Most cystic lesions of the major salivary gland are cystic neoplasms. Benign cysts are epithelial lined cavities usually containing fluid or semisolid material, incidence is 2-5%. Benign cysts of the salivary gland are classified into three types: a) Lymphoepithelial cysts b) Salivary duct cysts c) Dysgenetic cysts a) Lymphoepithelial cyst Bernier and Bhaskar introduced the term lymphoepithelial cysts to stress that it is not an embryologic remnant. Lymphoepithelial cysts are considered distinct entities from the lymphoepithelial lesions.  Usually there is a well circumscribed, asymptomatic mass in the superficial portion of the gland.
Computerized tomography (CT) scan combines X-ray images taken from many different directions into cross-sectional views of internal organs. CT scans can provide detailed information about the structures within the heart and lungs. 4.3.2 Lab tests. A test using blood from an artery in your wrist can measure oxygen level. ABGs showed a normal or decreased PaCo2 despite severe dyspnea and hypoxemia.
Each renal artery is divided into anterior and posterior branches (presegmental arteries) at the hilium of the kidney. The further division of the arteries is into following branches apical, upper, middle, inferior and posterior. ARTERIAL VARIATIONS It has been established that each of the segments is supplied by their own segmental artery without any collateral connection therefore the importance of each and every branch is equal and needs proper evaluation(33). The variations that we observe are probably the result of anomalous degeneration of the rete arteriosum urogenitale and the rest of the mesonephric arteries. This may explain why there is some variation in the point of origin of those arteries that persist to form the final segmental arteries of the adult kidney.
Rotational anomalies are one of the most frequent of embryonic malformations related to the digestive tract. The incidence of malrotation is ∼1:500 births and the symptomatic incidence is 1:6000 [1, 2]. Intestinal malrotation refers to incomplete midgut rotation and fixation in early fetal life and can consist of complete absence of rotation, incomplete rotation—less than 270—or inverse rotation. In most cases Malrotation can present with other congenital anomalies and It is typically diagnosed during the first year. We report a rare case of malrotation with LADD band presenting in an 11 year old girl accompanying intrinsic duodenal stenosis and annual stenosis.
It is common in neonates and children due to malrotation. In the literature, there are other causes such as congenital bands, post-operative adhesions, duplication cyst, meconium plug, Meckel's diverticulum, internal herniation, and ventriculoperitoneal shunt (1-4). Intestinal volvulus without underlying causes called primary segmental volvulus ( PSV ). It is a rare condition few cases were reported in the literature. We report a case diagnosed as acute appendicitis clinically and radiologically, intraoperatively shows a primary segmental volvulus of the ileum associated with Inflamed Appendix and fecolith at the
Angiography If the CT or the LP reveals the presence of blood angiography is performed to identify where the aneurysm is located and to plan treatment. Angiography where a catheter is threaded into the arteries of the brain and dye is injected while pictures are taken can demonstrate the anatomy of the arteries and uncover the presence and location of an aneurysm. CT angiography or MR angiography may be performed without threading catheters into the brain as is the case with a formal
Abstract: Thalassemia is among the commonest inherited disorders in developing and low-income countries. The cure is very costly and requires long-term management. The only way to solve this problem is by preventing more birth of thalassaemia major cases by a screening program. Accurate diagnosis of alpha-thalassemia requires DNA analysis, which cannot be applied effectively in underprivileged countries. Therefore, a simpler test should be used as a screening tool and the definitive cut-off level is critical for the success of the screening program.
Class I is the minimal mesangial lupus nephritis and for patients who are classified under this usually are in remission. The worst class, Class VI (Advanced sclerosis lupus nephritis) is embodied by a gradual progressive kidney dysfunction. This complication is the one most scientists use for research as this affects the majority of Lupus patients. Other complications could include organs such as lungs, brain, intestines, and
Most hematological malignancies, diseases of the central nervous system such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Alzheimer's disease, dementia, multiple sclerosis and motor neuron disease are contraindications to ocular tissue donation as well. Other contraindications include recipients of transplanted organs, prior ocular surgery and ocular diseases that are likely to compromise the graft outcome as inflammation and malignancy. Eye Bank Association of America. Medical Standards. http://www.restoresight.org.
Hispathology The pathological characteristic or features of Angiocentric Glioma are quite similar to other types of brain tumors such as astrocytomas and ependymomas. Yet, their occurrences are rare in cases and this make accurate diagnosis difficult. In general, Angiocentric Glioma is demonstrating an angiocentric pattern and it composed of diffusely infiltrating, monomorphic, bipolar spindle cells which is arranged in around blood vessels in concentric sleeves and pseudorosettes. Plus, the immunohistochemical staining result for this tumor is typically positive mostly for glial fibrillary acidic protein. CASE STUDY PATIENT DEMOGRAPHIC’S