There are several factors that can lead to healthcare disparities includes poor access to healthcare, poverty, exposure to environmental problems, deficit knowledge, inadequate and unsafe housing as well as individual and behavioral factors. These factors increase the minority groups of being uninsured, lack of health care accessibility, receive poorer quality care and experiencing worse health outcomes, including low income individuals and black people (Ubri & Artiga, 2016). In United States, the healthcare disparities are very obvious and it can be clearly seen between urban and rural
With these degrees of exclusion, we 're all losers. Social cohesion is weakened, and conflict situations are created, generating violence and sick societies. More than nine million children die each year before their fifth birthday. Between 33% and 50% due to malnutrition. The cause of death is usually diarrhea, but behind it is acute deficits of necessary micronutrients.
The diabetic foot is a notorious condition that podiatrists treat frequently. Multi-factorial in its development, the diabetic foot is a complex complication of diabetes mellitus1. Characteristically, the condition results in an increase in pressures acting on the plantar aspect of the foot, resulting in tissue destruction1. Alterations in anatomical structures force the foot to adapt in order to maintain some function, and in doing so, alters the biomechanics of the lower limb1. Pathological changes become increasingly prevalent and prevention of tissue destruction becomes exceedingly difficult1.
In Fresh Fruits, Broken Bodies, Seth Holmes defines structural violence as “Social inequalities and hierarchies, often along social categories of class, race, gender and sexuality” (Holmes, 89). Holmes expresses that minorities are stigmatized and suppress based on their ethnic background. According to Holmes, “Nationwide, migrant farmworkers are sicker than other groups… these health disparities fall along citizenship, ethnicity, and class lines [81 percent of these workers are immigrants, 95 percent Mexican] and 52 percent of whom are undocumented” (Holmes, 99). The structural violence of America’s oppressing social structure becomes embodied in form of sickness. Unfortunately, the subordination of Immigrants’ race mostly allows them to be employed for manual labor.
Recent evidence in the USA shows that roughly one in three patients experienced an AE, and in 6% of cases, AE is severe enough to prolong the patients’ hospitalisation and send them home with a permanent or temporary disability.6 In Canada, it has been estimated that the overall incidence rate of AEs is 7.5%, and 40 % of these events are potentially preventable.7 An Australian research has estimated the prevalence of medical errors and patients’ injuries in the Australian healthcare system to be 16.6 % of total 14,179 admissions, 51% of the adverse events were considered preventable.8 The financial cost of these AEs has been estimated to range from $ 483 to $ 900 million per
Can you imagine going through long battle with a disease only to be told that you have only 6 more months to live. All of these thoughts and questions start running through your head and you feel like you’re dreaming or having some sort of out of body experience. Being diagnosed with a terminal illness is unimaginable, emotional and physically trying. Cancer is the number one leading cause of terminal death in the United States, to put that into a better perspective one out of every four deaths is cancer related. That’s about 564,000 deaths annually and 1,500 deaths per day.
200,000 people per year are hospitalized for conditions related to seasonal flu. The high incidence of both hospitalizations and deaths related to the flu are the reason that it’s so important that everyone over 6 months of age have the flu shot. There are five special populations that influenza impacts more than the regular populations. These populations are the elderly (65 or older), pregnant women, those with
Medication error (ME) is defined as “improper dosage, delivery of an incorrect medication administration to wrong patient, and inappropriate medication therapy” (XU et al., 2014, p. 286). ME is a long threat standing threat and is common errors in health care setting. It outcome can lead to physically harmful, fatal and prolong hospitalization, and enormously costly. In the mental health setting, some of causes of ME are, similarities of generic and brand names of drug, similarities of container labels and packages, and illegible of handwriting prescription. In this paper, the issue of medication administration error related to sound-alike and look-alike medications will be examines and implement a policy and procedure to prevent this error
Surprisingly more than 2000 victims of FGM have received treatment at London Hospitals in last three years, reported by Martin Bentham in ‘London Evening Standard’, 2013. Women are victimized; genocide prevails because governments are unable to defend its people from the cultural and economical downfall. In order to provide one right to citizen, developing countries are forced to violate other human rights because the idealized standard set by western world difficult to
Horizontal inequality can arise between groups clustered by ethnicity, religion, linguistic, history, culture and tribal affiliations. Four primary sources of horizontal inequality and examples regarding violent conflict that has arisen due to them are highlighted below: Primary sources of horizontal inequality Violent conflict example Discrimination in public spending Discrimination in public spending on education and healthcare leading to lack of development in rural and already disadvantaged areas of Burindi, Nepal have been the source of civil war in the country (Murshed and Gates, Murshed and Tadjoeddin, 2009). Asset inequality Asset inequality in agrarian countries as El Salvador, Guatemala, Phillippines and Zimbabwe have shown civil unrest and civil wars (Russett, 1964). Economic mismanagement and recession Following prolonged economic downturn and absence of economic growth many African, Latin American and FSU countries have suffered internal