another alternative Biological method is CO2 sequestration by using algae. It has some advantages over physical methods of sequestration.
Water pollution has been a growing problem over the last couple of decades. The Pacific Ocean, covering about 46% of the Earth 's water surface, making it larger than all of the Earth 's land area combined, is vastly polluted. This issue is called The Great Pacific Garbage Patch, also known as the Pacific trash vortex, which is a gyre of marine debris in the North Pacific Ocean discovered in 1997 by Capt. C. Moore. The Great Pacific garbage patch formed slowly as a result of the ocean or marine pollution and gathered by oceanic currents.
Oil burns and releases toxins and CO2, poking holes in the ozone layer. People inhale oil fumes and suffer with asthma. There are a million ways that oil is destroying human lives, but if we get off land and go underwater, oil’s damaging effect on the oceans’ habitats adds the more reasons to strive for the use of alternative energy sources. Since oil began to be used widely as a fuel, there hasn’t been a year without a copious number of oil spill incidents. In the US alone, the Office of Response and Restoration of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) responds to over a hundred oil spills each year (NOAA).
According to University of Exeter (2007), Vitamin C is essential in plants because it helps them grow. This is because plants cannot grow past a seedling without the vitamin C. The University of Exeter says “Vitamin C provides protection against the harmful side-effects of light during photosynthesis…” Vitamin C is a big part in a plant 's life because it allows the plant to become an “Adult” or mature plant, which helps produce oxygen. If plants did not use Vitamin C to grow then we would have no oxygen on Earth. According to the University of California (2005), Vitamin C can also improve the process of photosynthesis or make it more efficient. Which is the process in which plants turn sunlight into food for them.
Negative Effects of Ocean Pollution “Each day, oil used to lubricate engines and to power the vessel leaks into the ocean” (Wroble 44). When the residue enters the ocean, it begins to affect the environment and animals. This is just one of the many problems from ocean pollution. “According to Worldwatch research associate Peter Weber, 80 to 90 percent of all of the materials dumped at sea are dredgings...dredgings are rich in toxic chemicals...from nonpoint sources” (Wroble 49). One particular chemical that affects the oceans are Polychlorinated Biphenyls, or PCBs.
Coral reefs are dying at an alarming rate thanks to many factors, mostly caused by humans. For instance, when we pollute the earth and our oceans by burning greenhouse gases, we cause climate change. This affects the coral as they can’t withstand the water raising by only a few degrees. This often causes coral bleaching, which kills these animals. Also, storms can destroy reefs, also often caused by humans affecting the environment.